Sino-North Korean Mutual Aid and Cooperation Friendship Treaty
|Sino-North Korean Mutual Aid and Cooperation Friendship Treaty|
After May 16 coup in 1961, new South Korean leader Park Chung-hee warned to increase military spending and take actions towards North Korea. North Korean leader had fear of South Korean invasion so turned to Soviet Union and China.
The treaty was signed in Beijing and came into effect on September 10 of the same year. Premier of the People's Republic of China Zhou Enlai and Prime Minister of North Korea Kim Il-sung signed for their respective countries. The treaty generally promoted peaceful cooperation in the areas of culture, economics, technology and other social benefits between the two nations. Specifically, Article 2 of the treaty declares the two nations guarantee to adopt immediately all necessary measures to oppose any country or coalition of countries that might attack either nation.
Kim Il-sung arrived in Beijing in 1961 to sign this treaty just a few days after the signing of the North Korean-Soviet Mutual Aid and Cooperation Friendship Treaty (朝苏友好合作互助条约). The Soviet treaty however has no longer been in effect since the 1990s, only a revised "consultation" treaty was re-adopted in 1999. The right to cancel can be invoked at specified 5 year intervals, and each party must give advance notice of one year.
|Wikisource has original text related to this article:|
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