Simeon Booker

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Simeon Booker
Simeon Booker.jpg
Booker in an undated photo
Born Simeon Saunders Booker Jr.
(1918-08-27)August 27, 1918
Baltimore, Maryland, U.S.
Died December 10, 2017(2017-12-10) (aged 99)
Solomons, Maryland, U.S.
Alma mater Virginia Union University
Occupation Journalist
Spouse(s) Carol Booker (until his death)

Simeon Saunders Booker Jr. (August 27, 1918 – December 10, 2017) was an African-American journalist whose work appeared in leading news publications for more than 50 years. He was known for his journalistic works during the civil rights movement and for his coverage of the 1955 murder of 14-year-old Emmett Till. He worked for The Washington Post, Jet, and Ebony.

Early years[edit]

Born in Baltimore, Maryland, to Simeon Saunders Booker and Roberta Waring Booker,[1] Booker moved with his family to Youngstown, Ohio, when he was five years old.[2] There, his father opened a YMCA for African-Americans.[3]

While a high school student in Youngstown, some of Booker's stories were published in the Baltimore Afro American, a prominent African American newspaper.[4]

Education[edit]

Booker graduated from high school in Youngstown and then enrolled at Youngstown College, but transferred to Virginia Union University in Richmond, Virginia, when he learned that Black students were denied activity cards at the YMCA-sponsored school.[3] He earned money during college by providing publicity for Virginia Union's sports teams.[3] He graduated from Virginia Union with a degree in English in 1942.[2]

Early career[edit]

Booker returned to Youngstown during summer vacations and published articles about the Negro league baseball games there.[3] Upon graduating with a degree in English, he took his first job with the Afro-American.[2] Booker later returned to Ohio and worked for the Cleveland Call and Post, where a series he wrote concerning slum housing earned him a Newspaper Guild Award.[5] Booker was offered a prestigious Nieman Fellowship at Harvard University in 1950–51.[4]

Journalistic career[edit]

In 1952, Booker became the first black reporter for The Washington Post.[4] Booker was best known for his reporting during the civil rights movement while working for Jet and Ebony magazines.[2] His coverage of the 1955 murder of 14-year-old Emmett Till in Mississippi and the subsequent trial is one of the most noted pieces of journalism from the era.[3] Booker retired in 2007 at the age of 88, after serving as Jet's Washington Bureau chief for 51 years.[6][7]

During his long career, Booker was recognized by his peers with numerous awards, including a Wilkie Award.[6] In 1982, he became the first African-American journalist to win the National Press Club's Fourth Estate Award for lifetime contributions to journalism.[7][8]

On January 17, 2013, Booker was inducted into the National Association of Black Journalists' Hall of Fame.[9] In 2015, he was awarded the George Polk Career Award.[10]

In February 2017, 17 members of the U.S. House of Representatives introduced a bipartisan bill nominating Booker for a Congressional Gold Medal.[11][12]

Death[edit]

Booker died on December 10, 2017, in Solomons, Maryland, from pneumonia-related complications, at the age of 99.[2] He is survived by his wife Carol and three children.[5] A memorial service for Booker will be held on January 29, 2018, in Washington National Cathedral.[13]

Published books[edit]

  • Shocking the Conscience: A Reporter's Account of the Civil Rights Movement (University Press of Mississippi, April 2013)[14]
  • Susie King Taylor, Civil War Nurse (McGraw-Hill, June 1969)[15]
  • Black Man's America (Prentice-Hall, 1964)[16]

References[edit]

  1. ^ McFadden, Robert D. (December 10, 2017). "Simeon Booker, Pioneering Reporter on Race Issues, Dies at 99". The New York Times. Retrieved May 31, 2018. 
  2. ^ a b c d e Langer, Emily (December 10, 2017). "Simeon Booker, intrepid chronicler of civil rights struggle for Jet and Ebony, dies at 99". The Washington Post. Retrieved December 10, 2017. 
  3. ^ a b c d e Franko, Todd (June 9, 2013). "He forced America to see what the white press dared not report". The Vindicator. Retrieved December 10, 2017. 
  4. ^ a b c Haygood, Wil (July 15, 2007). "The Man From Jet: Simeon Booker not only covered a tumultuous era, he lived it". The Washington Post. Retrieved December 10, 2017. 
  5. ^ a b Harris, Hamil (December 14, 2017). "In Memoriam: Life of Simeon Booker Jr". Baltimore Afro-American. Retrieved January 6, 2018. 
  6. ^ a b "Simeon Booker, 88, Retires From JET Magazine" Archived July 11, 2007, at the Wayback Machine., Johnson Publishing Company press release, January 23, 2007.
  7. ^ a b Lois Fiore, "Nieman Notes" Archived October 14, 2008, at the Wayback Machine., Nieman Reports (nieman.harvard.edu), Spring 2007.
  8. ^ "Programs & Events: NPC Award Winners Archived September 27, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.", National Press Club.
  9. ^ 2013 Hall of Fame Induction and Reception, National Association of Black Journalists; retrieved January 15, 2013.
  10. ^ Barron, James (February 14, 2016). "New York Times Journalists Among Winners of 2015 Polk Awards". The New York Times. Retrieved December 10, 2017. 
  11. ^ "Simeon Booker, 1982 Fourth Estate Awardee, nominated for Congressional Gold Medal". National Press Club. February 8, 2017. Retrieved December 10, 2017. 
  12. ^ "Simeon Booker, civil rights reporter and 1951 Nieman Fellow, nominated for Congressional Gold Medal". Nieman Foundation for Journalism. February 13, 2017. Retrieved December 10, 2017. 
  13. ^ Price, Richard (January 5, 2018). "Simeon Booker Services Set for National Cathedral". Journal-isms. Retrieved January 6, 2018. 
  14. ^ "An unforgettable chronicle by the first full-time African American reporter for the Washington Post, and Jet magazine's White House correspondent for a half-century". University Press of Mississippi. Retrieved December 10, 2017. 
  15. ^ "Susie King Taylor, Civil War Nurse by Simeon Booker". Kirkus Reviews. August 4, 1969. Retrieved December 10, 2017. 
  16. ^ "Simeon Booker". The HistoryMakers. August 1, 2007. Retrieved December 10, 2017. 

Further reading[edit]