Niramon Ounprom

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Niramon Ounprom
Sineenat Wongvajirapakdi during the royal cremation ceremony.jpg
Born
Niramon Ounprom

January 1985 (age 34)[1][2]
NationalityThai
Known forFormer concubine, King Rama X (Vajiralongkorn)
Spouse(s)King Rama X[3]
Parent(s)Wirat On-prom
Pranee On-prom[2]
Military career
AllegianceThailand
Service/branchRoyal Thai Army
Years of service2008–2019
RankRTA OF-7 (Major General).svg Major general
Commands heldRoyal Guards, Crown Prince's Division
King's Guard, Special Operations Unit

Niramon Ounprom (Thai: นิรมล อุ่นพรม; RTGSNiramon Unphrom; born 26 or 28 January 1985[1][2]) is a former Thai nurse, army officer, and member of the Thai royal court.[4] She was named concubine of Crown Prince Vajiralongkorn of Thailand, who granted her several military ranks and positions, including the noble name of Sineenat Wongvajirapakdi (Thai: สินีนาฏ วงศ์วชิราภักดิ์; RTGSSininat Wongwachiraphak). After Prince Vajiralalongkorn ascended the throne as King Rama X, he appointed her as his Royal Noble Consort, giving her the noble title of Chao Khun Phra Sineenat Bilaskalayani (Thai: เจ้าคุณพระสินีนาฏ พิลาสกัลยาณี; RTGSSininat Philatkanlayani) in July 2019.[5] She was the first woman to be a concubine of the king of Thailand in almost a century, because the previous kings were monogamous.[6] However, in October 2019, King Rama X issued a royal edict stripping her of all the government, military, and noble ranks, positions, and titles, as well as royal decorations, citing her conflict with and disrespectful conduct towards his chief wife, Queen Suthida.[7][8]

Early life and education[edit]

Sineenat was born on 26 or 28 January 1985,[1][2] to the Un-Prom family, Wirat (father) and Pranee (mother).[2] Her place of birth is described as being in the Tha Wang Pha District of Nan Province, Thailand.[2][1] Her primary and secondary schools were also in the same district, at Rajapiyorasa Yupparachanusorn School, and at Tha Wang Pha Pittayakhom (Witthayakhom) School.[1][2] She went on to earn a bachelor's degree in nursing at the Royal Thai Army Nursing College in Bangkok, in 2008, as a member of Class 41;[1][2] Ounprom presented a published conference paper on smoking cessation efforts among enlisted soldiers while affiliated with her College.[9]

Career[edit]

According to Sineenat's official court biography and other sources, from 2008-2012, Sineenat—then known by her earlier name, Niramon Ounprom—worked as a nurse at Phra Mongkutklao Hospital, and at an army hospital, the Ananda Mahidol Hospital.[1][3]

Ounprom is described in her official biography as having risen to the rank of Colonel by 2015, and as having "enrolled in the Ratchawallop Police Retainers, the Royal King’s Guards 904".[1] Beginning prior to this, Ounprom is described as having completed various aspects of military training, including a course in parachuting, royal bodyguard training, and the Thai army's "Combat Qualifying Course in Jungle Warfare".[1] She is also described as having a private pilot's license after training in Germany, following aviation training in 2018 with the Thai Air Force.[1] As of May 2019 she was listed as a Major General.[clarification needed][1]

On 30 August 2019, as Sineenat, she was appointed deputy adviser of a prison reform initiative, "Sharing Happiness And Doing Good With Heart With the Department of Corrections".[10]

Personal life[edit]

In August 2019, a biography with 60 photos of Chao Khun Phra Sineenat,[11][12] posted on the website of the Bureau of the Royal Household, was so frequently accessed that it caused the website to crash.[6][13][14][15][16]

Title and styles, honours, and military ranks[edit]

All of her titles, honours, and military ranks were stripped by King Vajiralongkorn on 21 October 2019.[17]

Titles and styles[edit]

