Simon Sabiani

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Simon Sabiani
Simon Sabiani 1934.png
Born May 14, 1888
Casamaccioli, Haute-Corse, France
Died September 29, 1956 (1956-09-30) (aged 68)
Barcelona, Spain
Nationality French
Occupation Politician
Signature
Simon Sabiani, Paul Carbone, François Spirito

Simon Sabiani (1888 Casamaccioli, Corsica, France - 1956 Barcelona, Spain) was a French businessman and politician. He served as a member of the Chamber of Deputies from 1928 to 1936.

Early life[edit]

Simon Pierre Sabiani was born in 1888 in Casamaccioli, Corsica, France.[1][2] He had four brothers and one sister. He moved to Marseille.[2]

Sabiani served in World War I within the XVth corps of the 112th regiment of line infantry. He was awarded the Legion of Honour and the Croix de guerre for his service.[2]

Career[edit]

Sabiani joined the SFIO in 1919, and for a while the PCF. In 1923, he founded the "Parti d’action socialiste", (Socialist action party). He was elected to the General Council of Bouches-du-Rhône in 1925. He also served as an advisor to the Deputy Mayor of Marseille from 1929 to 1935.[3][4] He served as a member of the Chamber of Deputies from 1928 to 1936, representing Bouches-du-Rhône.[2] He was succeeded by François Billoux.[2]

In 1936, he joined the PPF led by Jacques Doriot, where he became a member of the political bureau. He was at the head of the local section of the PPF from 1936. On July 4, 1936, he addressed a right-wing faction during a demonstration in Aix-en-Provence which turned violent.[5][6] Among his friends and electoral agents were Paul Carbone, François Spirito, and as well as Antoine Guerini.

During World War II, he ran the Marseille Bureau of the Légion des Volontaires Français, where he was the general secretary. He was arrested alongside Paul Carbone on August 5, 1942 in Marseille over the possible murder of two women and the shooting of five more people during the Bastille Day march a month earlier.[7] Meanwhile, he acted as an informant to the Gestapo throughout the war.[8]

Shortly after the war, members of the French resistance put him on a list of collaborators they wanted to kill.[9] However, he went missing.[8] He exhiled himself to Sigmaringen, Germany, Italy, Argentina, and finally to Spain under the name of Pedro Multedo.[1] However, he returned in a clandestine way to Corsica to visit his mother who was turning almost one hundred years old.

Death[edit]

Sabiani died in 1956 in Barcelona, Spain.[1][2] He was buried in the family chapel of Casamacciuli.

Works[edit]

  • Simon Sabiani, La Vérité sur l'attentat de Marseille, Grandes Conférences des Ambassadeurs, 1934
  • Simon Sabiani, Colère du peuple, Les Œuvres Françaises, 1936 (préface de Jacques Doriot)

Further reading[edit]

  • Jean-Baptiste Nicolaï, Simon Sabiani, un chef à Marseille, 1919-1944, Olivier Orban, 1991
  • Paul Jankowski, Communism and Collaboration. Simon Sabiani and Politics in Marseille (1919–1944), New Haven-Londres, Yale University Press, 1989.
  • Jean-Baptiste Emmanuelli, Et J'ai Cassé Mon Fusil, Robert Laffont

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Simon Sabiani (1888-1956)". Bibliothèque nationale de France. Retrieved November 28, 2016. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f "Simon, Pierre Sabiani". National Assembly. Retrieved November 27, 2016. 
  3. ^ Marie-Helene Porri, De Mémé à Jean-Noël Guérini, Mon Petit Editeur, 2012, p. 15 [1]
  4. ^ Mary Dewhurst Lewis, The Boundaries of the Republic: Migrant Rights and the Limits of Universalism in France, 1918-1940, Stanford University Press, 2007, p. 96 [2]
  5. ^ "Six Hurt When French Factions Demonstrate". The Decatur Daily Review. Decatur, Illinois. July 5, 1936. p. 4. Retrieved November 27, 2016 – via Newspapers.com. (registration required (help)). 
  6. ^ "Six Frenchmen Hurt in Political Fights". The Pantagraph. Bloomington, Illinois. July 5, 1936. p. 13. Retrieved November 27, 2016 – via Newspapers.com. (registration required (help)). 
  7. ^ "Two Pro-Nazis Arrested In France". Santa Cruz Sentinel. August 5, 1942. p. 8. Retrieved November 27, 2016 – via Newspapers.com. (registration required (help)). 
  8. ^ a b Parris, John A. (June 18, 1944). "Laval Marked for Execution By French Underground Force". Oakland Tribune. Oakland, California. p. 3. Retrieved November 28, 2016. 
  9. ^ Newman, Larry (August 28, 1944). "Traitors Are Being Seized At Marseille". New Castle News. New Castle, Pennsylvania. p. 12. Retrieved November 28, 2016 – via Newspapers.com. (registration required (help)).