Simón Bolívar International Airport (Venezuela)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Maiquetía Airport

Aeropuerto Internacional de Simón Bolívar
Maiquetiaairport.jpg
Summary
Airport typePublic
Owner/OperatorInstituto Autónomo del Aeropuerto Internacional de Maiquetía
ServesCaracas, Venezuela
LocationMaiquetía
Hub for
Elevation AMSL235 ft / 72 m
Coordinates10°36′11″N 066°59′26″W / 10.60306°N 66.99056°W / 10.60306; -66.99056Coordinates: 10°36′11″N 066°59′26″W / 10.60306°N 66.99056°W / 10.60306; -66.99056
Websiteaeropuerto-maiquetia.com.ve
Map
SVMI is located in Venezuela
SVMI
SVMI
Location of airport in Venezuela
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
10/28 3,610 11,483 Asphalt
09/27 3,270 9,930 Asphalt
Statistics (2022)
Total passengers5,414,396

Simón Bolívar International Airport or Maiquetía "Simón Bolívar" International Airport (IATA: CCS, ICAO: SVMI, Spanish: Aeropuerto Internacional de Maiquetía "Simón Bolívar")[1] is an international airport located in Maiquetía, Vargas, Venezuela, about 21 kilometres (13 mi) west of downtown Caracas, the capital of the country. Simply called Maiquetía by the local population, it is the main international air passenger gateway to Venezuela. It handles flights to destinations in the Americas, Europe and the Middle East.

History[edit]

The airport opened in 1945 as the Aeropuerto Internacional de Maiquetía.[2] The site had been recommended as an appropriate location for an airport by Charles Lindbergh on behalf of Pan Am.[3] The USA subsidised the construction of the airport as part of the Airport Development Program. Luis Malaussena was the architect who designed the original passenger terminal.[4]

It was regularly visited by the Anglo-French supersonic airliner Concorde until the 1980s. Commencing in the late 1970s, Air France operated weekly Concorde service between Caracas and Paris via a stop at Santa Maria Airport located in the Atlantic Ocean.[5]

Between 1952 and 1962, two new wings were added to the passenger terminal, and the runway was expanded to 2,000 metres (6,600 ft). Lighting was installed on the runway and approach zones to allow night operations. In 1956 a new runway was built, and in 1962, it was expanded to 3,000 metres (9,800 ft) long by 60 metres (200 ft) wide.

In the 1970s a new international terminal was constructed to offer increased capacity with a domestic terminal opening in 1983. Since 2000, the airport has been undergoing major changes in order to meet international standards and to improve passenger traffic, security, immigration areas, and customs areas. Security measures have become top priority since the September 11, 2001 attacks, and now departure areas and arrival areas are completely split into the lower and upper levels of the airport. The Proyecto Maiquetía 2000 (Project Maiquetia 2000) was completed in 2007 which added new customs and immigration areas, a new cargo terminal, and a connecting passageway between the domestic and international terminal.

As part of an expansion plan, new international gates are currently in construction, and a section of the parking area has been cleared to build an airport hotel. In the 1950s under the regime of Marcos Pérez Jiménez, road transport between the airport and the capital was improved by the inauguration of the Caracas-La Guaira highway. However, the La Guaira and Caracas Railway, dating from the nineteenth century, was closed. In May 2007 a maglev train was proposed to link Caracas to La Guaira and Simón Bolívar International Airport. In light of the crisis in Venezuela since 2010, the maglev train is not expected to be operational soon. In 2016, the old jetways in the international terminal were replaced with new glass-walled jetways.

Crisis in Venezuela[edit]

During the ongoing crisis in Bolivarian Venezuela, domestic airlines are laboring under tremendous difficulties because of hyperinflation and parts shortages. Many international airlines have left the country.[6] International airlines that have left Venezuela include Aeroméxico, Aerolíneas Argentinas, Air Canada, Alitalia, Avianca, Delta Air Lines, Lufthansa, LATAM, and United Airlines, making travel to the country difficult. According to the International Air Transport Association (IATA), the Bolivarian government has not paid US$3.8 billion to international airlines in a currency issue involving conversion of local currency to U.S. dollars.[7] Airlines have left for other reasons, including crime against flight crews, stolen baggage, and problems with the quality of jet fuel and maintenance of runways.[8]

