Sindae of Goguryeo

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Sindae of Goguryeo
Hangul 신대왕
Hanja 新大王
Revised Romanization Sindae-wang
McCune–Reischauer Sindae-wang
Birth name
Hangul 고백고 or 백구
Hanja 高伯固 or 伯句
Revised Romanization Go Baekgo or Baekgu
McCune–Reischauer Ko Paekko or Paekku
Monarchs of Korea
  1. King Chumo 37-19 BCE
  2. King Yuri 19 BCE-18 CE
  3. King Daemusin 18-44
  4. King Minjung 44-48
  5. King Mobon 48-53
  6. King Taejodae 53-146
  7. King Chadae 146-165
  8. King Sindae 165-179
  9. King Gogukcheon 179-197
  10. King Sansang 197-227
  11. King Dongcheon 227-248
  12. King Jungcheon 248-270
  13. King Seocheon 270-292
  14. King Bongsang 292-300
  15. King Micheon 300-331
  16. King Gogug-won 331-371
  17. King Sosurim 371-384
  18. King Gogug-yang 384-391
  19. King Gwanggaeto 391-413
  20. King Jangsu 413-490
  21. King Munja 491-519
  22. King Anjang 519-531
  23. King An-won 531-545
  24. King Yang-won 545-559
  25. King Pyeong-won 559-590
  26. King Yeong-yang 590-618
  27. King Yeong-nyu 618-642
  28. King Bojang 642-668

King Sindae of Goguryeo (89–179, r. 165–179)[1] was the eighth ruler of Goguryeo, the northernmost of the Three Kingdoms of Korea. The Samguk Sagi records him as the half-brother of the sixth king Taejo and the seventh king Chadae.[2] Other records indicate he may have been Taejo or Chaedae's son.[1]

He remained quiet under the harsh reign of Chadae, secluding himself in the mountains. After Myeongnim Dap-bu assassinated Chadae, Sindae was invited to ascend the throne by court officials. At that time he was already 77 years old. The Samguk Yusa indicates that Sindae himself killed Taejo and Chadae to become king.[3] He tried to stabilize the court by incorporating Chadae's son and other opponents into his administration. To strengthen royal power, he created the supreme ministerial post of guksang, and appointed Myeongnim Dap-bu to the office.[3]

In 169 and 172, Goguryeo was attacked by China, but successfully continued resistance to control the border. Goguryeo united with the Xianbei and attacked the Yuju and Byeongju districts of the Later Han Dynasty of China; however, their alliance brought no great victory.[4] The Later Han invaded Goguryeo in the eleventh month of 172, but were destroyed by Myeongnim Dap-bu's army at Jwa-Won,[citation needed] gaining success to expand its territory into western side of the kingdom.[3]

In 176, he named his second son Nammu as the crown prince (subsequent king Gogukcheon), which consolidated the tradition of patrilineal succession.[3] Sindae died in the twelfth lunar month of 179, at the age of 91.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Sindae of Goguryeo
  2. ^ Institute of Korean Culture, 〈International Journal of Korean History Ⅶ-Ⅸ〉, 2005. p.164
  3. ^ a b c d King Chadae, King Sindae KBS Radio, Kings and Queens of Korea
  4. ^ Yi, Hyun-hui; Pak, Song-su; Yun, Nae-hyon (2005). New History of Korea. Seoul: Jimoondang. p. 124. ISBN 8988095855. Retrieved 28 January 2016. 
Sindae of Goguryeo
Born: 89 Died: 179
Regnal titles
Preceded by
King of Goguryeo
Succeeded by