Sindur Khela

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Sindur Khela
সিঁদুর খেলা
Bijoya Dashami.jpg
Sindur Khela at Nagaon, Assam
Genre Tradition
Date(s) Vijayadashami
Frequency Annual
Venue Durga Puja pandal
Country India, Bangladesh

Sindur Khela (Bengali: সিঁদুর খেলা), literally meaning 'vermillion game', is a Bengali Hindu tradition where women smear each other with sindur on Vijayadashami, the last day of the Durga Puja. On the day of the Vijayadashami after the conclusion of the ritual worship, married Bengali Hindu women apply sindur on the forehead and feet of the goddess and offer sweets to her. Then they put sindur on each other's faces and offer sweets to each other.

Origin[edit]

The exact date and place of origin of the tradition is not known.[1] According to one theory, the tradition originated around 200 years ago in the Durga Pujas of the zamindar houses to usher bonhomie among the housewives.[2] According to a second theory, the tradition of Sindur Khela is as old as Durga Puja itself, around 400 years.[1][3][4] The ritual is enjoyed just like a game and hence the name Sindur Khela.[3] Sindur Khela is regarded as one of the most important rituals of Vijayadashami.[5]

Contemporary ritual[edit]

Women pose for photographs after Sindur Khela in Sainthia, West Bengal

The ritual worship of the goddess concludes with the Visarjan Puja. It is followed by Devi Baran, where the married women bid farewell to the goddess. The women are usually dressed in white saris with red borders and adorn traditional jewelries.[6] Each of the women perform arati and smear the goddess' forehead and feet with sindur. They also offer her sweets and betel leaves.[3] Following that the women smear each other's foreheads with sindur.[7] Then they put sindur on each other's shankha,[7] pala[7] and noa,[8] the conch shell, coral and iron bangles respectively, which are the worn by the married Bengali Hindu women. Then they smear each other's faces with sindur. Finally they offer sweets to each other as prasad.[7] According to commonly held belief, if a women plays Sindur Khela by following the proper custom, she will never be widowed.[9]

Sindur Khela symbolizes the power of womanhood in protecting her husband and children from all evil. Through the ritual of Sindur Khela, the Bengali Hindu women pray for long and happy married lives of each other.[1][6] Family tiffs and petty quarrels between neighbours are settled through this ritual.[2] Unmarried women and widows are barred from participating in the ritual, but a recent campaign by the Calcutta Times has revived the practice of just women - be it married, widowed, transgendered or women of the red-light area, to play with Sindoor to show that this is a universal bonding for all women, all sisters and not restricted only to married women.[10]

In some parts of West Bengal, Sindur Khela is celebrated before Vijayadashami. In Dubrajpur, the Sindur Khela is celebrated on Mahasaptami itself. After bathing the nabapatrika and the following ritual worship, sindur is applied on the forehead of the goddess. After that the married women engaged in Sindur Khela.[11] In the village of Bijra near Memari in Purba Bardhaman district, the family pujas of Ghosh and Bose family celebrate Sindur Khela on Mahastami. The tradition is almost 500 years old. After the ritual worship on Mahastami, the entire married womenfolk of the village celebrate Sindur Khela. Many people from adjoining areas came to Bijra to see this ritual.[12]

Criticism[edit]

The ritual has been criticized in the recent times for multiple reasons. The ritual has been criticized as non-inclusive in character because the participation in the ritual is strictly limited to married women only. In 2017, The Times of India initiated an Internet video campaign featuring Rituparna Sengupta, that called for participation of single women, widows, transgenders, lesbians and sex workers in Sindur Khela.[13]

The ritual has been criticized by Taslima Nasrin for being patriarchal in nature, because of the over emphasis on the married status of the goddess as well as the women.[8] Bengali Hindu girls grow up seeing the married ladies in their family participate in the playful ritual, which creates among them a sense of life being incomplete without getting married. Critics feel that this can create a regressive impact on young women.[8]

In popular culture[edit]

Every year, the Kolkata-based celebrities including the Tollywood actresses engage in Sindur Khela at the Manicktalla Chaltabagan Lohapatty puja pandal in north central Kolkata.[14] Sindur Khela is a colourful, vibrant and spectacular ritual and so it has been the focus of Indian films.[8] Some films and soaps have been titled in the name of the ritual.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Women to pay 'sindur khela' today". The Times of India. Lucknow: Bennett Coleman & Co. 17 October 2010. Retrieved 30 September 2017.
  2. ^ a b "Sindur Khela or Sindoor Khela". Retrieved 30 September 2017.
  3. ^ a b c "Significance Of Sindoor Khela". boldsky.com. Greynium Information Technologies. 11 October 2016. Retrieved 30 September 2017.
  4. ^ "'Sindoor khela', 'visarjan' mark Durga's farewell in Nagpur". Nagpur Today. Nagpur. 25 October 2012. Retrieved 30 September 2017.
  5. ^ "Dussehra (Vijayadashami) 2017: Date, Puja Vidhi, Muhurat Timings, Preparation". Financial Express. The Express Group. 30 September 2017. Retrieved 30 September 2017.
  6. ^ a b Sengupta, Sushmita (29 September 2017). "Durga Puja 2017 :The Significance of Sindur Khela or Sindoor Daan on Vijayadashami". NDTV.com. NDTV Group. Retrieved 30 September 2017.
  7. ^ a b c d "Sindoor-Khela: All Married Bengali Women's Favorite Ceremony". IndiaVivid. Retrieved 30 September 2017.
  8. ^ a b c d Goswami, Shreya (27 September 2017). "Durga Puja 2017: Here's why Bengali women play with sindoor on Vijaya Dashami". India Today. Retrieved 1 October 2017.
  9. ^ "বিসর্জনের আগে সিঁদুর খেলার কারণ জেনে নিন". Kolkata24x7 (in Bengali). 30 September 2017. Retrieved 1 October 2017.
  10. ^ "Sindoor Khela: Bengali women play with sindoor on vijayadashami". NewsGram.com. Chicago: NewsGram. 29 September 2017. Retrieved 30 September 2017.
  11. ^ Karmakar, Rajat (27 September 2017). "সপ্তমীতৈ সিঁদুর খেলেন এখানকার মহিলারা". Ei Samay (in Bengali). Bennett Coleman & Co. Retrieved 30 September 2017.
  12. ^ Chandra, Patralekha (9 October 2016). "বিজয়া নয়, মহাষ্টমীতেই সিঁদুর খেলেন এখানে এয়োরা, ভিডিও দেখুন". Ebela (in Bengali). ABP Group. Retrieved 30 September 2017.
  13. ^ "This New Sindoor Khela Video Gives A Powerful Call To Be More Inclusive". Women's Web. 28 September 2017. Retrieved 30 September 2017.
  14. ^ "ছবির গ্যালারি: সেলেবদের সিঁদুর খেলা". Khabor Online (in Bengali). 15 October 2016. Retrieved 1 October 2017.