Stranded boats and raised reefs at Busung, Gusong Bay, Simeulue, Indonesia, 8 April 2005
|• Total||2,051.48 km2 (792.08 sq mi)|
|• Density||41/km2 (110/sq mi)|
|Time zone||WIB (UTC+7)|
|Area code(s)||+62 650|
Simeulue Regency is a regency in the Aceh special region of Indonesia. It occupies the whole island of Simeulue (Pulau Simeulue), 150 km off the west coast of Sumatra, with an area of 2,051.48 square kilometres (792.08 square miles). It had a population of 80,674 at the 2010 Census; the latest official estimate (for January 2014) is 84,933.
With its isolated geographic location, Simeulue has not been affected by the turmoil of conflicts in mainland Aceh between the Indonesian government and the Free Aceh Movement (GAM). There has been no major GAM activity on the island.
The regency is divided into 8 districts (kecamatan).
The people of Simeulue are similar to the people in the neighboring Nias Island, speaking 3 languages (Devayan, Sigulai and Lekon) which are distinctly different from the languages spoken in mainland Aceh. The majority of the people of Simeulue are Muslim.
Simeulue was close to the epicenter of the 9.3 magnitude 26 December 2004 earthquake, but loss of life was surprisingly low, mainly because the people are familiar with earthquakes and tsunamis in this seismically active region and so knew to leave the coast after the earthquake. Local folklore has it that a huge earthquake and tsunami hit Simeulue in 1907, killing many of its inhabitants. Many died when they rushed to the beach after seeing the water recede, exposing the coral and fish. They went to collect the fish, not realizing that the water would come back. Those who survived told the story of the 1907 semong, the local word for tsunami, to their children. It is largely because of this oral history that many in Simeulue say that they knew what to do when the 26 December 2004 earthquake and tsunami struck. In the fishing village of Kariya Vhapi on the NW shore of Simuelue, the 26 December 2004 tsunami was approximately 2 m high when it went through the village completely destroying all buildings.
On 28 March 2005 an 8.7 magnitude stuck with its epicenter just off the south end of Simeulue Island. During the earthquake, Simeulue rose at least six feet on the western coast; this left the flat top of its coral reefs above high tide level leaving it dry and dead. On the east coast, the land was submerged, seawater flooding fields and settlements. At the village of Kariya Vhapi the 28 March 2005 tsunami was smaller than the one the previous December and did not damage the village; however it did overtop a 3.2 m high beach berm. In Sinabang the 28 March 2005 earthquake and subsequent fire destroyed 50 to 60 percent of the downtown area and significantly damaged the port facility. At Sinabang the uplift was less than further north being only 40 cm.
- Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011.
- BPS Kabupaten Simeulue (2003). Simeulue Dalam Angka 2012. BadanPusatStatistik.Com. ISBN 0-0100-0021-6.
- Syafwina Syafwina (2014). (The 4th International Conference on Sustainable Future for Human Security, SustaiN 2013). "Recognizing Indigenous Knowledge for Disaster Management: Smong, Early Warning System from Simeulue Island, Aceh". Procedia Environmental Sciences. 20: 573–82. Online reference in ScienceDirect.
- Brian G. McAdoo; Lori Dengler; Gegar Prasetya; Vasily Titov (2006). "Smong: How an Oral History Saved Thousands on Indonesia's Simeulue Island during the December 2004 and March 2005 Tsunamis". Earthquake Spectra:. 22 (S3 – June 2006): 661–69. doi:10.1193/1.2204966.
- "USGS Scientists in Sumatra Studying Recent Tsunamis". United States Geological Survey (USGS) – Western Coastal and Marine Geology (WCMG) report. 12 April 2005.
- Gibbons, Helen (April 2005) "Second Tsunami Causes Damage in Indonesia—USGS Scientists Post Observations on the World Wide Web" United States Geological Survey
- Saved by tsunami folklore, BBC News From Our Correspondent, 10 March 2007
- "Poster of the Simeulue, Indonesia Earthquake of 20 February 2008 – Magnitude 7.4". USGS – Earthquake Hazards Program. USGS Shakemap.
- "M 8.6 – off the west coast of northern Sumatra". USGS – Earthquake Hazards Program. 11 April 2012.