Simo, Finland

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Simo
Municipality
Simon kunta
Simo railway station
Simo railway station
Coat of arms of Simo
Coat of arms
Location of Simo in Finland
Location of Simo in Finland
Coordinates: 65°39.5′N 025°04′E / 65.6583°N 25.067°E / 65.6583; 25.067Coordinates: 65°39.5′N 025°04′E / 65.6583°N 25.067°E / 65.6583; 25.067
Country  Finland
Region Lapland
Sub-region Kemi–Tornio sub-region
Charter 1608/1865
Government
 • Municipal manager Esko Tavia
Area (2016-01-01)[1]
 • Total 1,447.35 km2 (558.82 sq mi)
 • Land 1,445.65 km2 (558.17 sq mi)
 • Water 639.89 km2 (247.06 sq mi)
Area rank 45th largest in Finland
Population (2016-03-31)[2]
 • Total 3,220
 • Rank 221st largest in Finland
 • Density 2.23/km2 (5.8/sq mi)
Population by native language[3]
 • Finnish 99.5% (official)
 • Swedish 0.1%
 • Others 0.4%
Population by age[4]
 • 0 to 14 17.9%
 • 15 to 64 61.2%
 • 65 or older 20.9%
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Municipal tax rate[5] 20.75%
Website www.simo.fi

Simo is a municipality located in the province of Lapland, Finland, about 50 kilometres (30 mi) from the Swedish border.

The municipality has a population of 3,220 (31 March 2016)[2] and covers an area of 1,447.35 square kilometres (558.82 sq mi) of which 639.89 km2 (247.06 sq mi) is water.[1] The population density is 2.23 inhabitants per square kilometre (5.8/sq mi). In 2001, Simo's debt per capita was 946.39 Euros.

Simo's three largest neighbouring towns are Oulu (198,804 inhabitants), Kemi (21,766 inhabitants) and Tornio (22,187 inhabitants). Some of the bigger neighbouring municipalities are Keminmaa (8,383 inhabitants) and Ii (9,689 inhabitants).[2]

History[edit]

Early History[edit]

The oldest residential areas of Simo are the Simonkylä and Maksniemi regions.[6] The oldest records of human habitation within Simo is found in the village of Simonkylä, which was occupied during the 1300s. In the 1500s the population of Simo began to grow as a result of migration, the population increased especially in the villages of Simonkylä and Simoniemi. Simo was known for its large farms and fishermen.

Development over the course of time[edit]

In the 1800s the population gradually began to expand along the beaches of the Simojoki river. In the year of 1865, a large municipal reform occurred in which the municipality, named Simo, received its actual limits, even though the area had long been referred to as Simoksi and the residents simolaisiksi.

Lapland War[edit]

During the Lapland War, the village of Maksniemi suffered serious damage. Bridges along the Simojoki river were blown up by the German forces, which is why for quite some time after the war Simojoki had to be crossed by ferry. The destruction of the connection that the bridges provided was important as it cut off the municipality of Simo from Finnish Highway Four.

Landscape[edit]

Simo is situated by the Bothnian Bay, at the mouth of river Simojoki. In Simo there is a rural landscape and also in the planning of the centre an attempt has been made to emphasise the nature vicinity. Simo consists of many small and vital village communities. Simo's sights include Simo's Church which was completed in 1846 during the late Empire time and light infantryman place with its statues which will be a memory from the war of independence when the route goes through Simo's wildernesses.

Islands within Simo[edit]

Islands within Simo are inclusive of Haahka, Halttari, Harvakari, Härkäletto, Junkiletto, Koivuluoto, Korkiakari, Kuralanletto, Laitakari, Lammasletto, Leipäre, Leipäreenkrunni, Lissabon, Louekari, Montaja, Munakari, Möyly, Oravainen, Paavonletto, Palokarinletto, Paskaletto, Pensasletot, Peurankallio, Pihlajakari, Pikku-Leipäre, Pirttisaari, Rajaletto, Saapaskari, Selkäkari, Selkäkarinmatala, Tiuranen, Tiurasenkalla, Tiurasenkrunni, Tynttyrit, Vatunki, Ykskivi and Ööperit.

School systems[edit]

Simo has three elementary schools, one secondary school and a high school. The nearest university is in Oulu.

Industry[edit]

In Simo there is no industry. In 2007–2011, Fennovoima considered to build a 1,500 to 2,500 megawatt nuclear power plant[7] in Karsikko and Laitakari.[8] However, Fennovoima announced in October 2011 that the power plant would be built at Pyhäjoki.[9]

Villages[edit]

The villages of Simo are inclusive of Alaniemi, Asemakylä, Hamari, Karisuvanto, Koivuoja, Maksniemi, Malininperä, Matala, Ojalanperä, Onkalonperä, Patokoski, Pömiö, Simoniemi, Simonkylä, Siperianperä, Soikko, Taininiemi, Viantie and Ylikärppä.

Notable individuals[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Population density by area 1.1.2016". Statistics Finland. Retrieved 12 February 2017. 
  2. ^ a b c "Ennakkoväkiluku sukupuolen mukaan alueittain, maaliskuu.2016" (in Finnish). Statistics Finland. Retrieved 31 March 2016. 
  3. ^ "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and land area km2 by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 March 2009. 
  4. ^ "Population according to age and gender by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 28 April 2009. 
  5. ^ "List of municipal and parish tax rates in 2011". Tax Administration of Finland. 29 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  6. ^ "RKY ι Museovirasto". www.rky.fi. Retrieved 2016-05-03. 
  7. ^ Reuters report, 11 March 2008
  8. ^ Fennovoima press release, 11 March 2008
  9. ^ "New nuclear reactor to be built at Pyhäjoki". YLE News. Helsinki: Yleisradio Oy. 5 October 2011. Retrieved 5 October 2011. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Simo at Wikimedia Commons