  • 28 January 1985 – December 2014: Miss Niramon Ounprom (Thai: นิรมล อุ่นพรม)
  • December 2014 – 28 July 2019: Col. Sineenat Wongvajirapakdi (Thai: สินีนาฏ วงศ์วชิราภักดิ์)
  • 30 April 2019 – 24 May 2019: Than Phu Ying (Dame) Col. Sineenat Wongvajirapakdi (Thai: ท่านผู้หญิงสินีนาฏ วงศ์วชิราภักดิ์)[18]
  • 24 May 2019 – 28 July 2019: Than Phu Ying (Dame) Maj. Gen. Sineenat Wongvajirapakdi (Thai: ท่านผู้หญิงสินีนาฏ วงศ์วชิราภักดิ์)[18]
  • 28 July 2019 – 20 October 2019: Chao Khun Phra (Royal Noble Consort) Sineenat Bilaskalayani (Thai: เจ้าคุณพระสินีนาฏ พิลาสกัลยาณี)[7]
  • 21 October 2019 – present: Miss Niramon Ounprom[7]

Honours[edit]

Military ranks[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Nation Staff (27 August 2019). "Official Biography of Royal Consort Released". Nation Thailand. Retrieved 21 October 2019.[better source needed]
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h Aunso (1 August 2019). "ประวัติและเส้นทางเกียรติยศ "เจ้าคุณพระสินีนาฏ พิลาสกัลยาณี" สตรีตำแหน่งเจ้าคุณพระ ท่านที่สองของไทย [Luxury/History and paths of honour: Fame and History—"Chao Khun Sininat Pailan Kanlayani", Lady Chao Chao Phra, The Second Person in Thailand]". Praew (แพรว). Retrieved 21 October 2019.[better source needed]
  3. ^ a b c d Thaitrakulpanich, Asaree (30 July 2019). "Rama X Names First Royal Consort in Almost a Century". Khaosod English. Retrieved 21 October 2019.
  4. ^ For sources on her training and career, including positions at court, see sections following. The title subject is listed under this Anglicised Thai name in the English language portion of the program of a conference proceedings, in 2007. See Ounprom, Niramon (5 December 2007), op. cit.
  5. ^ "ประกาศ เรื่อง สถาปนาเจ้าคุณพระสินีนาฏ พิลาสกัลยาณี" (PDF). Royal Gazette (in Thai). 136 (41 Khǒr): 3. 28 July 2019. Retrieved 28 July 2019.
  6. ^ a b Yuko, Elizabeth (29 August 2019). "Pictures of the Thai King's Consort Broke the Internet — But What's a Consort?". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 6 September 2019.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h "พระบรมราชโองการ ประกาศ เรื่อง ให้ข้าราชการในพระองค์ฝ่ายทหารพ้นจากตำแหน่ง ถอดฐานันดรศักดิ์ และยศทหาร ตลอดจนเรียกคืนเครื่องราชอิสริยาภรณ์ทุกชั้นตรา [เจ้าคุณพระสินีนาฏ พิลาสกัลยาณี]" (PDF). ราชกิจจานุเบกษา (in Thai). Bangkok: สำนักเลขาธิการคณะรัฐมนตรี. 136 (55 B): 1–2. 2019-10-21. Retrieved 2019-10-21.
  8. ^ BBC Staff (21 October 2019). "Thai King Strips Consort of Titles for 'Disloyalty'". BBC News. Retrieved 21 October 2019.
  9. ^ Ounprom, Niramon (5 December 2007). Factors Influencing the Successfulness of Smoking Cessation Behaviors Among Infantry Privates in Bangkok (PDF). The 35th Annual Scientific Meeting of Phramongkutklao Hospital and Phramongkutklao College of Medicine, Held in Conjunction with the University of Nevada School of Medicine, USA: Medical Progress for Healthy Long Life (in English and Thai). Bangkok, Thailand. p. 27. Retrieved 21 October 2019. The Celebration on the Auspicious Occasion of His Majesty The King's 80th Birthday AnniversaryCS1 maint: unrecognized language (link) See also the entry on p. 27 in the "conference program" (PDF). Royal Thai Army Medical Journal. 60 (Supplement, 1): 27. November 2007. Retrieved 21 October 2019.
