Sima Zhen

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Sima Zhen
Traditional Chinese 司馬貞
Simplified Chinese 司马贞

Sima Zhen (Chinese: 司馬貞; Wade–Giles: Ssu-ma Chen; 679–732), courtesy name Zizheng (Tzu-cheng; 子正), was a Tang dynasty Chinese historian born in what is now Jiaozuo, Henan.

Sima Zhen was one of the most important commentators on the Shiji.[1] His commentary is known as the Shiji Suoyin (史記索隱), which means "Seeking the Obscure in the Grand Scribe's Records".[2]


  1. ^ Durrant, Stephen W. The Cloudy Mirror: Tension and Conflict in the Writings of Sima Qian. SUNY Press. p. xx. 
  2. ^ Zhu, Dongrun (1940). Sima Zhen Shiji Suoyin Shuolie. Chengdu: Kaiming Shudian. pp. 141–163. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Schwaab-Hanke, Dorothee, Why did Sima Zhen want to correct the Shiji's account of High Antiquity? Paper submitted to the IJSCS Conference 'Thought, Body, Culture. New Approaches to Chinese Historical Studies', to be held at the National Ts'ing-hua University, Hsinchu, Taiwan, Nov. 12-14, 2004. Click here for her preliminary draft.

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