Silver sulfate

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Silver sulfate
Skeletal formula of silver sulfate
Sample of silver sulfate
Names
IUPAC name
Silver sulfate
Other names
disilver sulfate
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
ChemSpider
ECHA InfoCard 100.030.581
EC Number 233-653-7
UNII
UN number 3077
Properties
Ag2SO4
Molar mass 311.79 g·mol−1
Appearance Colorless crystals
Odor Odorless
Density 5.45 g/cm3 (25 °C)
4.84 g/cm3 (660 °C)[1]
Melting point 652.2–660 °C (1,206.0–1,220.0 °F; 925.4–933.1 K)[1][5]
Boiling point 1,085 °C (1,985 °F; 1,358 K)[3][5]
0.57 g/100 mL (0 °C)
0.69 g/100 mL (10 °C)
0.83 g/100 mL (25 °C)
0.96 g/100 mL (40 °C)
1.33 g/100 mL (100 °C)[2]
1.2·10−5[1]
Solubility Dissolves in aq. acids, alcohols, acetone, ether, acetates, amides[2]
Insoluble in ethanol[3]
Solubility in sulfuric acid 8.4498 g/L (0.1 molH2SO4/LH2O)[2]
25.44 g/100 g (13 °C)
31.56 g/100 g (24.5 °C)
127.01 g/100 g (96 °C)[3]
Solubility in ethanol 7.109 g/L (0.5 nEtOH/H2O)[2]
Solubility in acetic acid 7.857 g/L (0.5 nAcOH/H2O)[2]
−9.29·10−5 cm3/mol[1]
nα = 1.756
nβ = 1.775
nγ = 1.782[4]
Structure
Orthorhombic, oF56[4]
Fddd, No. 70[4]
2/m 2/m 2/m[4]
a = 10.2699(5) Å, b = 12.7069(7) Å, c = 5.8181(3) Å[4]
α = 90°, β = 90°, γ = 90°
Thermochemistry
131.4 J/mol·K[1]
200.4 kJ/mol[1]
−715.9 kJ/mol[1]
−618.4 J/mol·K[1]
Hazards
GHS pictograms The corrosion pictogram in the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS)The environment pictogram in the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS)[6]
GHS signal word Danger
H318, H410[6]
P273, P280, P305+351+338, P501[6]
NFPA 704
Flammability code 0: Will not burn. E.g., water Health code 2: Intense or continued but not chronic exposure could cause temporary incapacitation or possible residual injury. E.g., chloroform Reactivity code 1: Normally stable, but can become unstable at elevated temperatures and pressures. E.g., calcium Special hazards (white): no codeNFPA 704 four-colored diamond
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
YesY verify (what is YesYN ?)
Infobox references

Silver sulfate (Ag2SO4) is an ionic compound of silver used in silver plating and as a non-staining substitute to silver nitrate. This sulfate is stable under ordinary conditions of use and storage, though it darkens upon exposure to air or light. It is minimally soluble in water.

Preparation[edit]

Silver sulfate is prepared by adding sulfuric acid to a solution of silver nitrate:

AgNO3(aq) + H2SO4(aq) = AgHSO4(aq) + HNO3(aq)

2 AgHSO4(aq) <=> Ag2SO4(s) + H2SO4(aq) reversible reaction

The precipitate is then washed with hot water and preparation is under ruby red illumination.

Silver(II) sulfate[edit]

The synthesis of silver(II) sulfate (AgSO4) with a divalent silver ion instead of a monovalent silver ion was first reported in 2010[7] by adding sulfuric acid to silver(II) fluoride (HF escapes). It is a black solid that decomposes exothermally at 120 °C with evolution of oxygen and the formation of the pyrosulfate.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Lide, David R., ed. (2009). CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics (90th ed.). Boca Raton, Florida: CRC Press. ISBN 978-1-4200-9084-0. 
  2. ^ a b c d e Seidell, Atherton; Linke, William F. (1919). Solubilities of Inorganic and Organic Compounds (2nd ed.). New York: D. Van Nostrand Company. pp. 622–623. 
  3. ^ a b c Anatolievich, Kiper Ruslan. "silver sulfate". http://chemister.ru. Retrieved 2014-07-19.  External link in |website= (help)
  4. ^ a b c d e Morris, Marlene C.; McMurdie, Howard F.; Evans, Eloise H.; Paretzkin, Boris; Groot, Johan H. de; Hubbard, Camden R.; Carmel, Simon J. (1976-06). "13". Standard X-ray Diffraction Powder Patterns. 25. Washington: Institute for Materials Research National Bureau of Standards.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  5. ^ a b c "MSDS of Silver sulfate". https://www.fishersci.ca. Fisher Scientific, Inc. Retrieved 2014-07-19.  External link in |website= (help)
  6. ^ a b c Sigma-Aldrich Co., Silver sulfate. Retrieved on 2014-07-19.
  7. ^ Malinowski, P.; Derzsi, M.; Mazej, Z.; Jagličić, Z.; Gaweł, B.; Lasocha, W.; Grochala, W. (2010). "Ag(II)SO(4): A Genuine Sulfate of Divalent Silver with Anomalously Strong One-Dimensional Antiferromagnetic Interactions". Angewandte Chemie International Edition in English. 49 (9): 1683–1686. doi:10.1002/anie.200906863. PMID 20084660. 
Salts and esters of the sulfate ion
H2SO4 He
Li2SO4 BeSO4 B esters
ROSO3
(RO)2SO2
(NH4)2SO4
[N2H5]HSO4
(NH3OH)2SO4
NOHSO4
HOSO4 F Ne
Na2SO4
NaHSO4
MgSO4 Al2(SO4)3
Al2SO4(OAc)4
Si P SO42−
HSO3HSO4
(HSO4)2
Cl Ar
K2SO4
KHSO4
CaSO4 Sc2(SO4)3 TiOSO4 VSO4
V2(SO4)3
VOSO4
CrSO4
Cr2(SO4)3
MnSO4 FeSO4
Fe2(SO4)3
CoSO4 NiSO4 CuSO4
Cu2SO4
[Cu(NH3)4(H2O)]SO4
ZnSO4 Ga2(SO4)3 Ge As Se Br Kr
RbHSO4
Rb2SO4
SrSO4 Y2(SO4)3 Zr(SO4)2 Nb Mo Tc Ru Rh PdSO4 Ag2SO4 CdSO4 In2(SO4)3 SnSO4 Sb2(SO4)3 Te I Xe
Cs2SO4 BaSO4   Hf Ta W Re Os Ir Pt Au Hg2SO4
HgSO4
Tl2SO4
Tl2(SO4)3
PbSO4 Bi2(SO4)3 Po At Rn
Fr Ra   Rf Db Sg Bh Hs Mt Ds Rg Cn Nh Fl Mc Lv Ts Og
La Ce2(SO4)3
Ce(SO4)2
Pr2(SO4)3 Nd Pm Sm Eu Gd Tb Dy Ho Er Tm Yb2(SO4)3 Lu
Ac Th Pa U(SO4)2
UO2SO4
Np Pu Am Cm Bk Cf Es Fm Md No Lr