Singapore American School
|Singapore American School|
|40 Woodlands Street 41
|Type||Private International School|
|Superintendent||Dr. Chip Kimball|
|Campus size||36 acres (150,000 m2)|
|Color(s)||Red, white and blue|
|Website||Singapore American School, http://www.sas.edu.sg/|
Singapore American School (SAS) is a non-profit, independent, co-educational day school located in the Woodlands area of Singapore. SAS offers an American-based curriculum for students in preschool through high school. One of Singapore’s first international schools, SAS was founded in 1956, and started with a hundred students in a colonial house. It has since developed into a school of nearly 4,000 students on a 36-acre campus, the largest American-curriculum school outside the United States. It is also the largest single-campus international school in the world. SAS is accredited by the U.S.-based Western Association of Schools and Colleges (WASC).
Students at SAS hold passports from around fifty different countries, with approximately two-thirds of them being United States citizens. Few Singaporean students attend the school as Singapore government regulations prevent most local students from attending international schools within the country. The majority of the teachers come from the U.S., and staff members from over twenty other countries also work at SAS. Most are hired overseas, and three-quarters hold master’s or doctorate degrees. The maximum number of students per class in the Early Childhood Center (ECC) is 16, while for grades K through 12 it is 22.
Beyond the standard academic subjects, SAS also offers classes in foreign languages, music, art, physical education, dance, sports, and technology. SAS was one of the first international schools to offer the AP Capstone program in 2014-15, and annually offers around 30 AP courses. Frequent field trips and community service opportunities link students to their host country, as do social studies and history units focussing on Singapore and Southeast Asia. The campus has both air-conditioned and open-air spaces, and has received awards for its environmental efforts and huge solar panel array. In addition to classrooms, students have access to gyms, cafeterias, libraries and theaters, as well as courtyards, playgrounds, playing fields, a rainforest, and an eco-garden.
- 1 History
- 2 School governance and finance
- 3 School organization and divisions
- 4 Faculty
- 5 Academics
- 6 Co-Curricular and Extracurricular Activities
- 7 Environmental initiatives
- 8 Food services
- 9 Parent support organizations
- 10 School Facilities
- 11 Notable alumni
- 12 References
- 13 External links
Singapore American School was established by the American Association of Malaya in January, 1956. It was originally intended as a school for the children of American executives, missionaries, and diplomats who did not want to follow the British practice of sending school-aged children home to boarding schools. In the beginning, around a hundred elementary and junior-high students attended classes in a colonial house on Rochalie Drive, on the edge of downtown Singapore. High school classes were soon added, and the school grew quickly, attracting students from a wide variety of backgrounds.
Over the next half-century, the school moved several times:
- In 1962 the school moved to a purpose-built K-12 facility on King’s Road, as it had outgrown the Rochalie Drive campus.
- By 1971 the school’s population had outgrown the King's Road campus, and SAS’s younger students were moved to two temporary sites, Alexandra Junior School and Gillman Barracks.
- In 1973 a new K-8 campus opened on Ulu Pandan Road, and the KIng's Road campus was turned into an expanded high school.
- To accommodate a long wait-list, the satellite Baytree elementary campus in Clementi was established in 1990-91.
- In 1996 the Woodlands Campus was opened, and all SAS students were once again together on one campus.
Woodlands campus history
By the late 1980s, SAS again faced space constraints, as enrollment continued to outstrip capacity at both the King's Road and Ulu Pandan campuses. In addition, the Ulu Pandan lease would soon expire, and the Singapore government wanted the school to accommodate more students, as part of its push to attract foreign talent to help develop new industries. While SAS opened the temporary Baytree campus as a short-term solution, the government offered three sites for a brand-new campus, and the school selected a large plot in the developing Woodlands neighborhood. The school received a 90-year lease, with the stipulation that the new campus be able to accommodate 3,700 students. The site was developed at the cost of $150 million, and the Woodlands campus opened in the fall of 1996. To the surprise of many in the American community, enrollment quickly rose to capacity, and the western end of the campus had to be redeveloped into a new high school and early childhood center, which opened in 2004.
