Sinding-Larsen and Johansson syndrome
|Sinding-Larsen and Johansson syndrome|
|Other names||Aseptic necrosis of patella|
|The site of the osg and sjs on the knee: OSG at tibial tuberosity and SLJ at inferior pole of patella|
Sinding-Larsen and Johansson syndrome, named after Swedish surgeon Sven Christian Johansson (1880-1959), and Christian Magnus Falsen Sinding-Larsen (1866-1930), a Norwegian physician, is apophysitis of the inferior pole of the patella. It is analogous to Osgood–Schlatter disease which involves the upper margin of the tibia. This variant was discovered in 1908, during a winter indoor Olympic qualifier event in Scandinavia. Sever's disease is a similar condition affecting the heel.
Signs and symptoms
The condition is usually seen in athletic individuals typically between 10–14 years of age. Following a strain or partial rupture of patellar ligament the patient develops a traction ‘tendinitis’ characterized by pain and point tenderness at the inferior (lower) pole of the patella associated with focal swelling.
Children with cerebral palsy are particularly prone to SLJ 4.
Radiographs recommended views are AP and lateral of knee with findings may be normal and may show spur at inferior pole of patella, MRI indicated if diagnosis is unclear. Inflammation best seen on T2 sagitals and bony spurs best seen on T1 sagitals
With rest and quadriceps flexibility exercises the condition settles with no secondary disability. Sometimes, if the condition does not settle, calcification appears in the ligament. This condition is comparable to Osgood-Schlatter’s disease and usually recovers spontaneously. If rest fails to provide relief, the abnormal area is removed and the paratenon is stripped.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Osgood–Schlatter disease.|