Following the increasing economic partnership between Venezuela and Turkey in October 2016, Turkish Airlines started offering direct flights from December 2016 connecting between Caracas to Istanbul (via Havana, Cuba) in an effort to "link and expand contacts" between the two countries.[9]

By 2018, terminals in the airport lacked air conditioning and utilities such as water and electricity. Flight crews are often sent to different cities to avoid crime that occurs in the area. The company charged with providing sanitation services ceased to exist, so cleaning no longer occurs as frequently at the facility. The Bolivarian National Guard, tasked with providing security, often extorts travelers by force.[10]

In support of President Nicolas Maduro's government, Russian Air Force aircraft, including Tupolev Tu-160 bombers, were deployed to the airport in early December 2018.[11] In March 2019, two Russian planes were deployed to the airport carrying 100 troops and 35 tonnes of matériel.[12] The Russian planes left the country 3 months later on 26 June 2019, according to the Russian embassy announcement.[13]

American Airlines, the last U.S. airline serving Venezuela, left on 15 March 2019, after its pilots refused to fly to Venezuela, citing safety issues.[14] Two months later, the United States Department of Transportation and Department of Homeland Security indefinitely suspended all flights between Venezuela and the United States, due to safety and security concerns.[15] The suspension affects mainly Venezuelan airlines that flew to Miami: Avior Airlines, LASER Airlines, and Estelar Latinoamerica.

Iranian airline Mahan Air (blacklisted by the U.S. government since 2011[16]) began direct flights to Caracas in April 2019,[17] "signifying a growing relationship between the two nations".[16] This route was later terminated.

Following the COVID-19 pandemic, the government announced on 3 February 2020 that the country has imposed epidemiological surveillance, restrictions and diagnostic systems to detect possible COVID-19 cases at this airport and that Venezuela will receive a diagnostic kit for the virus strain from the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO).[18]

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Passenger[edit]

The following airlines operate regular scheduled passenger flights at Simón Bolívar International Airport:

AirlinesDestinations
AeroCaribe[19] Los Roques
Aerolineas Estelar[20] Barinas,[21] El Vigía, Maturín, Panama City–Tocumen, Porlamar, Puerto Ordaz, Santo Domingo del Táchira
Air Europa[22] Madrid
Avior Airlines[23] Barcelona (VE), Barquisimeto, El Vigía, Las Piedras,[24] Maracaibo, Porlamar, Puerto Ordaz, Santo Domingo–Las Américas
Conviasa[25] Barinas, Bogotá (begins September 26, 2022),[26] Buenos Aires–Ezeiza (suspended), Canaima, Cancún, Cumaná, Doha (begins November 18, 2022),[27] El Vigía, Guangzhou,[28] Guayaquil, Havana, La Fría, Las Piedras, Lima, Los Roques, Madrid, Maracaibo, Maturín, Mexico City/AIFA, Moscow–Vnukovo, Panama City–Tocumen, Porlamar, Puerto Ayacucho, Puerto Ordaz, Quito, Santa Cruz de La Sierra–Viru Viru, Santiago de Chile (suspended), Santo Domingo–Las Américas, Santo Domingo del Táchira, St. Vincent–Argyle, Tehran–Imam Khomeini
Copa Airlines[29] Panama City–Tocumen
Iberia Madrid (resumes October 31, 2022)[30]
LASER Airlines[31] Barcelona (VE), El Vigía, La Fría, Maracaibo, Maturín, Panama City–Tocumen, Porlamar, Puerto Ordaz, Santo Domingo–Las Américas
Plus Ultra Líneas Aéreas[32] Madrid, Tenerife–North (resumes November 26, 2022)[33]
RUTACA Airlines[34] Barcelona (VE), Maracaibo, Porlamar, Puerto Ordaz, Punta Cana, Santo Domingo del Táchira
TAP Air Portugal[35] Lisbon
Turkish Airlines[36] Istanbul
Turpial Airlines[37]Valencia (VE)
Venezolana[38] Barcelona (VE), Barquisimeto, Las Piedras, Maracaibo, Panama City–Tocumen, Porlamar, Santo Domingo–Las Americas
Wingo Bogotá (begins October 4, 2022)[39]

