Simulated presence therapy

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Simulated presence therapy is an emotion-oriented non-pharmacological intervention for people with dementia. It is based in psychological attachment theories and is normally carried out playing a recording with voices of the closest relatives of the patient. There are preliminary evidences indicating that SPT may reduce anxiety and challenging behaviors.[1][2][3]


  1. ^ Peak JS, Cheston RI (2002). "Using simulated presence therapy with people with dementia". Aging Ment Health. 6 (1): 77–81. doi:10.1080/13607860120101095. PMID 11827626.
  2. ^ Camberg L, Woods P, Ooi WL, et al. (1999). "Evaluation of Simulated Presence: a personalized approach to enhance well-being in persons with Alzheimer's disease". J Am Geriatr Soc. 47 (4): 446–52. doi:10.1111/j.1532-5415.1999.tb07237.x. PMID 10203120.
  3. ^ O'Connor, C.M.; Smith, R.; Nott, M.T.; Lorang, C.; Mathews, R.M. (2011). "Using Video Simulated Presence to reduce resistance to care and increase participation of adults with dementia". Am J Alzheimers Dis Other Demen. 26 (4): 317–25. doi:10.1177/1533317511410558. PMID 21624886.