Silver Lake (Mojave)

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Silver Lake
Silver Lake 032405.jpg
Silver Lake after a flood in March 2005.
Location Mojave Desert
San Bernardino County, California
Coordinates 35°20′17″N 116°06′32″W / 35.3380°N 116.1089°W / 35.3380; -116.1089Coordinates: 35°20′17″N 116°06′32″W / 35.3380°N 116.1089°W / 35.3380; -116.1089
Type Endorheic basin
Primary inflows Mojave River
Primary outflows Terminal (evaporation)
Basin countries United States
Max. length 12 km (7.5 mi)
Max. width 5 km (3.1 mi)
Shore length1 30 km (19 mi)
Surface elevation 280 m (920 ft)
Settlements Baker, California
References U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Silver Lake
1 Shore length is not a well-defined measure.

Silver Lake is a dry lake bed in the Mojave Desert of San Bernardino County, California, along Interstate 15, 100 km (62 mi) northeast of Barstow.

History[edit]

Silver Lake, along with the adjacent Soda Lake, is what remains of Lake Mojave, a large, perennial lake that existed through the Holocene.

Geography[edit]

The Mojave River terminates at Soda Lake, but the river has flowed into Silver Lake in historic times (as recently as the very wet winter of 2004–2005). A channel that has been modified by humans exists between the lakes. The lake occasionally has water, but is usually dry.

Silver Lake does not have salt crusts, like Soda Lake does, because the groundwater is deeper. Salt crusts form from the repeated capillary rise of salty groundwater, followed by evaporation.

References[edit]

  • Philip Stoffer (14 January 2004). "Changing Climates and Ancient Lakes" (.html). Desert Landforms and Surface Processes in the Mojave National Preserve and Vicinity. Open-File Report 2004-1007. USGS, US Department of the Interior. Retrieved 2009-09-12. 
  • Philip Stoffer (14 January 2004). "Playas" (.html). Desert Landforms and Surface Processes in the Mojave National Preserve and Vicinity. Open-File Report 2004-1007. USGS, US Department of the Interior. Retrieved 2009-09-12. 
  • Philip Stoffer (14 January 2004). "The Mojave River and Associated Lakes" (.html). Desert Landforms and Surface Processes in the Mojave National Preserve and Vicinity. Open-File Report 2004-1007. USGS, US Department of the Interior. Retrieved 2009-09-12.