|• Elected Mayor||Naşide Toprak (HDP)|
|• Kaymakam and Acting Mayor||Mehmet Uslu|
|• District||1,397.14 km2 (539.44 sq mi)|
|Elevation||810 m (2,660 ft)|
|• District density||62/km2 (160/sq mi)|
Silvan (Kurdish: Farqîn, Ottoman Turkish: ميا فارقين Meyafarikîn, Arabic: ميافارقين, Meiafarakin or Mayyafariqin; Armenian: Նփրկերտ, Np'rkert; Greek: Mαρτυρόπολις, Martyropolis; Syriac: ܡܝܦܪܩܝܛ, Mayperqiṭ) is a city and district in the Diyarbakır Province of Turkey. Its population is 41,451.
Silvan has been identified by several scholars as one of two possible locations (the other being Arzan) of Tigranakert (Tigranocerta), the ancient capital of the Kingdom of Armenia, which was built by King Tigran the Great (ruling 95–55 BC) and named in his honor.
In 69 BC, the army of Republican Rome defeated Tigran's troops in the battle of Tigranocerta. The city lost its importance as a thriving center for trade and Hellenistic culture in the following decades. In 387 AD, with the Peace of Acilisene, Tigranakert was made part of the Byzantine Empire.
Around 400 AD, the city's bishop, Marutha (later, saint Maruthas), brought a large number of relics back from Sassanid Persia. These were relics of Christian martyrs persecuted under Sassanid rule. For this reason it was renamed Martyropolis, "city of the martyrs." Following the reforms of Justinian I (rule 527–565), the city was made the capital of the province of Fourth Armenia. The city was inconclusively besieged by the Persians in the last phase of the Iberian War.
It was known by the name of Meiafarakin after the Arabs took over this region in the 7th century. It declined in importance over the centuries and became a minor Kurdish chiefdom during the rivalry era between the Safavids and Ottomans.
The current Mayor is Naşide Toprak from the (HDP). She was elected in the local elections in March 2019. She was dismissed in March 2020, and Mehmet Uslu has been appointed as a trustee instead of her.
People from Silvan
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