Simnas

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Simnas
City
Skyline of Simnas
Coat of arms of Simnas
Coat of arms
Simnas is located in Lithuania
Simnas
Simnas
Location of Simnas
Coordinates: 54°24′0″N 23°39′0″E / 54.40000°N 23.65000°E / 54.40000; 23.65000Coordinates: 54°24′0″N 23°39′0″E / 54.40000°N 23.65000°E / 54.40000; 23.65000
Country  Lithuania
Ethnographic region Dzūkija
County Alytus County flag.svg Alytus County
Municipality Alytus district municipality
Eldership Simnas eldership
Capital of Simnas eldership
First mentioned 17th century
Granted city rights 1626
Population (2011)
 • Total 1,514
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)

Simnas (About this sound pronunciation ) (Polish: Simno) is a city within the Alytus district municipality, Lithuania. It is located 23 km (14 mi) west of Alytus.

History[edit]

Simnas was first mentioned in written sources in 1494 as Simnas manor, owned by grand duke of Lithuania. In 1520 construction started of rennaissance styled Simnas Church, which is the oldest currently heritage listed building in Suvalkija.

In 1626 duke Sigismund Vasa granted Simnas Magdeburg rights which it lost in 1776. First parish school in the town was founded in 18th century, while 19th century seen Simnas rise as an important local merchant hub.

On September 12, 1941, 414 Jews were murdered: 68 men, 197 women and 149 children by an Einsatzgruppen in a mass execution. A memorial is built on the site of the massacre.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ atease.lt, Created atEase. "Holocaust Atlas of Lithuania". 

External links[edit]

Media related to Simnas at Wikimedia Commons