|Singapore Exchange Limited
|Founded||1 December 1999|
|Key people||Chew Choon Seng (Chairman)
Loh Boon Chye (CEO)
|Currency||Singapore dollar, US dollar|
|No. of listings||776|
Singapore Exchange Limited (SGX, SGX: S68) is an investment holding company located in Singapore and provides different services related to securities and derivatives trading and others. SGX is a member of the World Federation of Exchanges and the Asian and Oceanian Stock Exchanges Federation.
- 1 Structure
- 2 Listing
- 3 Trading system
- 4 Trading hours
- 5 History
- 6 Merger talks
- 7 Companies listed on Singapore Exchange
- 8 Major shareholders
- 9 References
- 10 Further reading
- 11 External links
SGX operates several different divisions, each responsible for handling specific businesses.
- SGX ETS (Electronic Trading System): provides global trading access to SGX markets where 80 percent of the customers are from outside Singapore.
- SGX DT (Derivatives Trading): provides derivatives trading.
- SGX ST (Securities Trading): provides securities trading.
- SGX DC (Derivatives Clearing): subsidiary for clearing and settlement operations.
- SGX AsiaClear: offers clearing services for over-the-counter (OTC) oil swaps and forward freight agreements.
- SGX Reach: an electronic trading platform.
- Central Depository Pte Ltd: subsidiary responsible for securities clearing, settlement and depository services.
- Asian Gateway Investments Pte Ltd: wholly owned subsidiary
- Singapore Exchange IT Solutions Pte Ltd: provides computer services and maintenance as well as software maintenance
The companies listed on SGX belong to one of two groups: the companies listed on the SGX Mainboard and the companies listed on SGX SESDAQ. In order to be listed on the mainboard, a company has to fulfill some requirements set forth by SGX, while a listing on SESDAQ is not tied to the fulfillment of any additional conditions.
The exchange launched SGX QUEST (SGX Quotation and Execution System) in August 2004. The system is used by the exchange for derivatives and securities trading.
|Start time||End time|
|Pre open||8:30 am||8:59 am|
|Market open||9:00 am||5:00 pm|
|Pre close||5:00 pm||5:05 pm|
Formation of SGX
SGX was formed on 1 December 1999 as a holding company. The share capital of some former exchange companies, namely Stock Exchange of Singapore (SES), Singapore International Monetary Exchange (Simex) and Securities Clearing and Computer Services Pte Ltd (SCCS) was cancelled and new shares issued in these companies were fully paid up by SGX. In this way, all assets previously owned by these three companies were transferred to SGX. The shareholders previously holding shares in SES, Simex and SCCS received newly issued SGX shares.
Second Listed Exchange in Asia-Pacific
On 23 November 2000, SGX became the second exchange in Asia-Pacific to be listed via a public offer and a private placement (Australian Securities Exchange was listed in 1998). Listed on its own bourse, the SGX stock is a component of benchmark indices such as the MSCI Singapore Free Index and the Straits Times Index.
On 25 September 2006, the Joint Asian Derivatives Exchange (JADE), a joint venture between SGX and Chicago Board of Trade (CBOT) became operational. However, this joint venture was cancelled in November 2007, with CME Groups selling of its 50% stake in the joint venture to SGX. The contracts previously traded on JADE were transferred to SGX's QUEST trading platform.
In August 2009, SGX formed a joint venture with Chi-X Global, called Chi-East. At the beginning of October 2010, this joint venture received approval from the Monetary Authority of Singapore to operate a dark pool trading platform.
On 15 June 2007, Tokyo Stock Exchange, Inc. announced that it had acquired a 4.99% stake in SGX. Since then the value of the shares has declined and the Tokyo Stock Exchange, Inc. has made a decision to sell the shares it holds in SGX to its parent company, the Tokyo Stock Exchange Group, Inc.
At the beginning of 2008, SGX reached an agreement to buy at least 95% of Singapore Commodity Exchange. On 30 June 2008, SGX completed the acquisition of Singapore Commodity Exchange Ltd (SICOM), which now is a 100% subsidiary.
On 8 June 2010, SGX announced it has opened an office in London. This is part of SGXs move to invest S$250 million into its Reach initiative. By implementing this initiative, SGX plans to create the world's fastest trading engine and a data centre as well as further connecting trading communities in the world to Singapore. The new trading platform, SGX Reach, will be delivered to SGX by NASDAQ OMX, Voltaire and HP. This platform is based on GENIUM, a trading platform developed by NASDAQ OMX.
SGX has entered a partnership with NASDAQ OMX. Together they will provide a suite of tools and solutions for companies, which is designed to support listed companies in Asia.
Dual currency trading
SGX plan to introduce dual currency trading of securities — Which includes stocks, bonds and other listed investments in two different denominations, the Singapore and US dollar on 2 April 2012.
As of 31 January 2010, SGX had 774 listed companies with a combined market capitalisation of S$650 billion. The revenues of SGX are mainly from the securities market (75%) and derivatives market (25%).
