Simon Karetnik

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Simon Karetnik
Born Huliaipole, Yekaterinoslav Governorate, Russian Empire
Died (1920-11-26)November 26, 1920
Melitopol, Yekaterinoslav Governorate, Ukrainian People's Republic
Allegiance Revolutionary Insurrectionary Army of Ukraine
Rank Commander (Атаман)
Commands held Revolutionary Insurrectionary Army of Ukraine

Russian Civil War

Simon Karetnik (Ukrainian: Семен Каретник; died November 26, 1920) was one of the poorest peasants of Huliaipole and was an anarchist since 1907. He was Commander of the Revolutionary Insurrectionary Army of Ukraine, and often replaced Nestor Makhno as supreme commander of the "Black Army" in 1920. He led troops who defeated the White Army of General Pyotr Wrangel in the Crimea on November 13 and 14, 1920 and moved upon Simferopol.[1]

On November 26, 1920, he was trapped by Bolshevik troops of Mikhail Frunze in Melitopol and executed.[1]


  1. ^ a b Voline, The Unknown Revolution, 1917-1921, (1947)