School governance and finance
SAS is a non-profit, member-based independent school. It is incorporated in the Republic of Singapore and recognized under the Singapore Charities Act. Parents, guardians, teachers and administrators are members of the school unless they opt out; currently there are over 4,900 members. All members are invited to the annual general meeting (AGM) in October, at which the superintendent reviews the school’s progress and finances, and to a budget meeting in January to review and discuss financing and priorities for the upcoming school year. Members participate in school governance by electing the board of governors. These twelve parents of enrolled students serve in a volunteer capacity for terms of three years. The board is responsible for hiring the superintendent and providing strategic oversight for the school, while the superintendent and administrative team are responsible for the school’s day-to-day operations.
The school’s finances are managed by the chief financial officer under the guidance of the superintendent and board. An independent financial audit is conducted annually and presented at the AGM. The school maintains financial reserves and an endowment to ensure long-term financial stability. A seven-member investment advisory committee supports the board in managing these funds. Two philanthropic organizations support educational programs, operations, and capital initiatives at SAS. These are the SAS Foundation Limited (Singapore), and the Singapore American School Foundation (United States). The SAS Annual Fund solicits donations to these foundations from current and former parents and employees, as well as from SAS alumni and friends of the school. Foundations funds make possible special opportunities for students, as well as providing for the long-term financial health of the school.
School organization and divisions
SAS is organized into three divisions: The elementary school (including the early childhood center) for preschool through grade 5; the middle school for grades 6-8; and the high school for grades 9-12. The primary school, which included grades preschool-2, and the intermediate school, which included grades 3-6, were combined into the elementary school in 2014 to minimize transitions for students, support research and development work, and promote better coordination across divisions. A principal and deputy principals guide each division.
Elementary School: Early Childhood Center
The SAS ECC serves three- and four-year-old students in a self-contained set of classrooms, activity spaces, and playgrounds adjacent to the high school. Students in the preschool and pre-K have a shorter school day than those in the rest of the school. Learning is play-based, and includes circle time, “stations” where literacy and numeracy skills are developed, and individual and small-group activities. Class sizes are capped at 16 students and each class has a teacher and an instructional aide. Parent volunteers often help with classroom activities.
Besides spending time in their individual classrooms, students have two recesses every day, which take place on the two ECC playgrounds and in the large central hall. They also have a separate Chinese class and a perceptual motor class in the “Fun Room.” Once a week students have library time in the ECC’s own library. Students also have “buddy time” with older students, counselling lessons to develop social skills, and special celebrations. They eat in the high school cafeteria at a designated ECC-only lunchtime.
Elementary School: grades K-5
Students in the elementary school are organized into classes with a maximum of 23 students. Teachers are supported by instructional aides. Students receive instruction in reading, writing, math, social studies, and science in their classrooms. The elementary school’s literacy program is based on the Columbia Teachers’ College program, and students use the enVision math program. Outside their home classrooms, students attend their choice of daily Spanish or Chinese language classes. Art, music, and PE classes occur in a three-day rotational schedule, with library, science laboratory, technology, and counselling lessons at longer intervals.
A 1:1 iPad program ensures that each K-5 student uses technology to support learning, and students have service learning opportunities based on grade-level themes. Special events include United Nations Day, PTA Book Fair, Pumpkin Patch and Halloween parties, winter holiday parties, Chinese New Year celebrations, and an end-of-year Play Day. Students in grades 3-5 may participate in the science fair. In each grade students go on several field trips. Destinations include the Singapore Zoo, Little India, the Asian Civilizations Museum, Sungei Buloh Wetlands Reserve, and various plays and theater offerings. Parents are welcome to help in classrooms, as field trip chaperones, and with parties and special events throughout the year.
The elementary school occupies the eastern end of the SAS campus, and includes its own language, art, music, and science classrooms, as well as a library, an auditorium/theater, two pools, four gyms (one with a climbing wall), two cafeterias, and several playgrounds.
Middle School: grades 6-8
The SAS middle school offers a foundation of academic classes complemented by elective courses and after-school activities. “Homebase” meets every morning, giving each group of a dozen students a daily connection with one teacher. With over 900 students, the middle school is organized into teams, called A Side, B Side, and C Side, each supported by a set of teachers. These smaller groups within the large middle school are intended to help meet students’ social, emotional, and academic needs. Besides the required courses (reading and language arts, math, science, social studies, and PE/health) students may take Chinese, French, or Spanish, strings, band, or choir, or a selection of electives including drama, art, technology, and cooking.
