Sipoo – Sibbo
Sipoo Old Church
Location of Sipoo in Finland
|• Chairman of the municipal board||Eero Seppänen|
|• Chairman of the municipal assembly||Christel Liljeström|
|• Municipal manager||Mikael Grannas|
|• Total||698.60 km2 (269.73 sq mi)|
|• Land||339.62 km2 (131.13 sq mi)|
|• Water||358.97 km2 (138.60 sq mi)|
|Area rank||225th largest in Finland|
|• Rank||46th largest in Finland|
|• Density||63.87/km2 (165.4/sq mi)|
|Population by native language|
|• Finnish||59.5% (official)|
|Population by age|
|• 0 to 14||21.7%|
|• 15 to 64||64.7%|
|• 65 or older||13.6%|
|Time zone||UTC+02:00 (EET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+03:00 (EEST)|
|Municipal tax rate||19.25%|
Sipoo (Finnish pronunciation: [ˈsipoː]; Swedish: Sibbo) is a municipality of Finland. It is part of the Helsinki metropolitan area. The municipality has a population of 21,693 (31 December 2020) and covers an area of 698.60 square kilometres (269.73 sq mi) of which 358.97 km2 (138.60 sq mi) is water. The population density is 63.87 inhabitants per square kilometre (165.4/sq mi). The administrative center of the municipality is Nikkilä (Swedish: Nickby), which is located 34 kilometres (21 mi) northeast of the center of Helsinki.
The coat of arms of the municipality refers to the origin story of the settlement, according to which the ancestors of Sipoo are said to have arrived in the region on a viking ship, the bow of which was decorated with a head of wolf; accordingly, locals have even been called the “wolves of Sipoo”. The wave lined fess of the coat of arms refers to the Sipoo River.
It is the eastern neighbour of Helsinki and western neighbour of Porvoo, located in the Uusimaa region. There are two important road connections in the direction of Helsinki from Sipoo: Highway 7, known as the Porvoo Highway (part of E18), and Road 170, which is known as the Itäväylä on the Helsinki side.
The once almost completely Swedish-speaking municipality is bilingual since 1953, a majority being Finnish speakers, due to migration from other parts of Finland since 2003. Today the Finnish-speaking majority stands at 60% and the Swedish-speaking minority is about 39% of the population.
On June 26, 2006, the Sipoo town council decided on a strategy to triple the municipality's population over the next 25 years. The decision was made after Helsinki announced plans to annex a part of the municipality in order to continue to build high-end urbanizations by the coastline (and thus high-tax revenue producing). The Finnish Council of State voted in favor of the annexation on June 28, 2007, with votes 8 to 4. Sipoo appealed to the Supreme Administrative Court, but the court upheld the decision of the Council of State and the annexation took place on January 1, 2009. As Helsinki did not directly border Sipoo at any point, the city of Vantaa ceded the area lain between Helsinki and Sipoo to Helsinki in the process.
- Swedish People's Party 25.4%
- National Coalition Party 23.8%
- Finns Party 12.5%
- Social Democratic Party 10.8%
- Green League 9.8%
- Movement Now 5.3%
- Centre Party 4.1%
- Left Alliance 2.9%
- Christian Democrats 2.3%
- Other parties 3.1%
Sipoo is featured in Elisa Viihde network's black comedy television series Duke of Sipoo (Finnish: Sipoon herttua), starring a corrupted Sipolian businessman Pasi Kovalainen, played by Kari Hietalahti.
- "Area of Finnish Municipalities 1.1.2018" (PDF). National Land Survey of Finland. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
- "Suomen virallinen tilasto (SVT): Väestön ennakkotilasto [verkkojulkaisu]. Joulukuu 2020" (in Finnish). Statistics Finland. Retrieved 11 February 2021.
- "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and land area km2 by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 March 2009.
- "Population according to age and gender by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 28 April 2009.
- "List of municipal and parish tax rates in 2011". Tax Administration of Finland. 29 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- Suomen kunnallisvaakunat (in Finnish). Suomen Kunnallisliitto. 1982. p. 159. ISBN 951-773-085-3.
- "Sisäasiainministeriön vahvistamat kaupunkien, kauppaloiden ja kuntien vaakunat I:13 Sipoo". Kansallisarkiston digitaaliarkisto (in Finnish).
- "Hallitus hyväksyi Sipoo-liitoksen". YLE Uutiset (in Finnish). Helsinki: Yleisradio Oy. 2007-06-28. Archived from the original on 14 May 2011. Retrieved 25 January 2009.
- Supreme Administrative Court Precedent KHO:2008:1, ruled on January 15, 2008 (in Finnish)
- "Tulospalvelu: Eduskuntavaalit 2019 - Sipoo". Sipoon sanomat. Retrieved April 15, 2019.
- Elisa Viihde – SIPOON HERTTUA (in Finnish)
- IMDb – Sipoon Herttua: Duke of Sipoo
Media related to Sipoo at Wikimedia Commons