  10. ^ Charuvastra, Teeranai (30 August 2019). "King's consort to help lead prison charity". Khaosod English. Retrieved 30 August 2019.
  11. ^ "Thai palace releases rare images of King Maha Vajiralongkorn's royal consort Sineenat Wongvajirapakdi". South China Morning Post. Agence France-Presse. 27 August 2019. Retrieved 6 September 2019.
  12. ^ https://www.posttoday.com/social/royal/598781
  13. ^ https://www.thaipost.net/main/detail/44314
  14. ^ https://www.sanook.com/news/7876970/gallery/
  15. ^ https://www.sanook.com/news/7876970/
  16. ^ https://news.thaipbs.or.th/content/283391
  17. ^ Agence France-Presse (2019-10-21). "Thailand's king strips 'disloyal' royal consort of titles and military ranks". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2019-10-21.
  18. ^ a b "เส้นทางเกียรติยศ เจ้าคุณพระสินีนาฏ พิลาสกัลยาณี". July 29, 2019 – via www.bbc.com.
  19. ^ "ประกาศ เรื่อง ทรงพระกรุณาโปรดเกล้าโปรดกระหม่อมพระราชทานเครื่องราชอิสริยาภรณ์ เป็นกรณีพิเศษ" (PDF). ราชกิจจานุเบกษา (in Thai). 134 (41ข): 2. 17 August 2017. Retrieved 27 October 2017.
  20. ^ a b "ประกาศ เรื่อง พระราชทานเครื่องราชอิสริยาภรณ์ชั้นสายสะพาย" (PDF). ราชกิจจานุเบกษา (in Thai). ๑๓๖ (๑๘ ข): ๑. 9 May 2019. Retrieved 9 May 2019.
  21. ^ a b Proctor, Charlie (21 October 2019). "BREAKING: Thailand's King Strips His Consort of Her Titles for Disloyalty". Royal Central. London, UK. Retrieved 21 October 2019.
  22. ^ The Khaosod English and Royal Central articles refer to this honour as "The Most Exalted Order of the White Elephant, Special Class".
  23. ^ a b "ประกาศ เรื่อง พระราชทานเครื่องราชอิสริยาภรณ์จุลจอมเกล้าและเหรียญรัตนาภรณ์" (PDF). ราชกิจจานุเบกษา (in Thai). ๑๓๖ (๑๗ ข): ๑. 9 May 2019. Retrieved 9 May 2019.
  24. ^ The Khaosod English and Royal Central articles refer to this honour as "The Most Noble Order of the Crown of Thailand, Special Class".
  25. ^ "ประกาศสำนักนายกรัฐมนตรี เรื่อง พระราชทานยศทหารต่ำกว่าชั้นนายพล" (PDF). ราชกิจจานุเบกษา (in Thai). 126 (10 ข): 182. 14 August 2009. Retrieved 27 October 2017.
  26. ^ "ประกาศสำนักนายกรัฐมนตรี เรื่อง พระราชทานยศทหารต่ำกว่าชั้นนายพล" (PDF). ราชกิจจานุเบกษา (in Thai). 129 (15 ข): 121. 27 April 2012. Retrieved 27 October 2017.
  27. ^ ประกาศสำนักนายกรัฐมนตรี เรื่อง พระราชทานยศทหารต่ำกว่าชั้นนายพล (PDF). ราชกิจจานุเบกษา (in Thai). 129 (27ข).
  28. ^ "ประกาศสำนักนายกรัฐมนตรี เรื่อง พระราชทานยศทหารชั้นต่ำกว่านายพล" (PDF). ราชกิจจานุเบกษา (in Thai). 134 (1 ข): 2. 6 January 2017. Retrieved 27 October 2017.
  29. ^ "พระบรมราชโองการประกาศ เรื่อง พระราชทานยศทหารชั้นนายพล และแต่งตั้งข้าราชบริพารในพระองค์ให้ดำรงตำแหน่ง" (PDF). ราชกิจจานุเบกษา (in Thai). 116 (24 ข): 1–2. 24 May 2019. Retrieved 24 May 2019.

Further reading[edit]

  • Nation Staff (27 August 2019). "Official Biography of Royal Consort Released". Nation Thailand. Retrieved 21 October 2019. [Third-party description of the official court biography of the Royal Consort, prior to royal revocation of all of Ounprom's titles and honours.]