Cargo[edit]

AirlinesDestinations
Aerosucre Bogotá[40]
Líneas Aéreas Suramericanas Bogotá[41]

Chronology of former international flights[edit]

Aerial view
View of the international terminal apron
Customs and immigration area

Since 2014, foreign and domestic carriers have reduced and/or terminated their presence due to political instability and their inability to recover US$3.8 billion[42] in funds owed to airlines. For fear of safety, some carriers have avoided overnight flight crews in Caracas, choosing to make a stop in a nearby country instead.[10][43] The chronology of terminations is as follows:[44]

Airline Destination Flight frequency Terminated/Suspended
Aerolíneas Argentinas Argentina Buenos Aires–Ezeiza 1 flight per week 5 August 2017
Aeroméxico Mexico Mexico City 3 flights per week 23 June 2016
Air Canada Canada Toronto–Pearson 4 flights per week 18 March 2014
Air France France Paris–Charles de Gaulle ? 24 September 2020
Alitalia Italy Rome–Fiumicino 1 flight per week 3 April 2015
American Airlines Puerto Rico San Juan–LMM Daily flights 1 July 2014
United States Dallas–Fort Worth 1 flight per week 1 July 2014
United States New York–JFK 5 flights per week 4 April 2016
United States Miami 2 flights per day 15 March 2019
Avianca Colombia Bogotá 3 flights per day 27 July 2017
Avianca Costa Rica Costa Rica San Jose de Costa Rica Daily flights 7 April 2014
Caribbean Airlines Trinidad and Tobago Port of Spain 1 flight per week ?
Delta Air Lines United States Atlanta Daily flights 16 September 2017
Dynamic Airways United States Fort Lauderdale–Hollywood Daily flights 13 August 2016
United States New York–JFK 2 flights per week 1 August 2017
Gol Transportes Aéreos Brazil São Paulo–Guarulhos 1 flight per week 10 February 2016
Insel Air Curaçao Willemstad, Curaçao Daily flights 7 June 2017
LATAM Brasil Brazil São Paulo–Guarulhos 1 flight per week 28 May 2016
LATAM Chile Chile Santiago 2 flights per week 1 August 2016
United States Miami 1 flight per week 1 August 2016
LATAM Perú Peru Lima 1 flight per week 1 August 2016
Lufthansa Germany Frankfurt 3 flights per week 17 June 2016
TAME Ecuador Quito via Colombia Bogotá 4 flights per week 3 February 2018
United Airlines United States Houston–Intercontinental Daily flights 30 June 2017

Statistics[edit]

Movements 2016 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004
International ≈650,000 2,253,471 2,699,244 3,222,000 3,415,214 3,552,781 3,909,470 4,081,752 3,668,783 3,251,037 3,224,981
Total - 5,822,225 6,956,178 6,430,000 7,511,843 7,830,688 8,073,461 7,722,268 7,373,053 7,032,719 6,772,583
Source: WTO (2016),[10] IAIM[citation needed]

Other facilities[edit]

From 1960 to 1997, it was the main hub for Viasa, Venezuela's former flag carrier until it went bankrupt. It was also the hub for Avensa, Servivensa. Conviasa started operation in 2004, hoping to become in a big and leader airline, and flag carrier. However, due to financial crisis in Venezuela, several pilots quit and are leaving Conviasa in order to fly to other nations like Turkey which operates the same type of aircraft.[45][46] The headquarters of Conviasa is located on the airport grounds.[47]

Accidents and incidents[edit]

