Simonne Mathieu

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Simonne Mathieu
Simonne Mathieu 1926.jpg
Full nameSimonne Passemard-Mathieu
Country (sports) France
Born(1908-01-31)31 January 1908
Neuilly-sur-Seine, Hauts-de-Seine, France
Died7 January 1980(1980-01-07) (aged 71)
Chatou, France
PlaysRight–handed
Int. Tennis HoF2006 (member page)
Singles
Highest rankingNo. 3 (1932, A. Wallis Myers)
Grand Slam Singles results
French OpenW (1938, 1939)
WimbledonSF (1930, 1931, 1932, 1934, 1936, 1937)
US OpenQF (1938)
Doubles
Grand Slam Doubles results
French OpenW (1933, 1934, 1936, 1937, 1938, 1939)
WimbledonW (1933, 1934, 1937)
US OpenF (1938)
Grand Slam Mixed Doubles results
French OpenW (1937, 1938)
WimbledonF (1937)

Simonne Mathieu (French pronunciation: ​[simɔn matjø]; 31 January 1908 – 7 January 1980) was a female tennis player from France, born in Neuilly-sur-Seine, Hauts-de-Seine who was active in the 1930s. Her first name is spelled "Simone" in many sources.

Career[edit]

Mathieu is best remembered for winning the singles title at the French Championships in 1938 and 1939 and for reaching the final of that tournament an additional six times, in 1929, 1932, 1933, 1935, 1936, and 1937. In those finals, she lost three times to Hilde Krahwinkel Sperling, twice to Helen Wills Moody, and once to Margaret Scriven-Vivian.

Mathieu won 11 Grand Slam doubles championships: three women's doubles titles at Wimbledon (1933–34, 1937), six women's doubles titles at the French Championships (1933–34, 1936–39), and two mixed doubles titles at the French Championships (1937–38). She completed the rare triple at the French Championships in 1938, winning the singles, women's doubles, and mixed doubles titles.

Mathieu's 13 Grand Slam titles are second only to Suzanne Lenglen's 31 among French women.

According to A. Wallis Myers and John Olliff of The Daily Telegraph and the Daily Mail respectively, Mathieu was ranked in the world top 10 from 1929 through 1939 (no rankings were issued from 1940 through 1945), reaching a career high of world No. 3 in 1932.[1]

The winners' trophy of the women's doubles event at the French Open is named in her honour as the Coupe Simone-Mathieu.[2]

During World War II, Mathieu was head of the Corps Féminin Français, the women's branch of the Free French Forces, similar to the British Auxiliary Territorial Service.[3] She received the title of Officier de la Légion d'honneur.[4]

She was inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame in 2006.[5]

In November 2017, the French Tennis Federation (FFT) announced that the third show court at Roland Garros will be named Court Simonne-Mathieu in her honor.[6]

Grand Slam tournaments finals[edit]

Singles: 8 (2 titles, 6 runners-up)[edit]

Result Year Championship Surface Opponent Score
Loss 1929 French Championships Clay United States Helen Wills 3–6, 4–6
Loss 1932 French Championships Clay United States Helen Wills 5–7, 1–6
Loss 1933 French Championships Clay United Kingdom Margaret Scriven 2–6, 6–4, 4–6
Loss 1935 French Championships Clay Nazi Germany Hilde Krahwinkel 2–6, 1–6
Loss 1936 French Championships Clay Nazi Germany Hilde Krahwinkel 3–6, 4–6
Loss 1937 French Championships Clay Nazi Germany Hilde Krahwinkel 2–6, 4–6
Win 1938 French Championships Clay France Nelly Landry 6–0, 6–3
Win 1939 French Championships Clay Second Polish Republic Jadwiga Jędrzejowska 6–3, 8–6

Doubles: 13 (9 titles, 4 runners-up)[edit]

