Singapore Flyer

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Coordinates: 1°17′21.83″N 103°51′47.63″E / 1.2893972°N 103.8632306°E / 1.2893972; 103.8632306

Singapore Flyer
Singapore Singapore-Flyer-Ferris-wheel-01.jpg
General information
TypeFerris wheel
Construction started2005[1]
Opening11 February 2008 (restricted)[2]
1 March 2008 (soft)
15 April 2008 (official)
CostS$240 million
OwnerStraco Corporation Limited (90%), WTS Leisure Pte Ltd (10%)[4]
Height165 m (541 ft)
Diameter150 metres (492 ft)
Technical details
Floor area33,700 m2 (362,700 sq ft)
Design and construction
ArchitectKisho Kurokawa Architects & Associates, DP Architects
DeveloperMelchers Singapore
Main contractorMitsubishi – Takenaka Consortium[3]
Other information
Seating capacity784
Singapore Flyer
Chinese name
Simplified Chinese新加坡摩天观景轮
Malay name
MalayPelayang Singapura
Tamil name
Tamilசிங்கப்பூர் ராட்டினம்

The Singapore Flyer is an observation wheel at the Downtown Core district of Singapore. Officially opened on 15 April 2008, it has 28 air-conditioned capsules, each able to accommodate 28 passengers, and incorporates a three-story terminal building.[5][6]

The Flyer has an overall height of 165 metres (541 ft) and was the world's tallest Ferris wheel until the 167.6 m (550 ft) High Roller, which is 2.6 m (9 ft) taller than the Flyer,[7] opened on the Las Vegas Strip in Nevada, US, on 31 March 2014.[8]

Early history[edit]

The Singapore Flyer was first conceived in the early 2000s by Patrick MacMahon of Melchers Project Management, a subsidiary of German company Melchers. Formal planning commenced in 2002. A new company, Singapore Flyer Pte Ltd, was formed as the developer, with Melchers Project Management holding a 75% stake, and the remainder held by Orient & Pacific Management.[citation needed]

The project was formally announced and endorsed on 27 June 2003 by the Singapore Tourism Board with the signing of a memorandum of understanding, formalising the understanding between the developer and tourism board with regard to the land-acquisition process. Under this agreement, the tourism board was to purchase the plot of land in Marina Centre from the Singapore Land Authority, and lease it to Singapore Flyer Pte Ltd for 30 years with an option to extend the lease by another 15 years. The land was to be rent-free during the construction phase of the project. In July 2003, Jones Lang LaSalle was appointed as the real estate advisor. Takenaka and Mitsubishi were selected as the main contractors, and Arup as the structural engineer.[citation needed]

The project was grind almost to a halt when the developer faced difficulties in sourcing funds to build the wheel. Original plans to complete the wheel by the end of 2005 were thus postponed indefinitely, and there were reports (denied by the Singapore Tourism Board) that the tourism board had set an ultimatum date of 31 March 2005 for the developer to iron out its financial issues and to keep the development going.[citation needed]

By September 2005, the project was revived when funds were successfully sourced from two German banks. Collin William Page, a subsidiary of ABN AMRO, was to provide equity to a maximum of S$100 million, with a further S$140 million coming from HypoVereinsbank. With this injection of S$240 million, the largest single foreign investment in the Singaporean entertainment industry, construction was slated to begin by the end of the month. The stakeholders then were AAA Equity Holdings, Melchers Project Management, and Orient & Pacific Management.[citation needed]

In August 2007, Florian Bollen, Singapore Flyer Pte Ltd chairman, raised his stake in the Singapore Flyer from 60% to 90% through acquisition of Melchers Project Management's 30% stake. The deal was done via AAA Equity Holdings, a private investment vehicle headed by Bollen. Orient & Pacific Management, which spearheaded the project development management, owns the remaining 10%.[citation needed]


Aerial perspective of the Singapore Flyer during the Chingay Festival preparations, February 2018

The development has a gross building area of approximately 16,000 m2 (172,000 sq ft), built on a 33,700 m2 (362,700 sq ft) site along the Marina Promenade. Designed by Arup and Mitsubishi Heavy Industries with a capacity of up to 7.3 million passengers a year, the normally constant rotation of the wheel means that a complete trip lasts approximately 32 minutes.[9]

The Flyer's 28 air-conditioned capsules are mounted outboard of the rim of the wheel structure, providing continuously unobstructed views. Each capsule has a floor area of 26 m2 (280 sq ft) and is capable of holding 28 passengers, or up to five wheelchairs and 15 other visitors when booked in advance for use by disabled guests.[10]

The wheel initially rotated in a counter-clockwise direction when viewed from Marina Centre, but on 4 August 2008 this was reversed on the advice of Feng shui masters.[11]

Wheelchair ramps and lifts, handicapped toilets and a dedicated parking lot for the disabled are also provided.[12]


The groundbreaking ceremony was held on 27 September 2005, with Mah Bow Tan, then Minister for National Development, as guest of honour. The spindle was fitted on 13 December 2006, and the outer rim was completed on 9 April 2007. Installation of the passenger capsules began on 3 August 2007[13] and was completed on 2 October 2007.[1]


The Flyer opened in 2008. During Chinese New Year, corporate 'inaugural flights' were held from 11 to 13 February, and tickets for which sold out for S$8,888, an auspicious number in Chinese culture. The first public rides were on Valentine's Day, 14 February, the soft launch on 1 March,[2] and the official opening on 15 April, at which Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong was the guest of honour.[1][14]


