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|Leader||Syed Ghulam Raza Naqvi (imprisoned 1996, freed 2014)|
|Headquarters||Thokar Niaz Beg, Lahore, Pakistan|
|Ideology||Protection of Shi'a community, armed resistance to Wahhabi/Takfiri terrorism and target killing|
|Colors||Black and Yellow|
|Slogan||"Humiliation of us is impossible." (Arabic: هيهات منا الذلة)|
|Parliament of Pakistan|
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politics and government of
Sipah-e-Muhammad Pakistan (S.M.P) (Urdu: سپاہ محمد پاکستان; Arabic: سباه محمد الباكستانيه; English: Soldiers of Muhammad) is a Shia militant organisation and a former political party based in Pakistan that was formed in 1993 or 1994 as a response to sectarian violence against Pakistani Shia Muslims orchestrated by Deobandi militant movement such as Sipah-e-Sahaba Pakistan (also known Lashkar-e-Jhangvi). On August 14, 2001, it was banned by President Pervez Musharraf as a terrorist organisation.
Shia leader Maulana Mureed Abbas Yazdani formed Sipa-e-Muhammad Pakistan in 1993; it is believed to be armed wing of Tehreek-e-Jafria Pakistan. It is involved in assassination of Sipah-e-Sahaba-linked sectarian clerics and other figures that are responsible for the ongoing anti-Shia violence in Pakistan. It is accused of killing of central leadership of Sipa-e-Sahabah starting from Haq Nawaz Jhangvi to recent[when?] assassinations in Karachi and Rawalpindi. Its headquarters is in Thokar Niaz Beg, Lahore and its leader was Ghulam Raza Naqvi who was imprisoned in 1996 and released in 2014. Since his death in 2016, it is unclear who leads the group.
Sipah-e-Muhammad's primary aim was to target the sectarian leadership of the banned terrorist Deobandi militia Sipah-e-Sahaba or Lashkar-e-Jhangvi. However, with the subsequent rise in the violence against Shia Muslims, it was thought to be reforming.[clarification needed]
The movement was strong in various Shia communities in Pakistan, and in the majority Shia town of Thokar Niaz Beg ran a "virtual state within a state" in the 1990s.
Sipah-e-Muhammad is alleged to have ties with the Iran.
Designation as a terrorist organization
The Government of Pakistan designated Sipah-e-Muhammad a terrorist organization in 2002; it is classified as a Foreign Terrorist Organization under U.S. law. As a result, its finances are blocked worldwide by the U.S government.
- Shia Islam in Pakistan
- Majlis Wahdat-e-Muslimeen
- Shia Ulema Council
- Imamia Students Organisation
- Daily Times.com Vengeance, frictions reviving LJ and Sipah-e-Muhammad. April 7th, 2004
- Ravinder Kaur (5 November 2005). Religion, Violence and Political Mobilisation in South Asia. SAGE Publications. pp. 154–. ISBN 978-0-7619-3431-8.
- "'200 Iranian-trained Sipah-e-Muhammad activists hunting down ASWJ workers'". www.pakistantoday.com.pk. Retrieved 2018-07-26.