SGX reported a net profit of $165.8 million for the first half of its financial year 2010. Excluding non-recurring items, net profit was 7% higher compared to 1H FY2009 ($159.2 million). In the second quarter of the financial year 2010, excluding the non-recurring items, net profit of $77.0 million was 3% higher than a year ago. Operating revenue increased 6% to $324.0 million (1H FY2009: $304.9 million).
In October 2012, excessive speculation led to the sharp price fall of three mainboard stocks, Blumont Group Ltd, Asiasons Capital Ltd. and LionGold Corp. SGX and the Monetary Authority of Singapore (MAS) launched a review of activities around the three stocks, and in February 2014 jointly issued a consultation paper setting out a number of enhancements to strengthen the securities market and protect investors from speculative and market manipulative behaviour. Enhancements included implementing a minimum trading price for mainboard listed issuers, requiring reporting of short positions and the creation of three independent regulatory bodies.
Merger talks with ASX
Criticism from Tokyo Stock Exchange
SGX's plans to buy ASX have drawn criticism from the Tokyo Stock Exchange, which is the second largest shareholder in SGX. A representative of the TSE said SGX's bid for ASX "would flag off a race to consolidate". TSE chief Atsushi Saito fears isolation of the Tokyo Stock Exchange as a result of the takeover.
Revision of takeover proposal
SGX revised its initial takeover proposal in an attempt to overcome some of the opposition to the plans. This would have decreased the number of Singaporean citizens on the board of the combined company and would have given addition seats to Australians.
Rejection of merger
However, on 8 April 2011, the Australian Treasurer and Deputy Leader of the Australian Labor Party, Wayne Swan, made the decision to block the merger between the two exchanges. Upon the announcement that the federal government would block the merger, SGX retracted its bid for ASX shares and decided to seek growth opportunities elsewhere.
Cooperation and merger talks with LSE
As of July 2012, SGX is in merger talks with the London Stock Exchange (LSE) and the two exchanges already signed a cross trading agreement. However, on 20 July SGX said there are no plans for a takeover of or merger with LSE.
Companies listed on Singapore Exchange
The following is a listing of the shareholders of Singapore Exchange Ltd holding at least 5 percent as of 31 July 2012:
- SEL Holdings Pte Ltd – 23.41%
- Citibank Nominees Singapore Pte Ltd – 10.62%
- DBS Nominees Pte Ltd – 7.50%
- DBSN Services Pte Ltd – 5.65%
- "J Y Pillay to step down as SGX chairman at year-end". Channel NewsAsia. Retrieved 14 September 2010.
- "SGX appoints Loh Boon Chye as new CEO". Channel NewsAsia. Retrieved 9 June 2015.
- "SGX introduces dual currency trading". Channel NewsAsia. Retrieved 23 March 2012.
- Singapore Exchange Ltd, Reuters, retrieved 21 September 2010 Archived at WebCite
- Singapore Exchange, WFE, archived from the original on 2011-06-06, retrieved 21 September 2010 Archived 5 June 2011 at WebCite
- Member Directory & Profile, AOSEF, retrieved 21 September 2010 Archived 5 June 2011 at WebCite
- Huat Tan, Chwee (2002). Singapore Financial and Business Sourcebook. Singapore University Press. p. 140. ISBN 9971-69-256-2.
- SGX Offers Derivatives Trading Via Internet, Internetnews.com, retrieved 12 October 2010 Archived 5 June 2011 at WebCite
- Exchange: Singapore Exchange Securities Trading Limited (SGX-ST) (PDF), emoney.co.ir, retrieved 24 November 2010[dead link]
- Huat, T. C. (2005). Financial markets and institutions in Singapore (11th ed.). Singapore: Singapore University Press / NUS Publishing. p. 248. ISBN 978-9971-69-314-5.
- About SGX AsiaClear, Singapore Exchange Ltd, archived from the original on 29 May 2009, retrieved 12 October 2010[dead link]
- SGX to invest $250m in new trading platform technology, bobsguide, retrieved 12 October 2010 Archived at WebCite
- The American Stock Exchange and Singapore Exchange Begin Trading ETFs in Singapore, Farlex Inc, retrieved 12 October 2010 Archived 5 June 2011 at WebCite
- Singapore Exchange Ltd's Subsidiary Acquires 49% Shares in Energy Market Company Pte Ltd, Reuters, retrieved 3 September 2012 Archived 28 January 2013 at WebCite
- "Investments in Subsidiaries", The Asian Gateway Singapore Exchange Annual Report 2012 July 2011 - June 2012 (PDF), Annual Report, Singapore Exchange Ltd, 2012, p. 122
- Singapore Exchange (SGX), ADVFN, retrieved 15 April 2011 Archived 5 June 2011 at WebCite
- Singapore Exchange adopts Financial Information eXchange Protocol to strengthen position in global financial markets (PDF), ASIA PAC, archived from the original (PDF) on 11 October 2008, retrieved 12 October 2010
- "SGX Trading Hours & Calendar". Retrieved 26 September 2015.
