2014 Simferopol incident

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2014 Simferopol incident
Part of the Annexation of Crimea by the Russian Federation and the Ukraine Crisis
Date 18 March 2014
Location Simferopol, Crimea, Ukraine
Result

Ukrainian military base captured

Belligerents

Ukraine Ukrainian military

  • 13th photogrammetric center[1]
Russia Russian special forces (claimed by Ukraine, Independently verified)[2][3]
Autonomous Republic of Crimea Crimean Republic Self-Defense Forces
Right Sector snipers (claimed by Russia, denied by Right Sector)[2][3]
Commanders and leaders
Ukraine Colonel Andriy Andryushyn  Surrendered
(defected to Crimean Republic)[3]
Ukraine Serhiy Kokurin  
Russia Igor Girkin
Strength
20, including civilians[4] 15+[4] several
Casualties and losses
1 serviceman killed, 2 wounded, and 18 captured (later released) 1 killed, 3 wounded 1 captured (Russian claim)
Notes: Cause of deaths disputed[3][4]

On March 18, 2014,[5] a Ukrainian soldier and a Crimean self-defense trooper were killed in the first case of bloodshed during the Russian military intervention in Ukraine and the annexation of Crimea by the Russian Federation. During the attack, there supposedly was a militant from Right Sector, however Right Sector had officially stated (on 27 February 2014) that it did not have any intention to go to Crimea.[6]

None of the accounts of this event could be verified independently.[7] The Ukrainian and the Crimean authorities provided conflicting reports of the event.[8][8][9][9] The two casualties had a joint funeral attended by both Crimean and Ukrainian authorities. The event continues to be under investigation by both the Crimean authorities and the Ukrainian military.[10][11][12]

Ukrainian Version[edit]

Storming of Ukrainian Military Facility[edit]

On March 18, 2014, at 3 p.m, 15 masked gunmen attired in Russian uniforms without insignia, stormed the 13th Photogrammatic Center of the Central Military-Topographic and Navigation Administration in Simferopol, Crimea.[13][14] The base was administered by Ukrainian soldiers and had been completely surrounded by pro-Russian and Crimean Self-Defense troops since 13 March. Pro-Russian forces demanded that the garrison surrender the base or otherwise they will take the center with force.[1]

Although it is unclear how the incident initially began, reports emerged of a pro-Russian self-defense member attempting to scale a wall into the base compound, and being told to get back by Ukrainian guards. The argument escalated into live gunfire being exchanged by both sides and the storming of the base itself. However, civilian testimonies indicated seeing self-defense troops and militiamen preparing for a possible storming of the base prior any confrontation.

Soldier Serhiy Kokurin, a Ukrainian junior officer manning a watchtower overseeing a vehicle pool at the base, was fatally injured in the neck during the shoot-out. A second Ukrainian serviceman was shot in the neck and evacuated by several ambulances. The ambulances were granted entrance to the scene by self-defense troops, who sealed off the base to journalists. This death marked the first military fatality in the Russian takeover of Crimea. In addition to the officer, an ethnic Russian volunteer was reported killed per Crimean authorities, though it was unclear if he was killed by resisting Ukrainian troops or by accidental friendly fire (both were reported).

The storming followed with the takeover of the park located within the base's compound and the Ukrainian command center. According to civilians and journalists at the scene, a total of 15 unmarked soldiers, armed with shotguns and AK-47s, participated in the assault, supported by two military vehicles bearing the Russian flag.[15] A Ukrainian soldier on patrol at the park was beaten by self-defense soldiers with a pair of iron rods during the capture. The soldier's condition was reported as serious, according to military accounts.

Shooting continued until the Ukrainian commander, Colonel Andriy Andryushyn, was captured. He was taken hostage, along with several other soldiers, in order to gain entry into the base's nautical building, where the remaining Ukrainian personnel had barricaded themselves on the second floor, refusing to surrender. The Ukrainian commander was interrogated by Russian troops, and allegedly declared his defection to the "People of Crimea" afterwards.

Negotiations over the surrender of the nautical building, and the Ukrainian troops inside, continued until late Tuesday evening, when talks were met over their surrender. A total of 18 remaining Ukrainian soldiers were detained and placed under arrest by gunmen. The soldiers were placed in rows and had all identification marks, weapons, and money confiscated at the behest of Crimean police.[2][3][4][16][17] By 24 March, the remaining Ukrainian troops who had been captured during the altercation were freed, unharmed.

