Singapore General Hospital
|Singapore General Hospital|
Block 4 entrance of the Singapore General Hospital
|Location||Bukit Merah, Singapore|
|Emergency department||Level I|
|Lists||Hospitals in Singapore|
The Singapore General Hospital (SGH; Chinese: 新加坡中央医院; literally: 'Singapore Central Hospital') is the largest and oldest hospital in Singapore, of which the foundation of its first building was laid in 1821. SGH was ranked as the third best hospital in the world by Newsweek in 2019. 
Operated by SingHealth, it occupies sprawling grounds in the eastern part of Bukit Merah, sharing space with four national specialty centres, namely the Singapore National Eye Centre (SNEC), the National Heart Centre Singapore (NHCS), the National Cancer Centre Singapore (NCCS) and the National Dental Centre Singapore (NDCS).
The Singapore General Hospital was established in 1821, when the first General Hospital was located in the cantonment for British troops near the Singapore River. It later shifted to Pearl Banks apartment and then to the Kandang Kerbau district, before finally settling at Sepoy Lines along Outram Road in 1882.
The modern history of Singapore General Hospital began on 29 March 1926, with the opening of 800 beds in the Bowyer, Stanley and Norris Blocks. Today, only the Bowyer Block with its historically distinctive clock tower remains. The Bowyer Block is now home to the Singapore General Hospital Museum (SGH Museum).
On 1 April 1989, the hospital was restructured, in an effort to modernise the organisation of the hospital, due to rapidly developing changes in healthcare services and patient expectations for better service. As a restructured hospital, the Singapore General Hospital is still 100 per cent government-owned and is a not-for-profit institution. More than 60 per cent of the beds are allocated for subsidised patients, giving them access to an internationally established standard of affordable healthcare.
On 31 March 2000, following a major reorganisation of the public sector healthcare services initiated by the Ministry of Health, the Singapore General Hospital came under the management of Singapore Health Services or SingHealth.
National specialty centres
Singapore National Eye Centre
Singapore National Eye Centre is a specialty centre for ophthalmological services. It was founded in 1990 and is the largest ophthalmology specialist centre in Singapore.
National Cancer Centre Singapore
National Cancer Centre Singapore is a specialty centre for the diagnosis, treatment, and research of cancer in Outram. It was established in 1993 by branching off the oncological services of Singapore General Hospital into an autonomous institution. It is Singapore's largest specialty centre for cancer, and claims to be Southeast Asia's only full multidisciplinary centre for cancer.
National Heart Centre Singapore
National Heart Centre Singapore is a specialty centre for cardiovascular disease in Outram. It was established in 1994 and took over the cardiac services of Singapore General Hospital in 1995.
National Dental Centre Singapore
National Dental Centre Singapore is a specialty centre for specialist oral healthcare services in Outram. It was founded in 1997 and claims to offer the largest concentration of specialist expertise in a single facility.
National Neuroscience Institute
National Neuroscience Institute is a specialty centre for neurological diseases. It was established in 1999 by transferring the neurological and neurosurgery services of Tan Tock Seng Hospital into an separate institution. It has a campus co-located with SGH in Outram, but — unlike other SingHealth specialty centres — also has a campus located with Tan Tock Seng Hospital in Novena, Singapore.
The SGH Museum
The Singapore General Hospital Museum is a repository of artefacts and records, where visitors can trace the long and rich history of the Singapore General Hospital. It is also a place where one can learn about the development of medical specialties and medical education in Singapore, presented with the aid of audio-visual and multimedia technology.
The SGH Museum was officially opened by President SR Nathan on 20 May 2005. The museum adopts a thematic approach in presenting the hospital's long history, where visitors get not just an insight into the significant developments of the hospital through the years, but also an understanding of the impact these incidents have on the people and the community.
Hepatitis C outbreak
In 2015, an initial 22 patients in the renal ward (four deaths inclusive) were infected with Hepatitis C, which was revealed on 6 October 2015. As of 8 December 2015, 8 out of the 25 patients died in the outbreak.
- "Best Hospitals". Newsweek.
- "URA Maps". Urban Redevelopment Authority.
- Lee, Min Kok (6 October 2015). "22 patients in SGH renal ward infected with hepatitis C; 4 patients have died". The Straits Times. Retrieved 8 October 2019.
- Khalik, Salma (8 December 2015). "SGH's lapses led to hepatitis C outbreak earlier this year: Independent Review Committee". The Straits Times. Retrieved 8 October 2019.
- "Report on SGH hep C outbreak: How the incident was escalated". Straits Times. 8 December 2015. Archived from the original on 25 April 2018. Retrieved 5 April 2019.
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