Simon I, Lord of Lippe

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Simon I, Lord of Lippe
Spouse(s) Adelaide of Waldeck
Noble family House of Lippe
Father Bernard IV, Lord of Lippe
Mother Agnes of Cleves
Born c. 1261
Died 10 August 1344(1344-08-10)

Simon I, Lord of Lippe (c. 1261 – 10 August 1344) ruled Lippe from 1273 until his death.

Life[edit]

He was a son of Bernard IV and Agnes of Cleves. He was a great-nephew of Simon I, a bishop of Paderborn.

In 1302 he was defeated in a territorial dispute against the bishops of Münster, Osnabrück and Paderborn, the Count of Counts of Ravensberg and the City of Herford. He was forced to raze Enger Castle, which he owned. The dispute was triggered by complaints about raids against Osnabrück, allegedly originating from this castle. Louis of Ravensberg, who was the Bishop of Osnabrück, created an alliance with his brother, Count Otto III of Ravensberg, the Bishops of Münster and Paderborn and the City of Herford. Alliance troops laid siege to Simon I's castle in 1302, took the castle, captured Simon I and held him in the Bucksturm tower in Osnabrück. He was released after 18 months in captivity, under the condition that he would raze Enger Castle.[1]

In 1323, he expanded his territory by acquiring Varenholz Castle and high justice over Langenholzhausen. During his reign, Lippe reached its largest territorial extent.

Marriage and issue[edit]

He married Adelaide of Waldeck, the daughter of Lord Henry III of Waldeck. Their children were:

  • Bernard (1277-1341), Bishop of Paderborn
  • Herman (d. c. 1324), a cleric
  • Hendrik (d. c. 1336), a cleric
  • Diedrich (d. after 8 September 1326), Knight in the Teutonic Order
  • Simon (d. c. 1332)
  • Otto († 1360), Lord of Lippe in Lemgo
  • Bernard V (d. before 1365), Lord of Lippe in Rheda
  • Adolph
  • Matilda (d. after 9 April 1366), married c. 1310 to John II, Count of Bentheim (d. 1332)
  • Adelaide, married Herman II of Everstein-Polle (about September 29, 1324?) (d. c. 1351)
  • Hedwig (d. after March 5, 1369), married Count Adolph VII of Holstein-Pinneburg and Schauenburg (d. 1352)

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Gustav Engel: Dorf, Amt und Stadt Enger. Ein Beitrag zu ihrer Geschichte, in the series Beiträge zur Stadtgeschichte, vol. 1, City of Enger, Enger, 1981, p 37 ff. This is a shortened, supplemented and corrected reprint from Enger, ein Heimatbuch zur Tausendjahrfeier der Widukindstadt, City of Enger, Enger, 1948
Simon I, Lord of Lippe
Born: c. 1261 Died: 10 August 1344
Preceded by
Bernard IV
Lord of Lippe
1273-1344
Succeeded by
Otto
Lord of Rheda
1273-1344
Succeeded by
Bernard V