||This biographical article needs additional citations for verification. (November 2013)|
|Date of birth||4 August 1958|
|Place of birth||Gabès, Tunisia|
|Year of aliyah||1959|
|Knessets||13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20|
|Faction represented in Knesset|
|1998–1999||Minister of Science & Technology|
|2001–2003||Minister of Finance|
|2001–2006||Deputy Prime Minister|
|2003–2006||Minister of Foreign Affairs|
|2009–2013||Vice Prime Minister|
|2009–2015||Minister for Regional Development|
|2009–2015||Minister for the Development of the Negev & Galilee|
|2013–2015||Minister of National Infrastructure, Energy & Water Resources|
|2015||Vice Prime Minister|
|2015||Minister of the Interior|
Zion Silvan Shalom (Hebrew: ציון סילבן שלום, born 4 August 1958) is an Israeli politician who served as a member of the Knesset for Likud between 1992 and 2015. He held several prominent ministerial positions, including being Vice Prime Minister and Minister of the Interior. He resigned on 24 December 2015 following allegations of sexual harassment leveled by 11 women.
Shalom was born in Gabès, Tunisia on August 4, 1958 to a family that traced its roots to the Sephardic Beit Shalom dynasty. His family moved to Israel in 1959, settling in the city of Beersheba in the Negev. On November 3, 1964, while Shalom was six years old, his father, Shimon Shalom, a bank manager and a member of the Betar movement, was killed during the course of a bungled bank robbery. The murder was notoriously known as the first committed in a bank robbery in the history of the young State of Israel. At the age of 18, Shalom was inducted into the Israel Defense Forces (IDF) and rose to the rank of Sergeant.
Education and early career
After completing his service in the IDF, Shalom attended Ben-Gurion University of the Negev in Beersheba, from which he received a Bachelor of Arts in economics and earned his certification as a Certified Public Accountant. During that time, Shalom was elected as the chairman of the university's students' union and later as the vice chairman of the national students union. He later attended Tel Aviv University, from which he received a law degree as well as a master's in public policy.
Shalom began his career as a journalist. While working on his bachelor's degree, he wrote for Yedioth Aharonoth, a daily newspaper, in its students section. Afterwards he started working at the Rosh Berosh magazine and in the Negev's local newspaper. In 1980, he moved to Tel Aviv and started working at the now-defunct daily Hadashot. In 1984, he was appointed as its head political and economic correspondent.
In 1985, Shalom was appointed adviser to the Finance Minister, Yitzhak Moda'i, who was later appointed Justice Minister. At the age of 31, he was appointed director-general of the Energy Ministry and two years later, in 1990, he was appointed director-general of the Israel Electric Corporation.
In 1992, at the age of 34, Shalom was 34th on the Likud list for the 13th Knesset, but the party received only 33 seats in the elections. When former Defense Minister Moshe Arens resigned, Shalom succeeded him as an MK.
As a young MK, his first bill was in the academic field. In 1992 there was room for only 100,000 university students, with no space for more. Shalom acted to allow all students to be accepted once others left their academic institutions at the end of their first year. His bill increased awareness about the problem and, as a result, Israeli colleges were established to expand access to academic studies. In 2010, for the first time, more students were enrolled in colleges than universities. Shalom, during his first term, was the first male MK to be a member of the Knesset's committee on the status of women. He was also the chairman of the subcommittee regarding the capital market, chairman of the subcommittee of energy and a member of the economic affairs committee.
Deputy Defense Minister
Following the 1996 election, Shalom, who won the 18th spot in the combined list of Likud and two other conservative parties, became Deputy Defense Minister, Yitzhak Mordechai. One of his biggest achievements was enabling Hareidi Jews to serve in the army, a step that they had been avoiding for decades. The Hareidi battalion, "Netzah Yehuda", was established on February 1999.
Minister of Science
After a rotation with MK Michael Eitan, Shalom, on July 13, 1998, became Minister of Science. During his year in office he created the "science flowers" project, which helped universities reach Israel's periphery and helped underprivileged students excel. Another main project Shalom was involved in was in expanding Internet and broadband access in Israel and as a result, surfing speed.
MK in the opposition (1999–2001)
In the 1999 election, the Likud party, headed by the widely unpopular prime minister at the time, Benjamin Netanyahu, was running against the Labor party, headed by Ehud Barak. Labor won 26 seats in the Knesset, while Likud received only 19 seats and lost the election. After Labor gained power in 1999 and following Netanyahu's resignation, Shalom, became number one on the Likud list and became part of the opposition, led by Ariel Sharon.
Shalom was the runner-up to Netanyahu for party leadership in late 2005 and was granted the second spot on the Likud list to the 2006 general election and thus did not compete in its January 11, 2006 primaries. He was placed seventh on the party's list for the 2009 elections.
Shalom, as Energy Minister, led an Israeli delegation to Abu Dhabi on renewable energy in January 2014. The visit was controversial, as the United Arab Emirates does not maintain diplomatic relations with Israel and no Israeli leaders had traveled there since the assassination of Mahmoud al-Mabhouh in 2010.
Following the 2015 elections Shalom was appointed Interior Minister and Vice Prime Minister.
Sexual harassment allegations
On 24 March 2014, a woman complained that Shalom sexually harassed her at work more than 15 years before. The police investigation was closed several months later by the Attorney General, Yehuda Weinstein, since the statute of limitations had already passed. That woman was joined by two other former employees who accused him of touching them against their will. All three alleged he had cornered them on various occasions and tried to kiss them. One women said she was once summoned to a Jerusalem hotel room, where Shalom was staying, only to find him waiting for her on the bed, wearing nothing but a bathrobe. Another said, "He kissed me against my will, and when I tried to get away, he chased me into the bathroom." The third woman said that during one of their meetings, Shalom "told me he's had intimate thoughts about me for years and that he wanted to see me outside the office."
In late 2015, new allegations were made by 11 women, triggering Shalom's announcement on 21 December that he would withdraw from public life and resign. Shalom denied all the allegations. "For some 23 years, I have served the public with determination and faith as an MK and a minister in various offices out of a feeling I was fulfilling a mission and a desire to advance important social and public goals, but I have had enough of the torment inflicted on me and my family," Shalom said in a statement announcing his resignation. "My family supports me, but there is no justification for the price they've had to pay." He will be replaced by Amir Ohana as member of Knesset.
- Clinton, Daniel; Hoffman, Gil (December 21, 2015). "Shalom resigns amid sexual misconduct allegations; to be replaced by first gay Likud MK". Jerusalem Post. Retrieved December 21, 2015.
- "Knesset Member Silvan Shalom". Knesset. Retrieved 17 September 2012.
- Israel asks pope to open up WWII archives
- "Israel in first UAE visit since murder of Hamas al-Mabhouh". BBC Online. 16 January 2014. Retrieved 27 January 2014.
- Joshua Davidovich (19 January 2014). "Israeli delegation at Abu Dhabi meet puts UAE on defensive". The Times of Israel. Retrieved 27 January 2014.
- Tuchfeld, Mati; Saban, Itsik; Harel, Zvi; Cesana, Shlomo (December 21, 2015). "Interior minister resigns amid sexual misconduct allegations". Israel Hayom. Retrieved December 21, 2015.
- "Police question senior minister in sex assault claim". Times of Israel. March 25, 2014. Retrieved December 21, 2015.
- Lior, Ilan (21 December 2015). "Likud's First Openly Gay Lawmaker to Be Sworn in Following Silvan Shalom's Resignation". Haaretz. Retrieved 21 December 2015.
- Israel's royal couple