Student learning is supported in a number of ways in the middle school. A 1:1 laptop program was implemented in 2013-14. “Classroom Without Walls” takes each grade level to a regional destination for several days in the first month of school, and students develop relationships with peers and staff. Learning support teachers, school counselors and the school psychologist work with small groups and individuals needing specialized support. The school recently moved to a standards-based grading protocol.
The middle school occupies the central area of the SAS campus. Core classes are taught in classrooms grouped around large-group activity areas. Art, band, orchestra, choir, technology, cooking, health and dance occupy specially designed rooms. The middle school has its own playing field and library/media center. Students share a 25-meter pool, gymnasiums, and fields with the high school, and eat in the open-air elementary-middle school cafeteria.
High School: grades 9-12
The SAS high school offers a foundation of academic classes complemented by elective courses and after-school activities. Like many U.S. college preparatory schools, course requirements ensure a comprehensive liberal arts education. The “international perspective” central to the school's mission statement is reflected in academic offerings, service opportunities, and extracurricular activities. Students with different learning styles, interests, and skills are accommodated.
With the help of their counselors, students choose courses each April for the coming academic year. Required credits include English, math, science, social studies, visual and performing arts, physical education, and health education. American citizens must earn one credit in American Studies or US History. All students must take two years of a foreign language (Chinese, French, Japanese or Spanish) or demonstrate proficiency in another language. Students also participate in a week long "Interim Semester" every year. This is a required off-campus experience that provides high school students with experiences beyond the traditional classroom. Beginning with the class of 2018, all students must complete a Catalyst Project. Elective options include classes in technology, engineering and robotics, journalism and media, and independent studies. Students may also take specialist courses through the Global Online Academy; may enroll in SAS’s Summer Semester program; and may study abroad in China, France, Italy, or Spain through School Year Abroad.
SAS offers around thirty AP courses each year. Most SAS high school students participate in the program, with 86% of 2014 SAS college graduates having taken at least one AP exam. In May 2014, SAS students took 1,413 AP exams, with 96% receiving a score of 3 or higher, and 78% receiving a score of 4 or 5. SAS was selected as one of only twelve international schools to pilot the AP Capstone program during the 2014-15 school year.
Approximately 375 faculty members work full-time at SAS. These teachers come from twenty different countries, with 60% being American and 14% Canadian. Other countries of origin include Australia, China, Great Britain, New Zealand, and Singapore. Nearly three-quarters of SAS teachers have a master's degree in addition to a bachelor's degree, and 2% hold a PhD. Teachers tend to be experienced, with nearly 60% having at least ten years of teaching experience before arriving at SAS. In recent years, SAS teachers' average stay at the school has been between six and seven years. Currently, 57% of SAS teachers had been at the school five or fewer years, with 15% having stayed six to ten years, and 28% having been at SAS a decade or more. The student-teacher ration is 10.54:1, and class sizes are limited to 16 in the ECC and, with rare exceptions, 22 for grades K-12.
All curriculum at SAS is standards-based and aligned to current recommendations of U.S. professional associations. Faculty are organized into professional learning communities (PLCs) that set essential learning targets and develop common assessments. PLCs also refine academic offerings to ensure that all students are appropriately challenged and supported in their learning.
SAS has identified seven critical skills it believes students need to be prepared for academic, professional, and interpersonal success in the twenty-first century. These seven “desired student learning outcomes,” or DSLOs, include content knowledge, cultural competence, character, collaboration, communication, critical thinking, and creativity.
SAS examines at least one subject area each year, focusing on current best practices and assessing how well the subject area is achieving the DSLOs. Teaching methods, educational resources, alignment with U.S. standards, student test scores, interdivisional alignment, and interdisciplinary connections are all analyzed. During the 2014-15 school year, the subject areas of science and physical education/health were reviewed.
SAS student test scores consistently show a high level of academic achievement. Students in grades 3 through 9 take the Measures of Academic Progress (MAP) assessments in math, reading, and language use twice yearly. SAS students' average MAP scores are higher than average scores of students in the U.S. and comparable regional international schools.
SAS began offering Advanced Placement courses in 1968, and over the years it has developed an extensive AP program. Today, 85% of high school students take at least one AP exam during their time at SAS. Offering around thirty AP courses each year, SAS has one of the largest AP programs of any school outside the U.S. In the spring of 2015, SAS students took over 1,500 AP exams, with 93% of these scoring a 3 or higher, and 74% awarded a 4 or 5.
