Singampatti

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Singampatti Samasthanam
Princely State
Singampatti Samasthanam is located in Tamil Nadu
Singampatti Samasthanam
Singampatti Samasthanam
Location in Tamil Nadu, India
Coordinates: 8°42′N 77°28′E / 8.7°N 77.47°E / 8.7; 77.47Coordinates: 8°42′N 77°28′E / 8.7°N 77.47°E / 8.7; 77.47
Country  India
State Tamil Nadu
District Tirunelveli district
Languages
 • Official Tamil
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)

Singampatti is traditionally recognized as one of the 72 palaiyams of Tamil Nadu. This Maravar palaiyam headed 24 of 72 palaiyams was located in the Ambasamudram taluk, two miles from the spurs of the Western Ghats, in the former Tirunelveli province of the Nayak kingdom of Madurai.[1]

History[edit]

Its polygar belonged to the Siruthaali-Katti subcaste of the Maravar. According to tradition, the founder of the Singampati family was Apadhurhara Thevar, who on orders from the Pandyan ruler of the day, routed an invading Kannada army and, as a reward, was given possession of Singampati. The fifth in descent was made polygar of Singampati by Visvanatha Nayakar, the first king of Madurai. This palaiyam headed 24 palaiyams of 72 palaiyams of south Tamil Nadu (Undivided Tirunelveli,Thoothukudi and Kanyakumari) [1]

Coalition with Puli Thevar in Poligar War[edit]

Singampati was one of the palaiyams that joined Pooli Thevan’s coalition in 1754-1761 (see Nerkattumseval). In 1766, it joined the insurrectiont led by the polegar of Kollamkondan after victories over the Anglo-Nawabi forces helped the revolt spread to other polygars. That same year, General Donald Campbell began a systematic campaign, taking the forts of the major confederates one by one, including Singampati. Anxious over Hyder Ali’s activities, however, Campbell settled the polegars’ revenue accounts and restored them to their possessions in 1767.[1]

Post 1799[edit]

At the end of the First Polygar War in 1799, the polygar of Singampati surrendered one fort and 105 armed men to Major J. Bannerman. The palaiyam, which had been under the Company’s administration since 1798 , was restored to its former chief, Polygar Nellakotti Thevar(Nallakutti Thevar), in 1801, at the conclusion of the Second Polegar War; it survived into the 19th century as a zamindari. The zamindari originally had an area of more than 90 sq. m., and included four villages. [1]

Post abolition of Zamindari[edit]

Singampatti currently comes under Ambasamudram Taluk of Tirunelveli District.

Places of interest[edit]

Manjolai Hills

Located between elevations ranging from 1000 to 1500 Metres, the Manjolai area is set deep within the Western Ghats within the Kalakad Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve in the Tirunelveli District. Located on top of the Manimuthar Dam & the Manimuthar Water Falls, the Manjolai area comprises Tea Plantations, Small settlements around the tea plantations; Upper Kodaiyar Dam and a windy view point called Kuthiravetti

The Tea Plantations and the whole of Manjolai Estates are tea operated by The Bombay Burmah Trading Corporation Ltd on Forest Lands leased by the Singampatti Zamindar in 1929. There are 3 Tea Estates within the Manjolai area - Manjolai Estate, Manimutharu Estate & Oothu Estate. The Estates are located on elevations ranging between 2300 Feet to 4200 Feet. The estates, road & the settlements in the Manjolai area are managed by Singampatti Groups ane The Bombay Burmah Trading Corporation Ltd.

References[edit]