Single-origin coffee is coffee grown within a single known geographic origin. Sometimes, this is a single farm, or a specific collection of beans from a single country. The name of the coffee is then usually the place it was grown to whatever degree available. Single-origins are viewed by some as a way to get a specific taste, and some independent coffee shops have found that this gives them a way to add value over large chains. alternatively some people think that this is a way to artificially keep the price of coffee inflated.
There are no real rules or governing body enforcing the labeling of coffee. A single origin coffee could be:
- Coffee entirely from one farm.
- Coffee from multiple farms in the same general area. (very common)
- Coffee from multiple farms in the same country.
Types of single-origin
Estate coffees are a specific type of single-origin coffee. They are generally grown on a single farm, which might range in size from a few acres to large plantations occupying many square miles, or a collection of farms which all process their coffee at the same mill.
Micro-lot coffees are another type of specific single-origin coffee from a single field on a farm, a small range of altitude, and specific day of harvest.
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