Simona Amânar

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Simona Amânar
— Gymnast —
Simona Amânar sep19.jpg
Simona Amânar at the 2000 Olympics in Sydney, Australia.
Personal information
Full name Simona Amânar
Nickname(s) Simi
Country represented  Romania
Born (1979-10-07) October 7, 1979 (age 36)
Constanta, Romania
Height 158 cm (5 ft 2 in)
Discipline Women's artistic gymnastics
Level Senior International
Gym Deva National Training Center
Head coach(es) Octavian Bellu
Assistant coach(es) Mariana Bitang
Eponymous skills Amânar (vault)
Retired 2000

Simona Amânar (Romanian pronunciation: [siˈmona amɨˈnar]; born October 7, 1979 in Constanţa) is a Romanian former artistic gymnast. She is a seven-time Olympic medalist and a ten-time world medalist. Amânar helped Romania win four consecutive world team titles (1994–1999) as well as the 2000 Olympic team title. She is also the 2000 Olympic All-Around champion. She has a vault named after her, the Amânar. She was inducted into the International Gymnastics Hall of Fame in 2007.[1] The hallmarks of Amânar's gymnastics included her powerful vaulting skills and consistency. Later in her career, she was considered weak on the uneven bars, with her scores declining after she tied for the European title in 1996.


In 1994, her first year on the senior national team, Amânar was known primarily as a team player and contributed to Romania's team titles at the World and European championships.


Amânar began to excel as an individual performer at the 1995 European Cup, placing second all-around behind Svetlana Khorkina of Russia and winning gold on both vault and floor. She continued her success at the World Championships that year, helping Romania secure its second consecutive world team title and becoming co-world champion on vault (with all-around champion Lilia Podkopayeva of Ukraine). Amânar's powerful floor routine and vaults put her in the lead after two rotations in the all-around. However, she dropped to fourth overall after an average bar routine and a shaky beam routine.


Amânar won a silver medal on vault at the World Championships, behind teammate Gina Gogean and ahead of Cuba's Annia Portuondo-Hatch.

At the 1996 Summer Olympics, Amânar was one of the front-runners for several individual medals, but her Olympics started inauspiciously when she fell off the beam during the compulsories. Though she later posted the highest all-around score in the optionals (39.387), her combined compulsory and optionals scores put her fourth among her teammates, and she did not qualify for the all-around final. However, in a scenario similar to the Unified Team's substitution of Tatiana Gutsu for Rozalia Galiyeva at the 1992 Olympics, Amânar replaced her teammate Alexandra Marinescu in the final, which was legal at the time. The Romanian head coach, Octavian Bellu, said that Amânar deserved to compete because she had worked harder and was a better athlete than Marinescu. Amânar ended up sharing the bronze medal with teammate Lavinia Miloşovici, behind teammate Gogean.

In both the 1996 Olympic all-around and the 1995 World Championships all-around, Amânar failed to score over 9.800 on the floor exercise despite well-executed and extremely difficult tumbling. In Atlanta, she scored a 9.887 in the team optional competition (the highest score of the entire Olympics on any event, for men or women) and only a 9.737 in the all-around. She did not start from a 10.0 in the all-around—despite having the most tumbling bonus points of anyone at the Games (.6 in D and E elements, and .3 in connection value)—because her tour jeté half-turn (Strug), a C element, was not completed. Thus, she did not have enough simple A, B, and C skills to meet her value part requirements, and much of her D- and E-rated tumbling had to count as easier elements to fulfill those requirements.

The requirements for the 9.4 base score, for each level of competition, were as follows: Competition I (team optionals): 3 As, 3 Bs, 2 Cs; Competition II (all-around): 3 As, 3 Bs, 2 Cs, 1 D; Competition III (event finals): 3 As, 3 Bs, 2 Cs, 2 Ds.

Amânar did not perform a double turn in either the team optionals or the all-around because it was not necessary as long as she completed her Strug. She included few A, B, and C skills in her routine because her excess D and E tumbling bonus could count to fulfill these simpler element requirements. However, when she failed to complete her Strug, four of her six tenths in D and E elements had to count toward requirements, which left her with only .2 counting toward her bonus. In the Code of Points at the time, gymnasts needed .3 in D and E skill bonus and .3 in connection value bonus to start from a 10.0. Without the error, Amânar would have finished well ahead of her more established compatriots Gogean and Miloşovici.

In the event finals in Atlanta, Amânar completed her Strug and added a double turn to fulfill the more stringent Competition III (event final) requirements. She earned a 9.850 and the silver medal, behind Podkopayeva and just ahead of Dominique Dawes of the United States. She won the vault final the day before, largely because of her 9.875 score for an enormous double-twisting Yurchenko vault. She left the 1996 Olympics with four medals, including Romania's team bronze.


Amânar again replaced a higher-performing Marinescu in the all-around competition at the 1997 World Championships. She won the silver medal behind Russia's Khorkina: She scored higher than Khorkina on three of the four events, but the discrepancy between their performances on the uneven bars gave the title to Khorkina. Amânar's vaulting score was not as high as in previous all-around competitions because of a rule change that required the athletes to perform two different vaults. Her second vault, a Phelps, was much weaker than her first, the double-twisting Yurchenko. Nevertheless, Amânar won the vault title, and the victory made her a two-time World champion and Olympic champion on the event. Romania also won its third straight team title.


