|Location||South East Asia|
|Area||2,310 km2 (890 sq mi)|
|Highest elevation||567 m (1,860 ft)|
|Population||82,100 (2007 census)|
|Pop. density||35.5 /km2 (91.9 /sq mi)|
From the ethnic point of view the inhabitants of Simeulue are similar to the people of neighboring Nias Island. Two languages and a number of dialects are spoken on the island: Devayan and Sigulai, which are different from the languages spoken in the north of Sumatra. The majority of the island's population is Muslim.
2004 Indian Ocean earthquake
On 28 March 2005, an 8.7 magnitude earthquake struck with its epicenter just off the south end of the island. During the earthquake, Simeulue rose at least six feet on the western coast; this left the flat top of its coral reefs above high tide. On the east coast, the land was submerged, with seawater flooding fields and settlements.
Although Simeulue Island was only 60 kilometers from the epicenter, while Banda Aceh was about 250 kilometers, only six residents died while the remaining 70,000 persons were safe, due to local wisdom called 'smong'; this dictated that after an earthquake, if the tide suddenly receded, people should evacuate to higher ground as soon as possible.
- BPS Kabupaten Simeulue (2003). Simeulue Dalam Angka 2012. BadanPusatStatistik.Com. ISBN 0-0100-0021-6.
- Gibbons, Helen (April 2005) "Second Tsunami Causes Damage in Indonesia—USGS Scientists Post Observations on the World Wide Web" United States Geological Survey
- Saved by tsunami folklore, BBC News From Our Correspondent, 10 March 2007
- "Pulau Simeulue". October 13, 2013.
- Media related to Simeulue at Wikimedia Commons