The land of Sin (Hebrew: סִין), also known as Sinim (from: Hebrew: סִינִים, i.e. the inhabitants of the land of Sin, or the people of Sin), is mentioned in the Hebrew Bible. In the Book of Isaiah, chapter 49 verse 12 reads, "Behold, these shall come from far: and, lo, these from the north and from the west; and these from the land of Sinim."
Some scholars have claimed that Sinim is a variant name for not-so-distant Phoenicia. However, it is notable that Isaiah writes "[T]hese shall come from far; and lo, these from the north and the west; and these from the land of Sinim". This seems to indicate that these people did not live in the north or the west. Isaiah lived in the 8th-7th century B.C. and Phoenicia existed during this period, lying directly west of Judah and Israel. Isaiah would have been familiar with this region, its name and location, so unless he is using some euphemism, it would seem Phoenicia is not a good candidate.
Some have even associated Sin with China. Sinim resembles Sinae, the Latinization of Qin, after the Qin (state), founded 778 BC and the Qin dynasty, founded in 221 BC by Qin Shi Huang-Di. At the time of the prophecy there was no one Chinese nation, but many small states. The Chinese associate the origin of their civilization with the capital of Shensi, namely, Siang-fu (translated Father Sin). In Assyrian records, Siang-fu appears as Sianu.
- An Article arguing that Sinim is an ancient Semitic/Phoenician name for Australia
- A NOVA article describing that Sinim refers to China
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