In the 1999 World Championships, Amânar led the team to a fourth consecutive title, but fell off the bars during the all-around and placed well out of the medals. She lost her vaulting title to Russia's Elena Zamolodchikova, who dominated that event in the following years due to a more difficult second vault: a double-twisting Tsukahara. Amânar learned that vault by 2000, but only completed it at the European Championships. Her younger teammates carried the banner for the Romanians. Maria Olaru won the all-around, and Andreea Răducan won the title on floor exercise. Amânar won her first (and only) World Championship medal on the floor, taking home the silver behind Răducan.


At the 2000 Summer Olympics, the Romanians once again edged out the Russians to take the team title—their first since 1984 and their first ever in a non-boycotted Olympics. The vaulting horse was set too low by the Olympic organizers before the women's all-around, and the undisputed favorite for the all-around title, Svetlana Khorkina, fell on her signature vault. Several other gymnasts in the competition fell or stumbled because of this same problem. Many went on to make mistakes on their next event, knowing their medal chances were gone, only to be informed later of the error and their chance to vault again. The three Romanian women either managed to perform well on the faulty vault or vaulted after the mistake had been corrected. They swept the medals, with Răducan winning the gold, followed by Amânar and Olaru.

Răducan had used a cold medicine containing a banned substance. Although her results in other events were allowed to stand, she was stripped of her gold medal, which went to Amânar. Initially, Amânar refused to accept the medal, insisting that Răducan had rightfully earned the title. Maria Olaru took the same stance when the silver was awarded to her, and China's Liu Xuan also refused the bronze. However, the two Romanians eventually reconsidered, deciding to bring the medals home to Romania as symbolic victories of the team. Amânar later returned the gold medal to Răducan. Although Răducan intended to file paperwork with the International Olympic Committee, Amânar is still credited as the 2000 all-around champion. To this day, Amânar says she believes that Răducan is the true Olympic all-around champion and refuses to acknowledge herself as the winner.[citation needed]

In the event finals, Amânar had the opportunity to defend her Olympic title from four years earlier. However, she stumbled badly while debuting a new vault—a 212 twisting laid-out Yurchenko, which was then named after her — although her medal hopes were erased. She went on to win bronze on floor exercise after losing points for a step out of bounds on her last tumbling pass.

Career summary[edit]

Throughout her career, Amânar was a power athlete, showing exceptional difficulty on vault and floor but less on beam and bars. Her strength was difficult skills rather than expression. She maintained a hugely successful career at the highest ranks of the sport for more than five years. Amânar ranks highly on the list[citation needed] of most medaled gymnasts, with 17 World and Olympic medals. She played a crucial role in the four consecutive World team titles and Olympic title that firmly stamped Romania as the top-ranked team women's gymnastics team in the world.

Eponymous skills[edit]

A vault element is named after her, the "Amânar."[2] It involves a round-off entry onto the vaulting table followed by a laid-out salto with 212 twists. She first competed this skill at the 2000 Olympics. The vault is currently worth 6.3 points in the Women's Code of Points.

Post retirement[edit]

Amânar retired in 2000, shortly after the Olympic Games. She married Cosmin Tabără, a lawyer, on March 9, 2002, in Timişoara. She gave birth to a son, Alexandru Iosif, five months later. She is the vice president of the Romanian Gymnastics Federation.

Competitive history[edit]

Year Event AA Team VT UB BB FX
1993 China Cup 3rd
Romanian Nationals 5th 2nd 3rd
1994 American Cup 9th
European Championships 1st
GBR-ROM Dual Meet 3rd 1st
International Mixed Pairs 6th
Massilia Elite 5th 2nd
USA-ROM Dual Meet 7th 1st
Team World Championships 1st
1995 European Cup 2nd 1st 5th 3rd 1st
FRA-ROM Dual Meet 2nd 1st
French International 3rd 3rd 5th
GBR-ROM Dual Meet 3rd 1st
Kosice Cup 2nd 2nd 2nd
ROM-GER Dual Meet 3rd 1st
Romanian Nationals 2nd
World Championships 4th 1st 1st 6th
1996 European Championships 4th 1st 1st 1st 7th
French International 3rd 5th
Hungarian International 1st
International Championships of Romania 1st
World Championships 2nd
Olympic Games 3rd 3rd 1st 5th 2nd
World Championships 2nd 1st 1st
Chunichi Cup 2nd
Blume Memorial 2nd
DTB Cup 1st 6th 3rd
Arthur Gander Memorial 1st
1998 European Championships 2nd 1st 2nd
Chunichi Cup 6th
DTB Cup 1st 2nd 1st 2nd
Romanian International 1st 2nd 1st 1st
Swiss Cup 3rd 2nd 2nd 3rd
World Championships 14th 1st 2nd 2nd
Chunichi Cup 2nd
Arthur Gander Memorial 2nd
Romanian International 1st 1st 2nd 1st 1st
International Mixed Pairs 1st 1st
2000 European Championships 8th 3rd 1st 2nd 5th
Olympic Games 1st 1st 6th 3rd
Chunichi Cup 1st
Cottbus World Cup 2nd 7th 2nd
Romanian International 2nd
National Championships 1st

See also[edit]


  1. ^ International Gymnastics Hall of Fame Simona Amânar
  2. ^ FIG Women's Artistic Gymnastics Code of Points 2009–2012, page 163

External links[edit]