Silverman–Toeplitz theorem

An infinite matrix ${\displaystyle (a_{i,j})_{i,j\in \mathbb {N} }}$ with complex-valued entries defines a regular summability method if and only if it satisfies all of the following properties:
{\displaystyle {\begin{aligned}&\lim _{i\to \infty }a_{i,j}=0\quad j\in \mathbb {N} &&{\text{(Every column sequence converges to 0.)}}\\[3pt]&\lim _{i\to \infty }\sum _{j=0}^{\infty }a_{i,j}=1&&{\text{(The row sums converge to 1.)}}\\[3pt]&\sup _{i}\sum _{j=0}^{\infty }\vert a_{i,j}\vert <\infty &&{\text{(The absolute row sums are bounded.)}}\end{aligned}}}