Silver chlorate

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Silver(I) chlorate
Silver(I) chlorate
Other names
chloric acid silver salt
3D model (JSmol)
ECHA InfoCard 100.029.122
EC Number 232-034-9
Molar mass 191.319 g/mol
Appearance white crystals
Density 4.443 g/cm3, solid
Melting point 230 °C (446 °F; 503 K)
Boiling point 250 °C (482 °F; 523 K) (decomposes)
slightly soluble
Solubility soluble in water and ethanol alcohol
NFPA 704
Flammability code 0: Will not burn. E.g., water Health code 2: Intense or continued but not chronic exposure could cause temporary incapacitation or possible residual injury. E.g., chloroform Reactivity code 1: Normally stable, but can become unstable at elevated temperatures and pressures. E.g., calcium Special hazard OX: Oxidizer. E.g., potassium perchlorateNFPA 704 four-colored diamond
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Infobox references

Silver chlorate (AgClO3) forms white, tetragonal crystals.[1][2] Like all chlorates, it is water-soluble and an oxidizing agent. As a simple metal salt, it is a common chemical in basic inorganic chemistry experiments. It is light-sensitive, so it must be stored in tightly closed dark-coloured containers.

The substance exhibits blasting properties, therefore it is sometimes use as a primary explosive.

Silver(I) means silver is in its normal +1 oxidation state.


Silver chlorate is produced by the reaction of silver nitrate with sodium chlorate to produce both silver chlorate and sodium nitrate.

Alternatively, it may be produced by the transmission of chlorine through a suspension of silver oxide.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Náray-Szabó, St. v.; Pócza, J. (January 1942). "Die Struktur des Silberchlorats AgClO3". Zeitschrift für Kristallographie - Crystalline Materials (in German). 104 (1). doi:10.1524/zkri.1942.104.1.28. 
  2. ^ Deshpande, Vilas; Suryanarayana, S V; Frantz, C (December 1982). "Tetragonal to cubic phase transition in silver chlorate". Bulletin of Materials Science. 4 (5): 563–568. doi:10.1007/BF02824963.