Singleton, West Sussex

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Singleton
Singleton.JPG
Singleton is located in West Sussex
Singleton
Singleton
Location within West Sussex
Area16.02 km2 (6.19 sq mi) [1]
Population480 (2011 Census)[2]
• Density30/km2 (78/sq mi)
OS grid referenceSU877130
• London49 miles (79 km) NE
Civil parish
  • Singleton
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townCHICHESTER
Postcode districtPO18
Dialling code01243
PoliceSussex
FireWest Sussex
AmbulanceSouth East Coast
EU ParliamentSouth East England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
West Sussex
50°54′38″N 0°45′11″W / 50.91066°N 0.75313°W / 50.91066; -0.75313Coordinates: 50°54′38″N 0°45′11″W / 50.91066°N 0.75313°W / 50.91066; -0.75313

Singleton is a village and civil parish in the Chichester district of West Sussex, England. It lies in the Lavant valley, north of Chichester on the A286 road to Midhurst.

The village name is derived from the Anglo-Saxon 'sengel', which means "burnt clearing".

The Weald and Downland Open Air Museum of Historic Buildings is situated on the edge of the village. Over 40 historic buildings from south-east England have been rescued from destruction, dismantled and reconstructed on the site.

A railway served the village at Singleton station between 1880 and 1953. The station complex is now in use as a private dwelling place.

The parish has a land area of 1,602 hectares (3,960 acres). In the 2001 census there were 199 households containing 476 people, of whom 199 were economically active. The population marginally increased to 480 at the 2011 Census.[2]

The parish church[edit]

Church of the blessed Virgin Mary.

The Anglican parish church has Anglo-Saxon nave walls and massive square tower. The aisles were added later. This was a hundredal church, the central church of the Hundred of Singleton, a Saxon administrative grouping of parishes. The tower has three Saxon windows and a Saxon doorway leading into thin air high up in the nave, showing that there was once an upper room above the nave.[3] It is likely that the priests for the churches in the hundred would have lived in this room. The Saxon tower arch was rebuilt in the twelfth or thirteenth century with a pointed arch. The pews are from the Tudor period.

Landmarks - Goodwood[edit]

Goodwood Country Park lies in the south of the parish, part of the Goodwood House estate.

Singleton forest oil well[edit]

There is an oil well in Singleton forest in the north of the parish.[4][5] This is one of 84 wells on DECC’s list for East and West Sussex, some dating back over 100 years.[6]

There have been two pollution incidents at the Singleton Oil Field (now operated by IGas but operated by a different company when the incidents occurred).

These occurred in the early 1990s, and were caused by failure of cement behind the conductor and the 9 5/8-inch casing. This was identified as a result of five groundwater monitoring boreholes installed at the Singleton Oil Field in 1993. The leak was from the well cellar (cement-lined cavity in which the well-head sits) via the preinstalled conductor and the 9 5/8-inch casing, both of which appear not to have been adequately cemented in-situ in at least one well.

A thorough investigation commenced in 1997, including the drilling of a number (>11) of additional boreholes, and the carrying out of tracer tests and CCTV examination under the auspices of, and in consultation with, the UK Environment Agency. The leak paths, once identified and verified, were remediated. Monitoring has continued since that time and the observed pollution levels have remained below those set by the Environment Agency as requiring further action.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2001 Census: West Sussex – Population by Parish" (PDF). West Sussex County Council. Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 February 2013. Retrieved 14 May 2009.
  2. ^ a b "Civil Parish 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 14 October 2015.
  3. ^ 'Singleton', A History of the County of Sussex: Volume 4: The Rape of Chichester (1953), pp. 118-121.
  4. ^ "Providence Resources plc Singleton Oil Well Brought on Stream". OilVoice. 27 December 2005. Retrieved 13 June 2009.
  5. ^ Bone, David (2010). "Exploring West Sussex geology with David Bone". David Bone.
  6. ^ Hayhurst, Ruth (23 April 2014). "Energy Department lists 80+ oil and gas wells in Sussex". "drillordrop".
  7. ^ Davies, R.J.; et al. (2014). "Oil and gas wells and their integrity: Implications for shale and unconventional resource exploitation". Marine and Petroleum Geology. 56: 239–254. doi:10.1016/j.marpetgeo.2014.03.001.

External links[edit]