Silver nitrite

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Silver nitrite
Names
IUPAC name
silver;nitrite
Identifiers
3D model (Jmol)
ChemSpider
ECHA InfoCard 100.029.128
EC Number 232-041-7
Properties
AgNO2
Molar mass 153.87 g/mol
Appearance colorless to yellow crystals
Melting point 140 °C (284 °F; 413 K)
0.155 g/100 mL (0 °C)
0.275 g/100 mL (15 °C)
1.363 g/100 mL (60 °C)
Solubility insoluble in ethanol
−42.0·10−6 cm3/mol
Hazards
Safety data sheet Sigma-Aldrich
not listed
NFPA 704
Flammability code 0: Will not burn. E.g., water Health code 2: Intense or continued but not chronic exposure could cause temporary incapacitation or possible residual injury. E.g., chloroform Reactivity code 2: Undergoes violent chemical change at elevated temperatures and pressures, reacts violently with water, or may form explosive mixtures with water. E.g., phosphorus Special hazards (white): no codeNFPA 704 four-colored diamond
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
Infobox references

Silver nitrite is an inorganic compound with the formula AgNO2.[1]

Applications[edit]

Silver nitrite has many applications. Notable examples include:

Production[edit]

Silver nitrite is produced from the reaction between silver nitrate and an alkali nitrite, such as sodium nitrite.[2] Silver nitrite is much less soluble in water than silver nitrate, and a solution of silver nitrate will readily precipitate silver nitrite upon addition of sodium nitrite:

AgNO3 (aq) + NaNO2 (s) → NaNO3 (aq) + AgNO2 (precipitate)

Alternatively, it can be produced by the reaction between silver sulfate and barium nitrite.

References[edit]

  1. ^ American elements
  2. ^ a b Kornblum, N.; Ungnade, H. E. (1958). "1-NITROÖCTANE" (PDF). Organic Synthesis. 38: 75. Retrieved 6 January 2014. 
  3. ^ Waldman, Steve; Monte, Aaron, Monte; Bracey, Ann & Nichols, David (1996). "One-pot Claisen rearrangement/O-methylation/alkene isomerization in the synthesis of ortho-methoxylated phenylisopropylamines". Tetrahedron Letters. 37 (44): 7889–7892. doi:10.1016/0040-4039(96)01807-2. Retrieved 4 January 2014.