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Casamaccioli, Niolu, Corsica
Simon Pierre Sabiani was born in 1888 in Casamaccioli, Corsica, France. He had four brothers and one sister. Three of his brothers fell in combat in World War I. He served in World War I within the XVth corps of the 112th regiment of line infantry. He lost an eye in Douaumont, several times wounded, he directed against the enemy six counterattacks in six hours.
After the war, he joined the SFIO in 1919, and for a while the PCF. In 1923, he founded the "Parti d’action socialiste", (Socialist action party). He was elected "Conseiller général" (General counsellor) of Bouches-du-Rhône in 1925, "Député" (Deputy) in 1928, and became the first "Adjoint" (Counsellor) to the Deputy Mayor of Marseille from 1929 to 1935. He was reelected "Député" (Deputy) in 1932. In 1936, he joined the PPF led by Jacques Doriot, where he became a member of the political bureau. He was at the head of the local section of the PPF from 1936. Among his friends and electoral agents were Paul Carbone, François Spirito, and as well as Antoine Guerini.
During World War II, he ran the Marseille Bureau of the Légion des Volontaires Français, where he was the general secretary. Shortly after the war, he was sentenced to death, because of his political Collaboration with Vichy France. He exhiled himself to Sigmaringen, Germany, Italy, Argentina, and finally to Spain under the name of Pedro Multedo. However, he returned in a clandestine way to Corsica to visit his mother who was turning almost one hundred years old.
He died in 1956 in Barcelona, Spain. He was buried in the family chapel of Casamacciuli.
- Simon Sabiani, Colère du peuple, Les Œuvres Françaises, 1936 (préface de Jacques Doriot)
- Simon Sabiani, La Vérité sur l'attentat de Marseille, Grandes Conférences des Ambassadeurs, 1934
- Jean-Baptiste Nicolaï, Simon Sabiani, un chef à Marseille, 1919-1944, Olivier Orban, 1991
- Paul Jankowski, Communism and Collaboration. Simon Sabiani and Politics in Marseille (1919–1944), New Haven-Londres, Yale University Press, 1989.
- Jean-Baptiste Emmanuelli, Et J'ai Cassé Mon Fusil, Robert Laffont