Silver Streak (film)
Film poster, artwork by George Gross
|Directed by||Arthur Hiller|
|Produced by||Thomas L. Miller
Edward K. Milkis
|Written by||Colin Higgins|
|Music by||Henry Mancini|
|Cinematography||David M. Walsh|
|Edited by||David Bretherton|
|Distributed by||20th Century Fox|
|Budget||$5.5 million or $6.5 million|
|Box office||$51.1 million|
Silver Streak is a 1976 American comedy-thriller film about a murder on a Los Angeles-to-Chicago train journey. It was directed by Arthur Hiller and stars Gene Wilder, Jill Clayburgh, and Richard Pryor, with Patrick McGoohan, Ned Beatty, Clifton James, and Richard Kiel in supporting roles. The film score is by Henry Mancini. This film marked the first pairing of Wilder and Pryor, who were later paired in three more films.
Book editor George Caldwell travels from Los Angeles to Chicago for his sister's wedding aboard a train called the Silver Streak. On board, George meets a vitamin salesman named Bob Sweet and a woman named Hilly Burns. Hilly works for Professor Schreiner, a well-known art historian who is on a publicity tour for his new book on Rembrandt.
George sees a dead body dangling outside the window and then falling away. But he is drunk and Hilly insists he must have imagined it. In the morning, he sees Schreiner's book, with the author's photo: he was the dead man. Inside the book is an envelope. Schreiner's killers are Johnson, Whiney, and Reace. George goes to Schreiner's room, and Reace throws him off the train. George meets a farmer and they overtake the train in her biplane.
George sees Hilly with Johnson (who is impersonating Schreiner), Whiney, and art dealer Devereau. Devereau apologizes to George for the "misunderstanding" involving Reace. After mentioning "the Rembrandt letters," Johnson says he will return to his room for a glass of scotch.
George goes to the club car and begins drinking, confiding in Sweet about his misadventure. Sweet reveals himself as an undercover FBI agent named Stevens. He confirms George's suspicions: the real Schreiner did not drink alcohol. Devereau is a criminal who passes himself off as an art expert, and Whiney, Reace, and Johnson work for him. His plan is to have Johnson, disguised as Scheiner, discredit the book that exposes Devereau for authenticating two forgeries as original Rembrandts. They find the envelope George saw. It contains letters written by Rembrandt, proving Devereau's guilt. But then Reace kills Stevens and goes after George. Their fight ends on the roof, where George kills Reace but is knocked to the ground by an overhanging signal.
On foot again, George finds the local sheriff, but is accused of murdering Stevens. He escapes, stealing a patrol car which was transporting thief Grover T. Muldoon. George and Grover work together to reach the train at Kansas City. Grover disguises George as a black man and he gets by police and reboards the train.
George is captured, but he and Hilly are rescued from Devereau's room by Grover, disguised as a steward. After a shootout, George and Grover jump off the train and are arrested and taken to a train station, where federal agent Donaldson explains that he planted the Stevens murder story to protect George. George tells Donaldson about Devereau's plan, and Donaldson arranges for the train to be stopped by his men. Meanwhile, Devereau burns the Rembrandt letters.
Once the train has stopped and the passengers are off, another shootout ensues. George boards the train a fourth time, with Grover, as Devereau climbs onto the locomotive and orders the engineer to start moving. An agent shoots Whiney, George shoots Johnson, and Devereau shoots the engineer and places a toolbox on the dead man's brake pedal. Devereau is then shot by Donaldson, falls, and is hit by an oncoming train.
Devereau and his men are gone, but with no one alive on the locomotive and the pedal depressed, the train is running away. Devereau's men had also disabled the emergency brakes. With the help of a steward, George uncouples the passenger cars from the engine. The engine roars into the station, smashes through the end-of-track barrier, and into the terminal, destroying everything in its path. Grover steals a sports car and drives away, and George and Hilly leave together.
- Gene Wilder as George Caldwell
- Jill Clayburgh as Hildegarde "Hilly" Burns
- Richard Pryor as Grover T. Muldoon
- Patrick McGoohan as Roger Devereau
- Ned Beatty as Bob Sweet / FBI Agent Stevens
- Clifton James as Sheriff Oliver Chauncey
- Ray Walston as Edgar Whiney
- Scatman Crothers as Porter Ralston
- Len Birman as Chief Donaldson
- Lucille Benson as Rita Babtree
- Stefan Gierasch as Professor Schreiner and Johnson
- Valerie Curtin as Plain Jane
- Richard Kiel as Reace
- Fred Willard as Jerry Jarvis
- Henry Beckman as Conventioneer
Colin Higgins' script was sent out to auction. It was set on an Amtrak train and Paramount were interested, but wanted Amtrak to give their approval. Alan Ladd Jr and Frank Yablans at 20th Century Fox didn't want to wait and bought the script for a then-record $400,000. Ladd said "It was like the old Laurel and Hardy comedies. The hero is Laurel, he falls off the train, stumbles about, makes a fool of himself, but still gets the pretty girl. Audiences have identified with that since Buster Keaton. Colin Higgins wanted George Segal for the hero but we felt it should be Gene Wilder. He's younger, more identifiable for the younger audience. And he's so average,so ordinary, and he gets caught up in all these crazy adventures."
