Golfingiida

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Golfingiida
Golfingia.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Sipuncula
Class: Sipunculidea
Order: Golfingiida
Families

See text

Golfingiida is an order of peanut worms.[1][2][3][4] The tentacles form a circle around the mouth whereas those of the sister taxon, Phascolosomatidea, are only found above the mouth. Most species burrow in the substrate but some live in the empty shells of gastropods.[5] It is the only order in the monotypic class Sipunculidea and contains the following families:[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gibbs, P.E. (1977): British sipunculans. Academic Press. London. 35p. ISBN 0-12-282050-9
  2. ^ Ditadi, A.S.F. & Migotto, A.E. (1982): O Filo Sipuncula. Concelho Nacional de Desemvolvimento Cientifico e Tecnologico CNPq Brasilia. 43p.
  3. ^ Cutler, Edward B. & Gibbs, Peter E. (1985): A Phylogenetic analysis of higher taxa in the Phylum Sipuncula. Systematic Zoology 34(2):162-173.
  4. ^ Cutler, Edward B. (1994): The Sipuncula: their systematic, biology and evolution. Cornell University Press. 406p ISBN 0-8014-2843-2
  5. ^ Invertebrate Anatomy OnLine Archived 2011-04-01 at the Wayback Machine.
  6. ^ "WoRMS - World Register of Marine Species - Golfingiida". www.marinespecies.org. Retrieved 2018-12-06.
  7. ^ Cutler, Edward B., Cutler, Norma J. & Gibbs, Peter E. (1985): A revision of the Golfingia subgerera Golfingiela, Stephen, 1964, and Siphonoides, Murina, 1967 (Sipuncula). Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 96(4):669-674.
  8. ^ Cutler, Edward B. & Cutler, Norma J. (1987): Revision of the genus Golfingia (Sipuncula: Golfingiidae). Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 100(4):735-761.
  9. ^ Cutler, Edward B. & Cutler, Norma J. (1985): A revision of the genera Phascolion Theel, and Onchnesoma Koren and Danielssen (Sipuncula). Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 98(4):809-850.
  10. ^ Cutler, Edward B. & Cutler, Norma J. (1988): A revision of the genus Themistes. (Sipuncula). Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 101(4):741-766.

External links[edit]