Students graduating from SAS overwhelmingly go on to college or university, and the application process is supported by a comprehensive college counseling program. Of the class of 2015, 90% went directly on to college or university, with 8% completing Singapore's National Service requirement (applicable to male Singaporean citizens or permanent residents) and 2% taking a gap year. 80% of those going directly on to college chose a U.S. institution, 7% went to Canada, and the remainder attended Australian, British, and Asian universities.
Co-Curricular and Extracurricular Activities
SAS offers physical education classes across all divisions, starting with perceptual motor classes in the Early Childhood Center. Younger students have ample opportunities for after-school athletics through the Elementary After School Activities (EASA) program, which offers weekday, pay-as-you-go classes such as Dodgeball, Game Busters, Badminton, and Taekwondo. Students may also try out for EASA soccer and rugby teams, which compete against other teams in the Athletic Conference of Singapore International Schools (ACSIS), of which SAS is a founding member.
Middle school students have PE (including health lessons) every second day. The all-inclusive MS after-school program includes many sports opportunities. Representative teams in soccer, cross-country, rugby, badminton, basketball, volleyball, track and field, tennis and swimming require try-outs and compete against other schools. Clubs and intramural teams offer climbing, ultimate frisbee, soccer, lacrosse, table-tennis, dodgeball, basketball, volleyball, and cricket.
High school athletes try out for boys’ and girls’ freshman/reserve, junior varsity, and varsity teams, depending on age and ability. Sports include cross-country, soccer, volleyball, basketball, rugby, touch rugby, swimming, tennis, badminton, golf, softball, and track and field. Teams compete against ACSIS teams, teams from local schools, community teams, and sometimes teams from other international schools in the region. Besides playing locally, varsity teams participate in the Interscholastic Association of Southeast Asia (IASAS). This organization, composed of six international schools with similar histories, was founded in 1982 to provide an organized, coordinated athletic conference for international competitions. Besides SAS, IASAS includes the International School of Kuala Lumpur, the International School of Bangkok, the Intercultural School of Jakarta, the International School of Manila, and Taipei American School. Each sport’s season culminates with a competitive final tournament at one of the IASAS schools, hosted on a rotating schedule. Students stay with host school families, and develop both rivalries and friendships with the competition.
SAS students have many other sporting options. The SAS Community Sports and Activities (CSA) program offers sports such as baseball, swimming, gymnastics, and soccer after school and on weekends. American football enthusiasts can play in the Singapore American Football League (SAFL), organized by the Singapore American Community Action Council (SACAC). Many SAS students participate in local teams and leagues, or take lessons from private coaches or through Singapore social clubs such as the American Club.
Extra-curricular Clubs and Activities
Students in the elementary school have a range of after-school options available to them through the Elementary After School Activities (EASA) program. This provides pay-as-you-go participation in a number of extra classes in areas such as music, arts and crafts, and cooking.
Middle school students participate in teacher-led after-school activities at no extra cost. These include activities such as Caring for Cambodia, National History Day Club, Chess Club, Spanish Language Club, and Junior Model United Nations. Middle school students may also audition for the annual fall dance show and the annual spring play or musical. SAS National History Day Club students who completed group research projects won both first and second prizes in the Junior Group Project division at the National History Day competition in 2015.
High school students run and participate in more than ninety clubs, organizations, and activities. These span a wide variety of interests and talents, and include athletic clubs, academic honor societies, academic interest clubs, environmental clubs, fine arts activities, language and cultural clubs, media and publications, music, dance, and theater performances, service clubs, social clubs, and student government. SAS high school students participate in Model United Nations and compete in a variety of math competitions as well as Knowledge Bowl and Academic Quiz Club. Students compete in debate and forensics in the annual IASAS Cultural Conventions, which also include dance, drama, art and music. Student editors of The Eye school newspaper won the Straits Times National Youth Media Competition in 2014.
Community service has been part of the SAS experience since students began volunteering at a local hospital in the 1960s. Currently, the emphasis at all levels is for students to have hands-on service experiences. Elementary students participate in local charities’ efforts by visiting local schools and care homes and conducting fund-raisers like walkathons and readathons. Middle school students support causes they learn about in social studies and science classes, and also design independent service projects. Over half the high school extracurricular organizations are service clubs, such as Migrant Workers Outreach Program, Leprosy Home, Medical Explorers Club, Global Issues Network, and Youth for Girls. Elected high school students make up the Executive Service Council, an umbrella organization providing logistical and funding support for service clubs. Student fundraisers, parent organizations, and philanthropic donors also provide funding for service club efforts.