The film grossed over $51 million at the box office and was praised by critics, including Roger Ebert. It maintains an 88% approval rating at Rotten Tomatoes. Gene Siskel of the Chicago Tribune, however, called the film "a needlessly convoluted mystery yarn, which calls everyone's identity into question except Wilder's." Siskel, who gave the film just two stars, added that "the story isn't easy to follow" and that "I'm still not sure whether Clayburgh's character, secretary to Devereaux, was in on the hustle from the beginning."
Awards and honors
- Academy Award nomination: Best Sound (Donald O. Mitchell, Douglas O. Williams, Richard Tyler, Harold M. Etherington)
- Golden Globe nomination: Best Actor (Musical/Comedy) – Gene Wilder
- The film was chosen for the Royal Film Performance in 1977.
- In 2000, American Film Institute included the film in AFI's 100 Years...100 Laughs – #95.
Colin Higgins had said that the lead role was written for George Segal. He also stated the producers did not want Richard Pryor cast because Pryor had recently walked off The Bingo Long Traveling All-Stars & Motor Kings; he says the producer at one stage considered casting another black actor as a backup. However, Pryor was very professional during the shoot.
The film was the first collaboration between Gene Wilder and Richard Pryor. Pryor was a writer, and the original choice for "Black Bart" in the Mel Brooks film Blazing Saddles, which also starred Wilder. The two later went on to make Stir Crazy, See No Evil, Hear No Evil, and Another You together.
Although set in the United States on the fictional railroad "AMRoad" (loosely based on Amtrak), Silver Streak was filmed primarily in Canada (with the exception of Union Station in Los Angeles). All exterior train shots were filmed on the Canadian Pacific Railway in Alyth Yard, Calgary, Alberta, and Toronto; Amtrak reportedly backed out of the project due to disapproval of the scenes in which Caldwell accidentally bursts into Burns' bedroom while she is dressing, and the film's ending with the out-of-control train crashing through the terminal in Chicago.
The scene with a de Havilland Tiger Moth biplane being flown to catch up with the train was shot in southern Alberta. The scene shows an old woman flying; it was actually the current owner of the plane, a man. The plane was painted with a water-soluble "silver" paint to cover its original colors—white overall, with an orange strip down the sides and orange leading edges.
Scenes of Midwestern US landscapes appear behind train layouts and many action shots (as the protagonist and allies battle the villains on and off the train, and get thrown off or jump on and off the moving trains) to add narrative integrity to the fictional location. Most of the interior station scenes set both in Kansas City and Chicago actually show different parts of Toronto's Union Station, except for a brief sequence immediately prior to the crash, where the train is rapidly approaching a bumper at the end of the line. That sequence was filmed from a Hi-Rail truck entering the Chicago and North Western Railway's downtown Chicago terminal.
The train set was so lightly disguised as the fictional "AMRoad" that the locomotives and cars still carried their original names and numbers, along with the easily identifiable CPR Action Red paint scheme, as well as the CP "Multimark" logo. At the start of the climactic shootout, a CPR EMD switcher is seen moving cars in the background. As the train enters the "Chicago" platform area, a Canadian National Turbotrain with a red nose and white body boarding passengers is clearly visible. Most of the cars are still in revenue service on Via Rail. CP 4070, the lead locomotive, is in Quebec, though long out of service, and the second unit, CP 4067, has been scrapped.
Score and soundtrack
- "Main Title"
- "Hilly's theme" (Jazz version)
- "Runaway train"
- "This Is Terrific"
- "Something for Jill"
- "Bye Bye Professor Lie Down George"
- "On to Kansas (reprise of Hilly's Theme)" (instrumental version)
- "Scenic Route" Source music (untitled)
- "The Fun of Flying" (variation of Main theme)
- "Club Car Rock"
- "Sneaky George"
- "I'll Try"
- "Gold Teeth"
- "Son of This Is Terrific"
- "Pure Pussy"
- "Scenic Route"
- "Shoe Shine"
- "Men's Room Rock"
- "The Swirl Effect"
- "End Title"
- "Internet Movie Poster Awards: Silver Streak". IMP Awards. Retrieved 21 August 2016.
- What Makes Alan Ladd Jr. Hollywood's Hottest Producer? By CHARLES HIGHAM. New York Times (1923-Current file) [New York, N.Y] 17 July 1977: 61.
- Aubrey Solomon, Twentieth Century Fox: A Corporate and Financial History, Scarecrow Press, 1989 p258
- "Silver Streak, Box Office Information". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved January 23, 2012.
- Vincent Canby (1976-12-09). "'Silver Streak' Tarnishes on a Tiring Film Trip". The New York Times. Retrieved 2012-02-19.
- Rotten Tomatoes: Silver Streak
- Wilder, Gene (December 23, 1976). "Plot derails murky 'Silver Streak'". Chicago Tribune. p. 1.
- "The 49th Academy Awards (1977) Nominees and Winners". oscars.org. Retrieved 2011-10-03.
- "AFI's 100 Years...100 Laughs" (PDF). American Film Institute. Retrieved August 22, 2016.
- HIGGINS: WRITER-DIRECTOR ON HOT STREAK Goldstein, Patrick. Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) [Los Angeles, Calif] 24 Jan 1981: b15.
- Soundtrack.net/Top Soundtracks of 2002
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