In March 2010, Great Wheel Corporation, a consultant for the Singapore Flyer, was one of several companies named in a report alleging embezzlement, lodged with the prosecutor's office in Berlin, Germany. Transfers of €3 million to companies in the Virgin Islands and UK, and monthly payments of €40,000 from the Berlin wheel's project company, Great Berlin Wheel, to its linked company Great Wheel in Singapore, were questioned. A prosecutor's office spokesperson said: "We understand there were false contracts concerning non-existing deals, and these contracts were made to take the money for private concerns."[15]

Florian Bollen is chairman of both Great Wheel Corporation, registered in Singapore as GWC Holdings, and Singapore Flyer Pte Ltd. A spokesperson for the Singapore Flyer said: "The giant observation wheel in Berlin is separate from the Singapore Flyer and it is separately owned and operated. Great Wheel Corporation is also a separate entity from the Singapore Flyer. Any investigations relating to the Berlin wheel and Great Wheel Corporation have no effect on and no relationship with the Singapore Flyer's operations and finances."[15]

On 28 May 2013, the Singapore Flyer announced that it was in receivership. Accounting firm Ferrier Hodgson has been appointed as the receiver and manager of the company's charged assets. Ferrier Hodgson said it is looking into identifying investors to manage and enhance the Singapore Flyer, and will ensure smooth operations at the Flyer throughout the receivership.[16]

On 2014, Merlin Entertainments, the British firm behind the famous London Eye and Legoland theme parks abandoned its talks to acquire the S$240-million tourist attraction located in the city of Singapore. The discussions between the receiver, Ferrier Hodgson and Merlin Entertainments were reported to have begun but the talks between the two parties had broken down. The Singapore Tourism Board reportedly said that discussions are still ongoing with other stakeholders, although it declined to confirm if the talks were with another potential buyer. This crumpled the future for the observation wheel, which have gone through financial difficulties since 2010.[17]

On 28 August 2014, Straco Leisure Pte. Ltd. announced the acquisition of Singapore Flyer. Straco Leisure Pte. Ltd. is 90% owned by Straco Corporation Limited, a Singapore listed company that operates tourist attractions in China such as the Shanghai Ocean Aquarium and Underwater World Xiamen. The remaining 10% is owned by WTS Leisure Pte. Ltd., one of the largest private tour bus operators in Singapore.[4]

In media[edit]



  1. ^ a b c d "History & Milestones". Singapore Flyer. Archived from the original on 24 March 2013. Retrieved 8 February 2013.
  2. ^ a b "Singapore Flyer opens to the public from Saturday". Channel NewsAsia. 1 March 2008. Archived from the original on 3 March 2008. Retrieved 2 March 2008.
  3. ^ "The Singapore Flyer – An Engineering Feat" (PDF). Singapore Flyer.
  4. ^ a b "Straco Leisure Pte Ltd signs agreement to purchase the Singapore Flyer". Singapore Tourism Board. 28 August 2014. Archived from the original on 10 September 2014. Retrieved 10 September 2014.
  5. ^ "S'pore flyer set to spin on Monday night". Archived from the original on 28 October 2017. Retrieved 16 October 2018.
  6. ^ "5 things about Singapore Flyer and new owner Straco". Archived from the original on 26 March 2018. Retrieved 16 October 2018.
  7. ^ "High Roller: world's largest Ferris wheel hoisted into place in Las Vegas". Associated Press. 11 September 2013. Archived from the original on 15 September 2018. Retrieved 3 April 2018 – via
  8. ^ Santorelli, Tom. "'World's tallest' Ferris wheel opens in Las Vegas". BBC. Archived from the original on 2 April 2014. Retrieved 2 April 2014.
  9. ^ "Fun Facts about the Flyer". Singapore Flyer. Archived from the original on 24 March 2013. Retrieved 28 May 2013.
  10. ^ "Design Concepts". Singapore Flyer. Archived from the original on 24 March 2013. Retrieved 28 May 2013.
  11. ^ "Feng Shui turns this wheel". The Straits Times. Archived from the original on 4 August 2010. Retrieved 14 September 2010.
  12. ^ "Wheelchair Access – Singapore Flyer". 16 December 2007. Archived from the original on 9 September 2010. Retrieved 14 September 2010.
  13. ^ Singapore Flyer may open to public earlier than scheduled[permanent dead link]
  14. ^ "PM Lee officially opens Singapore Flyer". Channel NewsAsia. 15 April 2008. Archived from the original on 20 April 2008. Retrieved 16 April 2008.
  15. ^ a b Firm linked to Flyer under German probe[permanent dead link]
  16. ^ "Singapore Flyer in receivership". Archived from the original on 7 June 2013. Retrieved 28 May 2013.
  17. ^ Tan, Weizhen (8 May 2014). "Singapore Flyer's woes takes a new spin after Merlin talks collapse – TODAYonline". TODAY. Archived from the original on 9 August 2014. Retrieved 7 August 2014.
  18. ^ "High Flyers for Bloomberg". 14 March 2014. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 6 August 2015.
  19. ^ Shaw, Jessica (12 April 2010). "The Amazing Race recap: Singapore Sting". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved 27 December 2019.
  20. ^ "Tyler and Nathan Win the First Amazing Race Australia Series!". PopSugar. 2 August 2011. Retrieved 27 December 2019.
  21. ^ "English Brochure" (PDF). Singapore Flyer. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 October 2013.

External links[edit]

Preceded by
World's tallest Ferris wheel
Succeeded by