SAS incorporates environmental initiatives in its facilities planning and classroom activities. Recent sustainability improvements include a large photovoltaic array, the conversion of a formerly air-conditioned cafeteria to an open-air space, a digester for food waste, enhancements to the school’s rain forest and eco-garden, and the installation of low-flow faucets, more efficient chillers, and “green walls.” The school’s one-megawatt solar photovoltaic system includes nearly 3,500 panels on the school’s rooftops, and earned the school a 2013 Solar Pioneer Award from Singapore’s Economic Development Board. Singapore’s Building and Construction Association awarded SAS a Green Mark “Gold” Award for sustainability in 2013. Student participation in the school’s sustainability includes science projects studying how to cut down on paper-towel usage, student clubs running recycling efforts, and students helping with island-wide efforts such as the annual Coastal Cleanup Day.
SAS students eat in three cafeterias: the elementary school cafeteria for grades K-2; the elementary-middle school cafeteria for grades 3-8; and the high school cafeteria, where the early childhood center children also eat in a designated area. Food provider Hoe Brothers Catering has been working with the school since the 1960s, and alumni remember signature dishes with fondness. High school students also have the choice of purchasing food from on-campus outlets such as Subway and Baja Fresh.
The SAS cafeterias provide a variety of meals, including Asian, Western, and vegetarian options. Younger students buy set meals, while older students can choose from set meals or a la carte items. SAS works with a school nutritionist, and in recent years has moved toward alignment with USDA standards for school meals and snacks. Healthy changes include increasing amounts of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains in meals, using healthier oils and less sugar and salt, and eliminating sodas and sugary drinks from campus. In 2014, these changes were featured in an episode of MediaCorp Channel 5’s TV show “The Food Detectives.”
Parent support organizations
SAS Parent Teacher Association (PTA)
The PTA was founded in the same year as the school, and continues to encourage community participation in school events and support student learning opportunities. It is as a separate legal entity with an elected board, and membership is automatic for school families and faculty members. The PTA organizes classroom holiday parties, field trip chaperones, and special community events such as the Open House Ice Cream Social, the International Fair, and various parent coffees. Volunteers also run the on-campus uniform store. Funds raised by the PTA support visiting authors and artists, library acquisitions, and scholarships.
SAS Eagles Booster Club
The SAS Eagles Booster Club is a parent organization that supports SAS high school students. It started in 1985 to support student athletic teams, and quickly expanded its mission to include boosting school spirit and promoting teamwork and sportsmanship. Volunteers run the Booster Booth, which sells high school uniforms, spirit items, and school supplies. They also organise barbecues, spirit events, scholar luncheons, and the annual Trivia Night. Funds raised by the Boosters are used to support student clubs, productions, and teams, recognize academic achievements, and provide scholarships.
SAS occupies a 36-acre parcel of land near Singapore’s northern coast. Opened in 1996 and expanded in 2004, the Woodlands campus is divided into three divisions: the elementary school for preschool through grade 5; the middle school for grades 6-8; and the high school for grades 9-12. School facilities include air-conditioned classrooms and purpose-designed spaces for science, language, music, drama, dance, art and cooking classes. The campus is about a 35-minute drive from downtown Singapore.
Other facilities of note include:
- 3 library-media centers (one per division)
- 2 elementary school pools and a 25-meter pool shared by the middle and high schools
- 6 gyms spread across the divisions, including the student-run APEx Fitness and Wellness Center
- an all-weather track and covered 1000-seat stadium
- 3 full-size soccer/football fields (two grass, one turf), as well as smaller elementary and middle school playing fields
- 3 baseball/softball fields with covered dugouts
- 5 tennis courts with lighting
- four theaters, including the recently renovated school auditorium with Constellation Sound System
- three large and several smaller playgrounds
- an elementary school climbing wall and an air-conditioned middle school/high school climbing gym
- a high ropes course
- an eco-garden
- a 1.58-acre rainforest
- 2 nursing offices staffed by registered nurses
- 2 underground parking lots
- 2 parent-run stores selling uniforms and spirit items
- a school book-room
- Julia Abueva (class of 2013): Singer and actress who has performed in Singapore and the Philippines, as well as in London's West End revival of Miss Saigon in the title role of Kim.