Government Reactions[edit]

Ukrainian interim prime minister Arseniy Yatsenyuk accused Russia of a war crime over the incident.[18] "Today, Russian soldiers began shooting at Ukrainian servicemen and this is a war crime without any expiry under a statute of limitations.”[19] Acting Ukrainian president Oleksandr Turchynov suggested that the Russian annexation of Crimea was moving from a political phase to a military phase, following the announcement of the death of a servicemen. He issued orders on the night of 18 March, allowing Ukrainian soldiers to use their weapons to defend themselves. The Ukrainian government released a statement declaring that the steps Russia was reminiscent to those taken by Nazi Germany and its annexations of territories before the start of World War 2.[19]

The Treaty on Accession of the Republic of Crimea to Russia was signed on the same day by Vladimir Putin and the self-declared Crimean republic, formally joining the independent Republic of Crimea to the Russian Federation as two federal subjects - the Republic of Crimea and the federal city of Sevastopol.[20]

International Reactions[edit]

British prime minister David Cameron said: "The steps taken by President Putin today to attempt to annexe Crimea to Russia are in flagrant breach of international law and send a chilling message across the continent of Europe. Russia will face more serious consequences and I will push European leaders to agree further EU measures."[18][19]

Russian Version[edit]

Alleged Right Sector Sniper[edit]

Russian media, citing Crimean police, reported that authorities had detained a 17-year-old nationalist Right Sector marksman from Western Ukraine in connection to the killings. Later, however, Crimean prosecutors denied detaining any gunmen, according to Interfax. "The information on the shooter's detention has not been confirmed. It is untrue. Unfortunately, no one has been detained yet," Natalia Boyarkina, press officer for the Crimean prosecutors, told Interfax-Ukraine on March 20.[21]

Igor Girkin participation[edit]

          "I was in charge of the only unit of Crimean militia, the spetsnaz company which carried out combat missions. But after the combat for cartography base when 2 people died (I was that battle's commander), the company was disbanded and its members parted."
(Russian: "Я командовал единственным подразделением крымского ополчения: рота специального назначения, которая выполняла боевые задачи. Но после боя за картографическую часть, когда двое погибло (а я этим боем командовал), рота была расформирована, люди разъезжались.")

Igor Girkin, Newspaper "Zavtra", 20 November 2014[22]

Igor Girkin, the commander of pro-Russian forces in the War in Donbass in 2014, admitted in his interview he gave on 20 November 2014, he was in charge of the Center's assault.[22]

Investigation by Crimean Prosecutor General[edit]

The Crimean Prosecutor General Natalia Poklonskaya investigated the incident.

Initial Statement of Crimean Prosecutor General[edit]

The day after the incident, Poklonskaya reported that pre-trial investigation services had determined the following:

Several unarmed officials of the Russian Defense Ministry came to the Ukrainian military base to discuss cartography issues. This meeting had been agreed upon by both the base's Commander and Kiev. While they were inside the base, Crimean self-defence forces were shot outside the base.

A series of shots were fired both at Ukrainian soldiers and members of Crimean self-defence forces. There were victims on both sides: a Cossack self-defense soldier was killed, and another was injured. One Ukrainian soldier from the military base was killed and another was injured.

At the time of Poklonskaya's initial statement, the exact position and number of shooters were unknown.

The scene was examined by six investigation groups, including criminologists, detectives from the Crimean Republic attorney office, detectives from the main department of the Ministry of Internal Affairs [of Ukraine or Russia?], and members of related departments. Poklonskaya stated that according to these experts, the incident was very similar to the snipers' attacks on Maidan Nezalezhnosti, Kiev's central square, from February 18 to 21, 2014. Their goal was allegedly to provoke conflict between soldiers of the Ukraine and the Crimean Republic.