- Shaw, A., Singapore Stock Exchange — Demutualization and Listing of the Singapore Exchange Limited (PDF), archived from the original (PDF) on 16 November 2004, retrieved 21 October 2010
- JADE Begins Trading With TSR 20 Rubber Futures Contract, CME Group, retrieved 1 October 2010 Archived 5 June 2011 at WebCite
- CME gives up on JADE with SGX sell-up, FOW, retrieved 1 October 2010 Archived 5 June 2011 at WebCite
- Ex-BlocSec CEO to lead Chi-East dark pool, The Trade News, archived from the original on 2011-06-06, retrieved 10 October 2010 Archived 5 June 2011 at WebCite
- Chi-East receives MAS approval to operate dark pool trading platform, Channel NewsAsia, archived from the original on 30 August 2012, retrieved 10 October 2010
- Timmons, Heather (7 March 2007), "Bombay Stock Exchange sells 5% stake to Singapore Exchange", The New York Times, retrieved 1 October 2010 Archived 3 September 2012 at WebCite
- Philippine Dealing System Holdings Corp Becoming Associated Company of Singapore Exchange Limited (PDF), Singapore Exchange Limited, retrieved 1 October 2010 Archived 30 August 2012 at WebCite
- SGX to take majority stake in Singapore Commodity Exchange, Finextra Research, retrieved 22 July 2011 Archived at WebCite
- Singapore Exchange Limited Completes Acquisition of Singapore Commodity Exchange Limited, Thomson Reuters, retrieved 1 October 2010[dead link]
- Singapore Exchange Ltd acquires Singapore Commodity Exchange, Alacra, Inc., retrieved 9 February 2012 (subscription required)
- Singapore Exchange Ltd. Summary Annual Report 2008 (PDF), Singapore Exchange Ltd., p. 9
- "Financial Statements for the Full Year Ended 30 June 2009", Supplemental Listing Document (PDF), Singapore Exchange, p. 18 of 35, retrieved 27 January 2013
- Singapore Exchange opens Beijing representative office, Finextra, retrieved 2 October 2010 Archived 5 June 2011 at WebCite
- Singapore: The Singapore Exchange opens Beijing representative office, Asia Legal Business, retrieved 2 October 2010 Archived 5 June 2011 at WebCite
- SGX expands in London (PDF), Singapore Exchange Limited, retrieved 21 October 2010
- SGX expands in London, The Trade News, archived from the original on 2011-06-06, retrieved 21 October 2010 Archived 5 June 2011 at WebCite
- SGX establishes London office to better serve European customers, MediaCorp Pte Ltd, retrieved 21 October 2010
- SGX to boost trading speeds, global links, Singapore Press Holdings Ltd, retrieved 21 October 2010
- SGX invests $250 million to offer fastest access to Asia, WFE, retrieved 21 October 2010 Archived 5 June 2011 at WebCite
- Gateway to Asia, The NASDAQ OMX Group, Inc., archived from the original on 2011-06-06, retrieved 21 October 2010 Archived 5 June 2011 at WebCite
- Singapore Exchange Partners With NASDAQ OMX to Offer Innovative Corporate Solutions to Asian Companies, DGAP News Service, retrieved 12 April 2011
- Reuters "Singapore launches probe into penny stocks crash", 24 October 2014
- Baker and McKenzie "MAS and SGX Jointly Propose Enhancements to Securities Market and Self-Regulatory Framework", February 2014
- "SGX, Australian stock exchange in merger talks". Channel NewsAsia. Archived from the original on 30 August 2012. Retrieved 22 October 2010.
- Singapore stock exchange bids $8.3bn for Australian ASX Archived 5 June 2011 at WebCite
- "ACCC clears proposed acquisition of ASX by Singapore Exchange". Commonwealth of Australia. Archived from the original on 5 June 2011. Retrieved 7 January 2011.
- "Singapore's bid to buy stock exchange stings Australia's prestige". China Post. Archived from the original on 5 June 2011. Retrieved 19 March 2011.
- "Tokyo fears stock exchange merger plan". Archived from the original on 5 June 2011. Retrieved 19 March 2011.
- Shani Raja; Sarah Jones (15 February 2011). "Singapore Exchange Recasts ASX Bid to Fight Lawmaker Opposition". Bloomberg. Archived from the original on 5 June 2011. Retrieved 18 April 2011.
- "SGX eyes other opportunities". Channel NewsAsia. Retrieved 10 April 2011.
- Mangan, S.; Armstrong, R. (19 July 2012). "LSE, Singapore exchange in merger talks: report". Reuters. Archived from the original on 30 August 2012. Retrieved 30 August 2012.
- "SGX and LSE Sign Cross Trading Agreement". FinanzNachrichten.de. 11 July 2012. Archived from the original on 30 August 2012. Retrieved 30 August 2012.
- "Singapore exchange denies LSE merger talks". Reuters. 20 July 2012. Archived from the original on 2012-09-04. Retrieved 4 September 2012.
- SGX market statistics
- "Statistics of Shareholdings", The Asian Gateway Singapore Exchange Annual Report 2012 July 2011 - June 2012 (PDF), Annual Report, Singapore Exchange Ltd, 2012, p. 163
- Banks, E. (2003). Exchange-traded derivatives. Chichester, West Sussex: John Wiley & Sons Ltd. pp. 157–160. ISBN 978-0-470-84841-8.
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