Simeiz

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Simeiz
Сімеїз
Flag of Simeiz
Flag
Coat of arms of Simeiz
Coat of arms
Simeiz is located in Crimea
Simeiz
Simeiz
Location of Simeiz within the Crimea
Coordinates: 44°24′21″N 33°59′24″E / 44.40583°N 33.99000°E / 44.40583; 33.99000Coordinates: 44°24′21″N 33°59′24″E / 44.40583°N 33.99000°E / 44.40583; 33.99000
Country Russia/Ukraine[1]
Republic Crimea
Municipality Yalta Municipality
Local council Simeiz
Elevation 100 m (300 ft)
Population (2014)
 • Total 2,604
Time zone MSK (UTC+4)
Postal code 98680 — 98682
Area code(s) +380-654
Climate Cfb

Simeiz (Ukrainian: Сімеїз, Russian: Симеи́з, Crimean Tatar: Simeiz) is a resort town, an urban-type settlement in Yalta Municipality in the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, a territory recognized by a majority of countries as part of Ukraine and incorporated by Russia as the Republic of Crimea. Its name is of Greek origin (σημαία 'flag' + -εις, a plural suffix). The town is located by the southern slopes of the main range of Crimean Mountains at the base of Mount Koshka, 18 kilometers (11 mi) west from Yalta. Population: 2,604 (2014 Census).[2]

History[edit]

There are prehistoric dolmens and fortifications nearby; in the Middle Ages the area was under the control of the Byzantine Empire, which built a fortified monastery in the vicinity (and may have given the town its name). As the Byzantine power weakened, the area fell under the control of Genoa, which in its turn gave way to the Ottoman Empire; under the Ottomans the village was ruled from Mangup. By 1778, with the departure of the Christian population, the village was depopulated.

Villa Kseniya in Simeiz

In 1828 Simeiz came into the ownership of Ivan Akimovich Maltsov, who planted grapevines and fruit orchards; at the start of the 20th century his descendants created a resort, Novy Simoiz, which quickly became one of the most prestigious resorts in the Crimea. This period saw the construction of a park and a number of villas which remain to this day. In 1912 Nicholas II visited with his family. After the October Revolution, Simeiz was nationalized and public sanatoriums were created, mainly specializing in tuberculosis. In 1927 Simeiz was visited by around 10,000 people.

During World War II the Germans occupied Simeiz, causing much death and destruction; the town was liberated by the Red Army on April 16, 1944. On May 18 of that year the local Crimean Tatars were exiled to Central Asia. After the war, the resort experienced a rebirth, and the ruins were gone by 1955. Since the end of the Soviet Union, however, it has seriously deteriorated.

Demographics[edit]

The population has risen from 622 in 1926 (431 Crimean Tatars, 119 Russians, 31 Greeks, 25 Ukrainians) to 3,501 in 2001.

Famous residents[edit]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Simeiz
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Daily mean °C (°F) 1.4
(34.5)
2.0
(35.6)
4.4
(39.9)
10.2
(50.4)
15.1
(59.2)
19.2
(66.6)
21.8
(71.2)
21.3
(70.3)
17.2
(63)
12.2
(54)
7.8
(46)
4.1
(39.4)
11.39
(52.51)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 64
(2.52)
48
(1.89)
41
(1.61)
35
(1.38)
38
(1.5)
51
(2.01)
43
(1.69)
42
(1.65)
40
(1.57)
40
(1.57)
52
(2.05)
74
(2.91)
568
(22.35)
Source: Climate-data.org[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ This place is located on the Crimean Peninsula, most of which is the subject of a territorial dispute between Russia and Ukraine. According to the political division of Russia, there are federal subjects of the Russian Federation (the Republic of Crimea and the federal city of Sevastopol) located on the peninsula. According to the administrative-territorial division of Ukraine, there are the Ukrainian divisions (the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the city with special status of Sevastopol) located on the peninsula.
  2. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2014). "Таблица 1.3. Численность населения Крымского федерального округа, городских округов, муниципальных районов, городских и сельских поселений" [Table 1.3. Population of Crimean Federal District, Its Urban Okrugs, Municipal Districts, Urban and Rural Settlements]. Федеральное статистическое наблюдение «Перепись населения в Крымском федеральном округе». ("Population Census in Crimean Federal District" Federal Statistical Examination) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved January 4, 2016. 
  3. ^ "Climate-data.org: Climate: Simeiz". Retrieved 10/09/2016.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)

External links[edit]