  • On 27 November 1956, Linea Aeropostal Flight 253, a Lockheed Constellation, crashed while on final approach to Caracas Airport. All 25 passengers and crew on board were killed.[48]
  • On 12 December 1968, Pan Am Flight 217, crashed while on approach to Caracas. All 51 passengers and crew on board were killed.
  • On 3 December 1969, Air France Flight 212 crashed shortly after takeoff from Simón Bolívar International Airport. All 62 passengers and crew on board were killed.[49]
  • On 3 November 1980, a Latin Carga Convair CV-880 crashed on take-off from the airport, resulting in the deaths of 4 occupants, and total destruction of the aircraft. The aircraft involved, registration YV-145C, had flown from 1962 to January 1974 for Delta Air Lines of the United States and was retired by that airline, then sold to Latin Carga in 1979.[50]
  • On 16 October 2008, a RUTACA Airlines Boeing 737 went out of the runway while braking for arrival at 3:30 PM. It was flying from San Antonio de Tachira with 44 people. No one was killed or injured.
  • On 16 May 2021 a TAP cargo flight to Lisbon, Portugal was prevented from departing after the Bolivarian National Guard (GNB) identified 124 bars of cocaine in the fuselage. A GNB sergeant fled the scene when the drugs were discovered.[51]

In popular culture[edit]

