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Simple Modular Architecture Research Tool

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
DescriptionIdentification scheme for protein domains.
Data types
Protein domains
Research centerEuropean Molecular Biology Laboratory
Primary citationPMID 18978020
LicenseFree to academics, but not commercial users
Curation policyYes

Simple Modular Architecture Research Tool (SMART) is a biological database that is used in the identification and analysis of protein domains within protein sequences.[1][2] SMART uses profile-hidden Markov models built from multiple sequence alignments to detect protein domains in protein sequences. The most recent release of SMART contains 1,204 domain models.[3] Data from SMART was used in creating the Conserved Domain Database collection and is also distributed as part of the InterPro database.[4] The database is hosted by the European Molecular Biology Laboratory in Heidelberg.


  1. ^ Schultz J, Milpetz F, Bork P, Ponting CP (May 1998). "SMART, a simple modular architecture research tool: identification of signaling domains" (PDF). Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 95 (11): 5857–64. Bibcode:1998PNAS...95.5857S. doi:10.1073/pnas.95.11.5857. PMC 34487. PMID 9600884.
  2. ^ Letunic I, Doerks T, Bork P (January 2009). "SMART 6: recent updates and new developments". Nucleic Acids Res. 37 (Database issue): D229–32. doi:10.1093/nar/gkn808. PMC 2686533. PMID 18978020.
  3. ^ Letunic, Ivica; Doerks, Tobias; Bork, Peer (January 2015). "SMART: recent updates, new developments and status in 2015". Nucleic Acids Research. 43 (Database issue): D257–260. doi:10.1093/nar/gku949. ISSN 1362-4962. PMC 4384020. PMID 25300481.
  4. ^ Mulder NJ, Apweiler R, Attwood TK, et al. (September 2002). "InterPro: an integrated documentation resource for protein families, domains and functional sites". Brief. Bioinformatics. 3 (3): 225–35. doi:10.1093/bib/3.3.225. PMID 12230031.

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