Simulated presence therapy

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Simulated presence therapy is an emotion-oriented non-pharmacological intervention for people with dementia. It is based in psychological attachment theories and is normally carried out playing a recording with voices of the closest relatives of the patient. There are preliminary evidences indicating that SPT may reduce anxiety and challenging behaviors.[1][2][3]

A 2020 Cochrane review that examined three studies involving 144 participants and the effects of simulated presence therapy was unable to draw any conclusions about its efficacy and called for further well designed research.[4]


  1. ^ Peak JS, Cheston RI (2002). "Using simulated presence therapy with people with dementia". Aging Ment Health. 6 (1): 77–81. doi:10.1080/13607860120101095. PMID 11827626.
  2. ^ Camberg L, Woods P, Ooi WL, et al. (1999). "Evaluation of Simulated Presence: a personalized approach to enhance well-being in persons with Alzheimer's disease". J Am Geriatr Soc. 47 (4): 446–52. doi:10.1111/j.1532-5415.1999.tb07237.x. PMID 10203120.
  3. ^ O'Connor, C.M.; Smith, R.; Nott, M.T.; Lorang, C.; Mathews, R.M. (2011). "Using Video Simulated Presence to reduce resistance to care and increase participation of adults with dementia". Am J Alzheimers Dis Other Demen. 26 (4): 317–25. doi:10.1177/1533317511410558. PMID 21624886.
  4. ^ Abraha, Iosief; Rimland, Joseph M.; Lozano-Montoya, Isabel; Dell'Aquila, Giuseppina; Vélez-Díaz-Pallarés, Manuel; Trotta, Fabiana M.; Cruz-Jentoft, Alfonso J.; Cherubini, Antonio (20 April 2020). "Simulated presence therapy for dementia". The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. 4: CD011882. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD011882.pub3. ISSN 1469-493X. PMC 7170711. PMID 32311774.