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Simcha (Hebrew: שִׂמְחָהśimḥāʰ; Hebrew pronunciation: [simˈχa], Yiddish pronunciation: [ˈsɪmχə]) is a Hebrew word that means gladness, or joy, and is often used as a given name.


The concept of simcha is an important one in Jewish philosophy. A popular teaching by Rabbi Nachman of Breslov, a 19th-century Chassidic Rabbi, is "Mitzvah Gedolah Le'hiyot Besimcha Tamid," it is a great mitzvah (commandment) to always be in a state of happiness. When a person is happy they are much more capable of serving God and going about their daily activities than when depressed or upset.[1]

Jews often use simcha in its capacity as a Hebrew and Yiddish noun meaning festive occasion. The term is used for any happy occasion, such as a wedding, Bar Mitzvah, Brit Milah or engagement.


The day of Simchat Torah, "Rejoice in the Law", which marks the completion and beginning of the annual cycle of reading the Torah.

Other uses[edit]

Simcha is also the name of a kosher beer from Saxony, Germany.[2] It was also a slang term used in Jewish-American organized crime circles to refer to a pimp.[3]


Simcha is also used as a given name, for men or women. In the Ashkenazi Jewish tradition, the name Simcha is most likely to be used for a boy, while in the Sephardic/Israeli tradition it would be a girl's name.

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