Several expert examinations were completed, including forensic medical examinations. Ballistic examinations were continuing, along with witness interviews.[citation needed]

Casualties[edit]

Ukraine[edit]

  • Ensign (Praporshchik) Serhiy Kokurinfatality (shot in the heart while on patrol)[4]
  • Captain Valentyn Fedun – wounded in the neck and arm[4]
  • Unidentified Ukrainian soldier – seriously injured in the head after blows from an iron bar[4]

Crimean Self-Defense Forces[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b [1]
  2. ^ a b c "Ukraine officer 'killed in attack on Crimea base". BBC News. March 18, 2014. Archived from the original on March 19, 2014. Retrieved March 19, 2014. 
  3. ^ a b c d e Polityuk, Pavel (March 18, 2014). "Ukraine Officer Shot Dead In Simferopol, Crimea". The Huffington Post. Reuters. Archived from the original on March 19, 2014. Retrieved March 19, 2014. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g Стало відоме прізвище застреленого в Криму українського прапорщика [It became known the last name of a shot Ukrainian ensign in Crimea] (in Ukrainian). UNIAN. March 18, 2014. Archived from the original on March 19, 2014. Retrieved March 18, 2014. 
  5. ^ Окупанти у Сімферополі вбили українського солдата [The invaders killed a Ukrainian soldier in Simferopol]. Gazeta.lviv.ua. March 18, 2014. Archived from the original on March 18, 2014. Retrieved March 26, 2014. 
  6. ^ The Right Sector will not participated to bring to order the situation in Crimea. Mirror Weekly. 27 February 2014
  7. ^ Ukraine officer 'killed in attack on Crimea base', BBC, March 19, 2014
  8. ^ a b "There was no immediate evidence that Russian soldiers were involved in Tuesday's incident, witnesses said."Ukrainian officer wounded in Crimea shooting: military spokesman, Yahoo! News, March 18, 2014
  9. ^ a b "None of the accounts can be independently confirmed." Ukraine officer 'killed in attack on Crimea base', BBC, March 19, 2014
  10. ^ a b "Joint Funeral" 'Ukraine's unlikeliest funeral: the only two foes to die in Russia's Crimea takeover are mourned together', Daily Telegraph, March 22, 2014
  11. ^ "Joint Funeral2" 'Opposing sides in Crimean conflict come together today for Simferopol funeral of two men killed, one Ukrainian, the other Russian', Kyiv Post, March 22, 2014
  12. ^ "Joint Funeral3" 'Funeral held for Crimea's first casualties', Agence France-Presse, March 22, 2014
  13. ^ В Симферополе российские военнослужащие штурмуют фотограмметрический центр ВС Украины, ранен в шею украинец [In Simferopol, Russian troops stormed the photogrammetric center of Ukrainian Armed Forces, a Ukrainian wounded in the neck] (in Russian). Interfax-Ukraine. March 18, 2014. Archived from the original on March 19, 2014. Retrieved March 18, 2014. 
  14. ^ March 19, 2014. Ukraine cries 'robbery' as Russia annexes Crimea. CNN. (Retrieved March 19, 2014).
  15. ^ Mezzofiore, Gianluca. "Ukrainian Navy Man 'Killed' as Russian Troops Storm Simferopol Military Base". International Business Times. Yahoo! News Network. Archived from the original on March 23, 2014. Retrieved March 23, 2014. 
  16. ^ "Ukraine suffers first Crimea casualty as conflict in 'military stage". Yahoo! News. March 18, 2014. Archived from the original on March 18, 2014. Retrieved March 19, 2014. 
  17. ^ "Shots fired in Crimea, Ukraine soldier killed". USA Today. Associated Press. March 18, 2014. Retrieved March 18, 2014. 
  18. ^ a b "Ukrainian serviceman killed hours after Putin signs Crimea annexation legislation". ABC News. Retrieved 2016-02-12. 
  19. ^ a b c "Ukraine says Crimea conflict 'moving to military phase'". The Irish Times. Retrieved 2016-02-12. 
  20. ^ Treaty on Accession of the Republic of Crimea to Russia Agreement on the accession of the Republic of Crimea to the Russian Federation signed kremlin.ru, accessed 23 January 2016
  21. ^ "Crimean prosecutors do not confirm info on Simferopol shooter detention". Interfax-Ukraine. March 20, 2014. Archived from the original on April 7, 2014. Retrieved April 2, 2014. 
  22. ^ a b Prokhanov, A. «Кто ты, «Стрелок»?» (Who are you, Shooter?) "Zavtra". 20 November 2014
  23. ^ правды», Анастасия МОРЫЛЕВА | Сайт «Комсомольской (2014-03-24). "Под Волгоградом похоронили Руслана Казакова, погибшего от рук снайпера в Симферополе". KP.RU - сайт «Комсомольской правды» (in Russian). Retrieved 2017-01-30. 
  24. ^ "Волгоградец Руслан Казаков, погибший в Крыму, награжден Орденом Мужества". www.vlg.aif.ru. Retrieved 2017-01-30.