3D model (JSmol)
|Molar mass||153.87 g/mol|
|Appearance||colorless to yellow crystals|
|Melting point||140 °C (284 °F; 413 K)|
|0.155 g/100 mL (0 °C) |
0.275 g/100 mL (15 °C)
1.363 g/100 mL (60 °C)
|Solubility||insoluble in ethanol|
|Safety data sheet||Sigma-Aldrich|
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
Silver nitrite has many applications. Notable examples include:
- The production of aniline compounds.
- General oxidizing agent.
- Victor Meyer type nucleophilic substitution reactions with organobromides or organoiodides forming nitro compounds.
- Nitroalkene synthesis with nitryl iodide generated in-situ from silver nitrite and elemental iodine.
Silver nitrite is produced from the reaction between silver nitrate and an alkali nitrite, such as sodium nitrite. Silver nitrite is much less soluble in water than silver nitrate, and a solution of silver nitrate will readily precipitate silver nitrite upon addition of sodium nitrite:
- AgNO3 (aq) + NaNO2 (s) → NaNO3 (aq) + AgNO2 (precipitate)
- American elements
- Kornblum, N.; Ungnade, H. E. (1958). "1-NITROÖCTANE" (PDF). Organic Syntheses. 38: 75. Retrieved 6 January 2014.
- Waldman, Steve; Monte, Aaron, Monte; Bracey, Ann & Nichols, David (1996). "One-pot Claisen rearrangement/O-methylation/alkene isomerization in the synthesis of ortho-methoxylated phenylisopropylamines". Tetrahedron Letters. 37 (44): 7889–7892. doi:10.1016/0040-4039(96)01807-2. Retrieved 4 January 2014.