Sinh (clothing)

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Laotian women wearing sinhs

The Sinh (Lao: ສິ້ນ, Lao pronunciation: [sȉn]; Thai: ซิ่น, RTGSsin, Thai pronunciation: [sîn]; Tai Nuea: ᥔᥤᥢᥲ), or commonly (Thai: ผ้าซิ่น, RTGSpha sin),[1] is a handmade traditional skirt, often made of silk, that are worn by Lao women[2] and Thai women, particularly northern Thai and northeastern Thai women. It is a tube skirt.[3] Its pattern can indicate which region the wearer is from. In present-day Thailand, pha sins are typically worn at special events. However, in Laos, Sinhs are worn more regularly in daily life.


A typical Tai Yuan sinh.

A sinh is typically composed of three components:

  • hua sinh (Lao: ຫົວສິ້ນ), literally 'the head of the sinh', is the waistband portion, which is typically tucked in and hidden.
  • phuen sinh (Lao: ພື້ນສິ້ນ) or tua sinh (Thai: ตัวซิ่น), literally 'the body of the sinh', is the body of the sinh. This part of the sinh is typically not detailed. In particular, it typically only consists of one or two colors.
  • tin sinh (Lao: ຕີນສິ້ນ), literally 'the foot of the sinh', is the hem. The hem is typically woven with a lot of details. The specific details of the hem can indicate where the sinh is made.


The sinh is made of silk or handwoven cotton. They come in different textures and designs, frequently created in rural areas. Premium silk versions may go for over 50,000 baht per piece, particularly if created by a well-known traditional weaver. Less expensive fabrics cost about 3,000 baht.[1]


See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Thepthong, Phitsanu (17 February 2020). "Pushing 'phasin' to the fore". Bangkok Post. Retrieved 18 February 2020.
  2. ^ "". Retrieved 2021-08-11.
  3. ^ "Thai Traditional Dress" (PDF). SALC Newsletter. Chulalongkorn University Language Institute. 84: 5–8. March 2018. Retrieved 18 February 2020.

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