Silver fruit-eating bat

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Silver fruit-eating bat
Dermanura quadrivittatum.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Chiroptera
Family: Phyllostomidae
Genus: Dermanura
Species:
D. glauca
Binomial name
Dermanura glauca
Thomas, 1893
Artibeus glaucus map.svg
Synonyms

Artibeus glaucus, Thomas 1893

The silver fruit-eating bat (Dermanura glauca) is a South American bat species of the family Phyllostomidae.[2]

Description[edit]

The silver fruit-eating bat is a small bat, measuring only 4 to 6 cm (1.6 to 2.4 in) in head-body length and weighing 10 to 14 g (0.35 to 0.49 oz). It has dark brown fur which varies little over the body, with faint stripes of paler fur above each eye. Unlike many closely related species found in the same area, the edges of the ears and nose-leaf are said to be bright yellow in colour.[3]

Distribution and biology[edit]

Silver fruit-eating bats are found across the northern Andes, from Colombia to Bolivia. They inhabit lowland to mid altitude forested terrain between 200 and 2,000 m (660 and 6,560 ft). They feed on fruits found in the canopy of tropical to temperate forests and roost under cut leaves of banana or palm trees during the day. They breed throughout the year, but with two distinct peaks.[3][1]

There are no recognised subspecies, although this was not the case prior to 2008, when the Bogota fruit-eating bat (Dermanura bogotensis), of Venezuela and the Guianas, was raised to full species status.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Sampaio, E., Lim, B. & Peters, S. (2015). "Dermanura glauca". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2016.1. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 9 July 2016.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
  2. ^ Simmons, N.B. (2005). "Order Chiroptera". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M (eds.). Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 312–529. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC 62265494.
  3. ^ a b Ortega, J.; et al. (December 2015). "Artibeus glaucus (Chiroptera: Phyllostomidae)". Mammalian Species. 47 (298): 107–111. doi:10.1093/mspecies/sev011.
  4. ^ Lim, B.K.; et al. (December 2008). "Systematic review of small fruit-eating bats (Artibeus) from the Guianas, and a re-evaluation of A. glaucus bogotensis". Acta Chiropterologica. 10 (2): 243–256. doi:10.3161/150811008X414827.