The airport is shown in the 1981 movie Menudo: La Película, when a pair of Menudo's friends board a flight during the film's final scenes. The airport is also shown in the 1975 French film Le Sauvage starring Catherine Deneuve and Yves Montand, as several soap-opera and movie key scenes were filmed at the airport.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Aeropuerto Internacional de Maiquetía "Simón Bolívar" (official website)" (in Spanish). Retrieved 5 June 2013.
  2. ^ Vías hacia la modernización 1935/1958. Historia de Venezuela en Imágenes. 1999
  3. ^ "Informe de Gestión 2004" (PDF). 30 December 2008. Archived from the original (PDF) on 30 December 2008. Retrieved 25 March 2019.
  4. ^ "Web Page Under Construction". www.eud.com.
  5. ^ http://www.timetableimages.com, Summer 1977 Air France system timetable
  6. ^ Buitrago, Deisy and Fabián Andrés Cambero (6 July 2018). "Venezuela's domestic airline industry suffers amid economic crisis". Reuters. Retrieved 8 April 2019.
  7. ^ Mandel, Eric (1 August 2017). "Delta pulling last direct flight from Atlanta to Venezuela". Atlanta Business Chronicle. Retrieved 24 May 2019.
  8. ^ Tanzi, Christine Jenkins (9 August 2017). "Why airlines hate flying to Venezuela". Bloomberg. Retrieved 8 April 2019.
  9. ^ "Turkish Airlines starts direct Istanbul-Havana-Caracas flights". EFE. 20 December 2016. Retrieved 25 May 2019.
  10. ^ a b c "Venezuela Is Collapsing. So Is Its Biggest Airport". CityLab. 12 June 2018. Retrieved 15 June 2018.
  11. ^ Isachenkov, Vladimir; Burns, Robert (10 December 2018). "Russia sends 2 nuclear-capable bombers to Venezuela". Sightline Media Group. Russia’s Defense Ministry said a pair Tu-160 bombers landed at Maiquetia airport outside Caracas on Monday following a 10,000-kilometer (6,200-mile) flight. [...] It added that a heavy-lift An-124 Ruslan cargo plane and an Il-62 passenger plane accompanied the bombers to Maiquetia.
  12. ^ "Russian air force planes land in Venezuela carrying troops: report". Reuters. 24 March 2019. Retrieved 24 March 2019.
  13. ^ "Russia to withdraw military 'technicians' from Venezuela on Wednesday: embassy". AFP. 26 June 2019. Retrieved 19 July 2019.
  14. ^ "American Airlines suspends flights to Venezuela over safety concerns". NBC News. Associated Press. 15 March 2019. Retrieved 8 April 2019.
  15. ^ "US suspends all flights to Venezuela citing safety and security". ABC News. 15 May 2019. Retrieved 18 May 2019.
  16. ^ a b Suarez Sang, Lucia I (8 April 2019). "US-blacklisted Iranian airline begins direct flights to Venezuela". FOX News. Retrieved 8 April 2019.
  17. ^ "Mahan Air inaugura vuelo directo entre Irán y Venezuela" [Mahan Air inaugurates direct flight between Iran and Venezuela]. NTN 24 (in Spanish). 8 April 2019. Retrieved 8 April 2019.
  18. ^ "Venezuela imposes entry restrictions over coronavirus". Prensa Latina (English). 3 February 2019. Retrieved 4 February 2019.
  19. ^ aerocaribe.aero - Itinerario retrieved May 2022
  20. ^ flyestelar.com - Itinerario retrieved 5 December 2021
  21. ^ "Estelar Adds Caracas – Barinas Service From April 2022". Aeroroutes. Retrieved 12 April 2022.
  22. ^ aireuropa.com retrieved 23 October 2021
  23. ^ avior.com.ve - Traveler's guide retrieved 5 December 2021
  24. ^ "Venezuela: Avior Airlines announces flights to Falcón State starting in June". Aviacionaldia.com. 11 May 2022. Retrieved 15 May 2022.
  25. ^ conviasa.aero retrieved 5 December 2021
  26. ^ "Conviasa retoma sus vuelos entre Caracas y Bogotá después de 5 años". Aviacionline.com (in Spanish). Retrieved 20 September 2022.
  27. ^ "Conviasa adds Doha to its network". Aviacionline.com. 6 July 2022. Retrieved 11 July 2022.
  28. ^ @LAConviasa (1 July 2022). "¡Nos vamos a China! A partir del 30 de julio activamos nuestro vuelo comercial Caracas - Guangzhou. Adquiere tu boleto en conviasa.aero o en cualquiera de las agencias de viajes autorizadas" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  29. ^ copaair.com - Timetables retrieved 5 December 2021
  30. ^ "Aseguran que Iberia retomaría vuelos a Venezuela a partir del 30 de octubre". 21 July 2022.
  31. ^ laserairlines.com - ITINERARIOS retrieved 5 December 2021
  32. ^ plusultra.com retrieved 5 December 2021
  33. ^ "Aerolínea Plus Ultra reiniciará vuelos entre Caracas y Tenerife (+tarifas)". Banca y Negocios (in Spanish). 27 May 2022.
  34. ^ flyrutaca.com - Destinos retrieved 5 December 2021
  35. ^ - TAP Air Portugal resumes flights to Caracas
  36. ^ turkishairlines.com - Current Flight Plan retrieved 5 December 2021
  37. ^ turpialairlines.com - Itinerario
  38. ^ venezolana.aero - Itinerario retrieved 5 December 2021
  39. ^ "Wingo Adds Bogota – Caracas Service From Oct 2022". Aeroroutes. Retrieved 22 September 2022.
  40. ^ "Rutas". Aerosucre.com (in Spanish). Retrieved 7 March 2022.
  41. ^ lascargo.co - Vuelos e Itinerarios (Spanish) retrieved 29 August 2021
  42. ^ "Delta Air Lines cuts last flight to Venezuela - Atlanta Business Chronicle". Archived from the original on 3 August 2017.
  43. ^ "Iberia changes its non-stop Caracas route with a stop in Santo Domingo, citing safety concerns - Airways Magazine". Airways Magazine. 3 August 2017. Archived from the original on 4 August 2017.
  44. ^ "Aerolíneas Argentinas Temporarily Suspend Flights to Caracas, Venezuela - Airways Magazine". Live and Let's Fly - Boarding Area. 2 August 2017. Archived from the original on 3 August 2017.
  45. ^ "Pilotos de Conviasa renuncian por bajos sueldos". www.entornointeligente.com.
  46. ^ Sumarium, Grupo. "Renunciaron en Conviasa 15 pilotos por bajos sueldos - Sumarium". Archived from the original on 14 August 2016. Retrieved 12 August 2016.
  47. ^ "Sede Principal" (in Spanish). Conviasa.[permanent dead link]
  48. ^ Harro Ranter (27 November 1956). "ASN Aircraft accident Lockheed L-749-79 Constellation YV-C-AMA Caracas Airport (CCS)". Retrieved 3 June 2015.
  49. ^ "ASN Aircraft accident Boeing 707-328B F-BHSZ Caracas-Simon Bolivar Airport".
  50. ^ Harro Ranter (3 November 1980). "ASN Aircraft accident Convair CV-880-22-2 YV-145C Caracas-Simon Bolivar Airport (CCS)". Retrieved 3 June 2015.
  51. ^ "Authorities search for sergeant involved in attempted drug trafficking on TAP plane". The Portugal News. 6 May 2021. Retrieved 6 May 2021.

External links[edit]