Simon de Montfort the Younger

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Simon de Montfort
Simon junior.jpg
BornApril 1240
Died1271 (aged 30–31)
FatherSimon de Montfort, 6th Earl of Leicester
MotherEleanor of England

Simon VI[A] de Montfort (April 1240 – 1271), known as Simon de Montfort the Younger, was the second son of Simon de Montfort, 6th Earl of Leicester and Eleanor of England.

His father and his elder brother Henry were killed at the Battle of Evesham in August 1265. The younger Simon had been slow to bring his forces from London, and had seen them and their banners captured by Prince Edward, who then used the banners to trick Simon's father. The younger Simon came to Evesham just in time to see his father's head atop a pike. The younger Simon tried to raise a rebellion in Lincolnshire, but this had petered out by Christmas.

He and his younger brother Guy escaped to France and Italy: in 1271 they discovered and murdered their cousin Henry of Almain (whom they blamed for the death of their father) at the church in Viterbo, for which they were excommunicated. Simon died later that year from Toscana virus at Siena, "cursed by God, a wanderer and a fugitive".

Ancestors[edit]

Note[edit]

A Alternatively Simon VII. The discrepancy in numbering arises from confusion between Simon III de Montfort (died 1181) and his son Simon de Montfort (died 1188). The latter was historically unknown, and Simon III was believed to be the father (not the grandfather)[1] of the crusader Simon de Montfort, 5th Earl of Leicester, who is therefore known as Simon IV in some sources[2] and Simon V in others.[3]

References[edit]

  • "Montfort, Simon of (1240-1271)" . Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900.
  1. ^ Cokayne, G. E. (1929). The Complete Peerage. 7 (2nd ed.). London: St Catherine Press. p. 716.
  2. ^ Phillips, Charles. "Battle of Toulouse". Encyclopædia Britannica Online. Retrieved 5 June 2019.
  3. ^ Lippiatt, G. E. M. (2017). Simon V of Montfort and Baronial Government, 1195-1218. Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780198805137.