Sino-North Korean Mutual Aid and Cooperation Friendship Treaty

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Sino-North Korean Mutual Aid and Cooperation Friendship Treaty
Chinese name
Simplified Chinese 中朝友好合作互助条约
Traditional Chinese 中朝友好合作互助條約
Korean name
Hangul 중조우호협력상호원조조약

The Sino-North Korean Mutual Aid and Cooperation Friendship Treaty was a treaty signed on July 11, 1961 between North Korea and the People's Republic of China.

Background[edit]

After May 16 coup in 1961, new South Korean leader Park Chung-hee warned to increase military spending and take actions towards North Korea. North Korean leader had fear of South Korean invasion so turned to Soviet Union and China.[1]

Signing[edit]

Treaty signing in Beijing on July 11, 1961

The treaty was signed in Beijing and came into effect on September 10 of the same year.[2][3] Premier of the People's Republic of China Zhou Enlai and Prime Minister of North Korea Kim Il-sung signed for their respective countries.[4] The treaty generally promoted peaceful cooperation in the areas of culture, economics, technology and other social benefits between the two nations.[4] Specifically, Article 2 of the treaty declares the two nations guarantee to adopt immediately all necessary measures to oppose any country or coalition of countries that might attack either nation.[5]

The treaty is in effect and automatically renews every 20 years. It has renewed in 1981 and 2001.[4][6] The most recent renewal will remain in effect until the year 2021.[7][6]

Kim Il-sung arrived in Beijing in 1961 to sign this treaty just a few days after the signing of the North Korean-Soviet Mutual Aid and Cooperation Friendship Treaty (朝苏友好合作互助条约).[4] The Soviet treaty however has no longer been in effect since the 1990s, only a revised "consultation" treaty was re-adopted in 1999.[5] The right to cancel can be invoked at specified 5 year intervals, and each party must give advance notice of one year.[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://sankei.jp.msn.com/world/news/110718/kor11071812000000-n3.htm 北朝鮮と軍事同盟50年を祝う中国を侮るな」『MSN産経ニュース』, 18 July 2011, in Japanese. Alternative source: [1]
  2. ^ Cpc.people.com.cn. "Cpc.people.com.cn." 1961年7月11日 《中朝友好合作互助條約》在北京簽訂. Retrieved on 2010-05-30.
  3. ^ CCTV.com. "CCTV.com." 中朝兩國關係發展的新契機. Retrieved on 2010-05-31.
  4. ^ a b c d Big5.ifeng.com. "Big5.ifeng.com." 鴨綠江水靜流淌:中朝60年紀事. Retrieved on 2010-05-30.
  5. ^ a b c Harrison, Selig S. [2003] (2003). Korean endgame: a strategy for reunification and U.S. disengagement. p 322.
  6. ^ a b http://www.straitstimes.com/asia/east-asia/china-not-obliged-to-defend-north-korea-from-an-attack
  7. ^ Sina.com. "Sina.com." 兩韓緊張升級 中國角色難演. Retrieved on 2010-05-30.