Simiutaq Island

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Simiutaq
Nickname: Cruncher Island
Kangerlussuaq-fjord-mouth.jpg
Southern end of Simiutaq Island at the mouth of Kangerlussuaq Fjord
Simiutaq is located in Greenland
Simiutaq
Simiutaq
Geography
LocationDavis Strait
Coordinates66°04′00″N 53°32′30″W / 66.06667°N 53.54167°W / 66.06667; -53.54167Coordinates: 66°04′00″N 53°32′30″W / 66.06667°N 53.54167°W / 66.06667; -53.54167
Administration
Greenland
MunicipalityQeqqata

Simiutaq Island is a 13 km × 10 km (8.1 mi × 6.2 mi) uninhabited island in the Qeqqata municipality in western Greenland, located in the mouth of the long Kangerlussuaq Fjord.[1] It was also known informally as Cruncher Island.

Supply ships of Royal Greenland and cruise ships, such as Norway's Hurtigruten[2] sail into Kangerlussuaq Fjord south of the island. The fjord is navigable in its entire length, with the ships mooring at the Kangerlussuaq port, west of Kangerlussuaq Airport.[3] There are several small skerries in the mouth of the fjord, at the southern end of Simiutaq Island.

Geography[edit]

The island is located on the shores of Davis Strait, separated from the mainland by the Amerluunguaq Strait in the north, and by the main arm of the Kangerlussuaq Fjord in the southeast.[1] Its name is a generic Inuit name for an island at the head of a fjord. It should not be confused with Simiutaq (near Qaqortoq) in southwest Greenland.

Simiutaq is not an outlying island; it would have been a continuation of the landmass in the north were it not for the narrow and shallow Amerlunnguaq Strait, which branches to the west off Kangerlussuaq Fjord near the mouth of the latter. Simiutaq is roughly triangular in shape, mostly hilly, with low undulating plain in the north, and the highest point at 775 m (2,542.7 ft).[1][4]

Promontories[edit]

Direction Latitude N Longitude W
Northwestern Cape 66°05′10″ 53°40′45″
Eastern Cape 66°04′43″ 53°24′13″
Southern Cape 66°01′29″ 53°34′00″

Settlement[edit]

The closest settlement is Kangaamiut, located on a small island on the shores of Davis Strait, approximately 26 km (16 mi) south of the island.

Simiutaq Island seen from Davis Strait
The northern end of Simiutaq Island in the mouth of Kangerlussuaq Fjord, seen in bad weather from the Sarfaq Ittuk ship of Arctic Umiaq Line during the Sisimiut-Kangaamiut voyage alongside the coast of Davis Strait.

History[edit]

The "Cruncher Island" light and radio beacon, commonly referred to as Bluie West Nine (BW-9) during the time of American operation in Greenland during World War II, was a wartime radio communications facility located at 66°03′N 53°36′W / 66.050°N 53.600°W / 66.050; -53.600 (Bluie West 9) on Simiutak Island.[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Maniitsoq, Saga Map, Tage Schjøtt, 1992
  2. ^ Hurtigruten.co.uk Archived 2010-05-09 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ sisimiut.gl[permanent dead link]
  4. ^ "Simiutak". Mapcarta. Retrieved 3 August 2019.
  5. ^ "Joint Committee Annual Report 2011" (PDF). United States State Department. Retrieved 9 August 2014.