Simplon was a department of the First French Empire. It was named after the Simplon Pass. It was formed in 1810, when the Rhodanic Republic was occupied by the French. Its territory corresponded with that of the present-day Swiss canton of Valais. The capital of Simplon was Sion.
- Sion, cantons: Hérémence, Leuk (French: Loèche), Sierre and Sion.
- Brig, cantons: Brig, Goms (French: Conches), Mörel, Raron and Visp (French: Viège).
- Saint-Maurice, cantons: Entremont, Martigny, Monthey and Saint-Maurice.
Its population in 1812 was 65,500, and its area was approximately 500,000 hectares.
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