The Simoeis was a small river of the ancient Troad, having its source in Mount Ida, or more accurately in Mount Cotylus, which passed by Troy, joined the Scamander River below that city. This river is frequently spoken of in the Iliad, and described as a rapid mountain torrent. The river is also noted by the ancient geographers Strabo, Ptolemy, Stephanus of Byzantium, Pomponius Mela, and Pliny the Elder. Its present course is so altered that it is no longer a tributary of the Scamander, but flows directly into the Hellespont.
Like other river-gods, Simoeis was the son of Oceanus and Tethys. Simoeis had two daughters who were married into the Trojan royal family. One daughter, Astyoche, was married to Erichthonius, and the other daughter, Hieromneme was the wife of Assaracus.
"Come to my aid with all speed, fill your streams with water from your springs, stir up all your torrents, stand high in a great wave, and rouse a mighty roar of timbers and rocks, so we can stop this savage man who in his strength is raging like the gods." (Iliad, 21.311-15).
Before Simoeis could respond, Hephaestus was able to save Achilles by subduing Scamander with flame.
- Or Simoïs
- Richard Talbert, ed. (2000). Barrington Atlas of the Greek and Roman World. Princeton University Press. p. 56, and directory notes accompanying.
- Homer. Iliad. Vol. 4.475, 5.774, 12.22, 21.308.
- Strabo. Geographica. Vol. xiii. p.597. Page numbers refer to those of Isaac Casaubon's edition.
- Ptolemy. The Geography. Vol. 5.2.3.
- Stephanus of Byzantium. Ethnica. Vol. s.v. Σιμόεις.
- Pomponius Mela. De situ orbis. Vol. 1.18.
- Pliny. Naturalis Historia. Vol. 5.33.
- March, J. Cassell's Dictionary Of Classical Mythology. London, 1999.