Result Year Championship Surface Partner Opponents Score
Loss 1930 French Championships Clay France Simone Barbier United States Elizabeth Ryan
United States Helen Wills
3–6, 1–6
Win 1933 French Championships Clay United States Elizabeth Ryan France Sylvie Jung Henrotin
France Colette Rosambert
6–1, 6–3
Win 1933 Wimbledon Championships Grass United States Elizabeth Ryan United Kingdom Freda James
United Kingdom Billie Yorke
6–2, 9–11, 6–4
Win 1934 French Championships Clay United States Elizabeth Ryan United States Helen Jacobs
United States Sarah Palfrey
3–6, 6–4, 6–2
Win 1934 Wimbledon Championships Grass United States Elizabeth Ryan United States Dorothy Andrus
France Sylvie Jung Henrotin
6–3, 6–3
Loss 1935 Wimbledon Championships Grass Germany Hilde Sperling United Kingdom Freda James
United Kingdom Kay Stammers
1–6, 4–6
Win 1936 French Championships Clay United Kingdom Billie Yorke Poland Jadwiga Jędrzejowska
United Kingdom Susan Noel
2–6, 6–4, 6–4
Win 1937 French Championships Clay United Kingdom Billie Yorke United States Dorothy Andrus
France Sylvie Jung Henrotin
3–6, 6–2, 6–2
Win 1937 Wimbledon Championships Grass United Kingdom Billie Yorke United Kingdom Phyllis King
United Kingdom Elsie Goldsack
6–3, 6–3
Win 1938 French Championships Clay United Kingdom Billie Yorke France Nelly Adamson
France Arlette Halff
6–3, 6–3
Loss 1938 Wimbledon Championships Grass United Kingdom Billie Yorke United States Sarah Palfrey
United States Alice Marble
2–6, 3–6
Loss 1938 US Championships Grass Poland Jadwiga Jędrzejowska United States Sarah Palfrey
United States Alice Marble
8–6, 4–6, 3–6
Win 1939 French Championships Clay Poland Jadwiga Jędrzejowska Kingdom of Yugoslavia Alice Florian
Kingdom of Yugoslavia Hella Kovac
7–5, 7–5

Mixed doubles: 4 (2 titles, 2 runners-up)[edit]

Result Year Championship Surface Partner Opponents Score
Win 1937 French Championships Clay France Yvon Petra Germany Marie-Luise Horn
France Roland Journu
7–5, 7–5
Loss 1937 Wimbledon Championships Grass France Yvon Petra United States Alice Marble
United States Don Budge
1–6, 4–6
Win 1938 French Championships Clay Kingdom of Yugoslavia Dragutin Mitić Australia Nancye Wynne Bolton
France Christian Boussus
2–6, 6–3, 6–4
Loss 1939 French Championships Clay Kingdom of Yugoslavia Franjo Kukuljević United States Sarah Palfrey
United States Elwood Cooke
6–4, 1–6, 5–7

Grand Slam singles tournament timeline[edit]

Key
W  F  SF QF #R RR Q# A NH
(W) Won; (F) finalist; (SF) semifinalist; (QF) quarterfinalist; (#R) rounds 4, 3, 2, 1; (RR) round-robin stage; (Q#) qualification round; (A) absent; (NH) not held. SR=strike rate (events won/competed)
Tournament 1925 1926 1927 1928 1929 1930 1931 1932 1933 1934 1935 1936 1937 1938 1939 1940 1941 – 1944 1945 19461 Career SR
Australia A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A NH NH A 0 / 0
France QF QF 3R A F QF QF F F SF F F F W W NH R A A 2 / 14
Wimbledon A 1R 2R A 3R SF SF SF QF SF QF SF SF QF QF NH NH NH 1R 0 / 14
United States A A A A A A A A A A A A A QF 1R A A A A 0 / 2
SR 0 / 1 0 / 2 0 / 2 0 / 0 0 / 2 0 / 2 0 / 2 0 / 2 0 / 2 0 / 2 0 / 2 0 / 2 0 / 2 1 / 3 1 / 3 0 / 0 0 / 0 0 / 0 0 / 1 2 / 30

R = tournament restricted to French nationals and held under German occupation.
SR = the ratio of the number of Grand Slam singles tournaments won to the number of those tournaments played.

1In 1946, the French Championships were held after Wimbledon.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Collins, Bud (2008). The Bud Collins History of Tennis: An Authoritative Encyclopedia and Record Book. New York, N.Y: New Chapter Press. pp. 695, 701–2. ISBN 0-942257-41-3.
  2. ^ "An A to Z of Roland Garros". www.rolandgarros.com. Fédération Française de Tennis (FFT). Archived from the original on 2 April 2015.
  3. ^ Hammerton, John (editor) (10 April 1941). "Free French 'A.T.S.'". The War Illustrated. London: William Berry (Volume 4, issue no. 84): 384. Retrieved 19 October 2008.
  4. ^ Franck Lehodey (December 2010 – January 2011). "Simonne Mathieu, libre arbitre" (pdf). Tennis Info (in French) (428): 24. ISSN 0221-8127.
  5. ^ "Hall of Famers – Simonne Mathieu". International Tennis Hall of Fame. Archived from the original on 13 August 2010.
  6. ^ "Simonne Mathieu, more than just a tennis great". www.rolandgarros.com. Fédération Française de Tennis (FFT). 23 November 2017.

External links[edit]