Sindae of Goguryeo

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Sindae of Goguryeo
Hangul
Hanja
Revised RomanizationSindae-wang
McCune–ReischauerSindae-wang
Birth name
Hangul
Hanja
Revised RomanizationGo Baekgo or Baekgu
McCune–ReischauerKo Paekko or Paekku

King Sindae of Goguryeo (89–179, r. 165–179)[1] was the eighth ruler of Goguryeo, the northernmost of the Three Kingdoms of Korea. The Samguk Sagi records him as the half-brother of the sixth king Taejo and the seventh king Chadae.[2] Other records indicate he may have been Taejo or Chaedae's son.[1]

He remained quiet under the harsh reign of Chadae, secluding himself in the mountains. After Myeongnim Dap-bu assassinated Chadae, Sindae was invited to ascend the throne by court officials. At that time he was already 77 years old. The Samguk Yusa indicates that Sindae himself killed Taejo and Chadae to become king.[3] He tried to stabilize the court by incorporating Chadae's son and other opponents into his administration. To strengthen royal power, he created the supreme ministerial post of guksang, and appointed Myeongnim Dap-bu to the office.[3]

In 169 and 172, Goguryeo was attacked by China, but successfully continued resistance to control the border. Goguryeo united with the Xianbei and attacked the Yuju and Byeongju districts of the Later Han Dynasty of China; however, their alliance brought no great victory.[4] The Later Han invaded Goguryeo in the eleventh month of 172, but were destroyed by Myeongnim Dap-bu's army at Jwa-Won,[citation needed] gaining success to expand its territory into western side of the kingdom.[3]

In 176, he named his second son Nammu as the crown prince (subsequent king Gogukcheon), which consolidated the tradition of patrilineal succession.[3] Sindae died in the twelfth lunar month of 179, at the age of 91.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Sindae of Goguryeo
  2. ^ Institute of Korean Culture, 〈International Journal of Korean History Ⅶ-Ⅸ〉, 2005. p.164
  3. ^ a b c d King Chadae, King Sindae KBS Radio, Kings and Queens of Korea
  4. ^ Yi, Hyun-hui; Pak, Song-su; Yun, Nae-hyon (2005). New History of Korea. Seoul: Jimoondang. p. 124. ISBN 8988095855. Retrieved 28 January 2016.
Sindae of Goguryeo
Born: 89 Died: 179
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Chadae
King of Goguryeo
165–179
Succeeded by
Gogukcheon