- Jim Baker (class of 1966, taught in the high school from 1971-2014): Author whose books include Crossroads: A Popular History of Malaysia and Singapore and The Eagle in the Lion City: America, Americans and Singapore.
- Kendra Williams Bowers (class of 1990): Lieutenant in the U.S. Navy, Bowers was the first female American combat pilot to bomb an enemy target, during Operation Desert Fox in 1998. She was the SAS graduation speaker in 2003.
- Aimee Cheng-Bradshaw: Model, TV host of The Dance Floor and 3rd Place Winner of Asia's Next Top Model, Cycle 3.
- Micheline Lim Chau (class of 1971) - President and COO of Lucasfilm until her retirement in 2012, she travelled back to Singapore to mark the establishment and expansion of the Lucasfilm Singapore production studio.
- Lynn Collins: actress who has appeared in John Carter (film), The Merchant of Venice (2004 film), X-Men Origins: Wolverine, and TV series such as True Blood.
- Tammy Duckworth: US Congresswoman from Illinois and Iraq War veteran.
- Hussein N. El Lessy (class of 1985): Engineer-Scientist for the Boeing Company and NASA, he has worked as “Flight Lead” for space flights and with the International Space Station Life Support systems team. He spent a week at SAS working with students at all levels in 2005-6.
- Michael P. Fay: SAS teen convicted of vandalism and theft in 1994 for spray-painting a car and stealing road signs. Fay was sentenced to four months jail and six strokes of the cane, reduced to four strokes after the intervention of U.S. President Bill Clinton. The case provoked extensive debate in Singapore and the United States about issues such as juvenile misbehavior, interrogation procedures, corporal punishment, national sovereignty, and the clash between "Western values" and "Asian values."
- George B. Fitch (class of 1965): Mayor of Warrenton, Virginia, and a former candidate for Governor of Virginia, he was one of the co-founders of the Jamaican Bobsled Team for the 1988 Winter Olympics, which inspired the Disney film Cool Runnings.
- Cork Graham: Combat photographer imprisoned in Vietnam for illegally entering the country while looking for treasure buried by Captain Kidd. Attended SAS from 1972-1977.
- Michael Graham: rugby union player for Philadelphia Whitemarsh RFC and the international USA Hawks.
- Jen Heck: writer, director, and producer of award-winning short films, her work has appeared at such film festivals as the Whitney Biennial, the Sundance Film Festival, and the São Paulo International Film Festival.
- Brandon Huisman (class of 1995): Cordon Bleu-trained Executive Chef at The Balé and The Amala, two gourmet restaurants on Bali, Indonesia.
- Ellie Koncki (class of 2015, left SAS in June 2014): Touch rugby player, member of the U.S. Women’s Open Team in the 2015 Touch Rugby World Cup in Australia.
- Kurt Kusserow (class of 1981): Bishop of the Southwestern Pennsylvania Synod of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America since 2007, Kurt, the son of missionary parents, grew up in Malaysia and Singapore.
- Inbal Megiddo (class of 1994): Cellist who has performed at such venues as the Kennedy Center in Washington, D.C., Carnegie Hall in New York, and the Berliner Philharmonie; she has performed and recorded with the Grammy Award-nominated group, The Yale Cellos.
- Siddharth Mohandas (class of 1986): Principal Deputy Director of the U.S. Department of State’s Policy Planning Staff, he has also served in various roles for the Pentagon and State Department and was an editor at Foreign Affairs magazine.
- Julia Nickson-Soul (class of 1976): Actress who has appeared in Rambo: First Blood Part II, Star Trek: The Next Generation, Babylon 5 and Walker Texas Ranger.
- Peter Terbush: Rockclimber and outdoorsman who died at 22 in a Yosemite National Park rockslide, he helped two partners scramble to safety instead of saving himself.
- Marijn van der Poll (class of 1992): Dutch artist and designer who has displayed at galleries and museums such as The Kunsthal, The Rocket gallery in Tokyo and the Louvre. Creator of the Do Hit Chair.
- Tom Wagner (class of 1990): Official photographer for the Tampa Bay Buccaneers for three years.
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