Sinotyrannus

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Sinotyrannus
Temporal range: Early Cretaceous, 120 Ma
Sinotyrannus KZV 001.png
Diagram of known fossil remains in grey
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Clade: Dinosauria
Order: Saurischia
Suborder: Theropoda
Family: Proceratosauridae
Genus: Sinotyrannus
Ji et al., 2009
Species: S. kazuoensis
Binomial name
Sinotyrannus kazuoensis
Ji et al., 2009

Sinotyrannus (meaning "Chinese tyrant") is a genus of large basal proceratosaurid[1] dinosaur, a relative of tyrannosaurids which flourished in North America and Asia during the Jurassic and early Cretaceous periods. Sinotyrannus is known from a single incomplete fossil specimen including a partial skull, from the Early Cretaceous Jiufotang Formation of Liaoning, China. Though it is not much younger than primitive tyrannosauroids such as Dilong, it is similar in size to later forms such as Tyrannosaurus. It was much larger than contemporary tyrannosauroids; reaching a total estimated length of 9–10 m (30–33 ft), it is the largest known theropod from the Jiufotang Formation. The type species is S. kazuoensis, described by Ji et al., in 2009.[2]

Classification[edit]

Sinotyrannus is a basal proceratosaurid tyrannosauroid. It is considered to be part of a clade containing Juratyrant and Stokesosaurus.[3]

Below is a cladogram by Loewen et al. in 2013.[3]

Estimated size of Sinotyrannus, compared to a human.
Tyrannosauroidea
Proceratosauridae


Proceratosaurus bradleyi



Kileskus aristotocus



Guanlong wucaii





Sinotyrannus kazuoensis




Juratyrant langhami



Stokesosaurus clevelandi







Dilong paradoxus




Eotyrannus lengi




Bagaraatan ostromi




Raptorex kriegsteini




Dryptosaurus aquilunguis





Alectrosaurus olseni



Xiongguanlong baimoensis





Appalachiosaurus montgomeriensis





Alioramus altai



Alioramus remotus




Tyrannosauridae











See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Brusatte, S. L.; Norell, M. A.; Carr, T. D.; Erickson, G. M.; Hutchinson, J. R.; Balanoff, A. M.; Bever, G. S.; Choiniere, J. N.; et al. (2010). "Tyrannosaur paleobiology: new research on ancient exemplar organisms". Science. 329 (5998): 1481–1485. PMID 20847260. doi:10.1126/science.1193304. 
  2. ^ Ji, Q.; Ji, S.-A.; Zhang, L.-J. (2009). "First large tyrannosauroid theropod from the Early Cretaceous Jehol Biota in northeastern China" (PDF). Geological Bulletin of China. 28 (10): 1369–1374. 
  3. ^ a b Loewen, M.A.; Irmis, R.B.; Sertich, J.J.W.; Currie, P. J.; Sampson, S. D. (2013). Evans, David C, ed. "Tyrant Dinosaur Evolution Tracks the Rise and Fall of Late Cretaceous Oceans". PLoS ONE. 8 (11): e79420. PMC 3819173Freely accessible. PMID 24223179. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0079420. 

External links[edit]