Sim Var

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Sim Var
17th Prime Minister of Cambodia
In office
24 April 1958 – 10 July 1958
Monarch Norodom Suramarit
Preceded by Penn Nouth
Succeeded by Norodom Sihanouk
In office
26 July 1957 – 11 January 1958
Monarch Norodom Suramarit
Preceded by Norodom Sihanouk
Succeeded by Ek Yi Oun
Ambassador of Cambodia to Japan
In office
1970 – 17 April 1975
Appointed by Lon Nol
Minister for Foreign Affairs
In office
1957–1958
Succeeded by Penn Nouth
Personal details
Born 2 February 1906
Tbuong Khmum, Kampong Cham, Cambodia
Died 12 October 1989 (aged 83)[1]
Paris, France
Political party Democratic
Spouse(s) Ma Prakob (m. 1962; div.)
Yoko Kawada[2]

Sim Var (Khmer: ស៊ឹម វ៉ា; 2 February 1906 – 12 October 1989) was a Cambodian politician. He served as Prime Minister of Cambodia from July 1957 to January 1958. Together with Chhean Vam and Ieu Koeus, he co-founded the Democratic Party in April 1946. A nationalist,[2] Sim Var opposed the French rule over Cambodia and led opposition movements with other nationalists. Sim Var was Cambodia's Ambassador to Japan during the 1970s.[1]

Background[edit]

Sim Var was born in 1906 in the Kompong Cham district of Tbuong Khmom (now a province) to a family of farmers. He was one of the first Cambodian nationalists. He co-founded the Democratic Party in 1946 alongside fellow nationalists Chhean Vam and Ieu Keous, with the purpose of leading a democratic movement against the French protectorate. He also co-founded the first newspaper in Cambodia in 1939 along with Pach Chheun and Son Ngoc Thanh, known as "Nokor Wat". In February 1947, Var was under arrest along with 16 other Democrats by French authorities over accusations of being a member of a pro-Japanese group that opposes the French rule of Cambodia.[2] He was sent to Prey Nokor for nine months from March to November 1947 and finally to Kompong Cham until his release in 1948. He became Prime Minister in 1957 and served just under one year until 1958 due to economic issues.[1]

In 1962, he married a woman from Siem Reap named Ma Prakob and gave birth to a son and a daughter. The couple formally divorced years later. He later served as Cambodia's envoy to Japan in the Lon Nol government and married a Japanese woman there, named Yoko Kawada.[2] Var was believed to be involved in the coup that overthrew Norodom Sihanouk.[3] He took refuge in Paris during the Khmer Rouge rule of Cambodia until his death on 12 October 1989 at the age of 83.

He was Soth Polin's Uncle.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Sim Var, Ex-Cambodian Premier, 85". The New York Times. 18 October 1989. Retrieved 9 April 2014. 
  2. ^ a b c d "Sim Var (1906-1989)". nationalrescueparty.org. Retrieved 9 April 2014. 
  3. ^ http://guides.library.yale.edu/content.php?pid=238135&sid=2215715
Political offices
Preceded by
Norodom Sihanouk
Prime Minister of Cambodia
1957–1958
Succeeded by
Ek Yi Oun
Preceded by
Penn Nouth
Prime Minister of Cambodia
1958
Succeeded by
Norodom Sihanouk