Sir Bourchier Wrey, 6th Baronet

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Sir Bourchier Wrey, 6th Baronet (c. 1715-1784), depicted on a ship at sea serving from a punch bowl, the rim of which is inscribed from Horace, IV Odes, xii, closing line: Dulce est Desipere in Loco ("It is sweet at fitting time to act foolishly"). 1744 portrait by George Knapton (1698-1778) for the Society of Dilettanti. Getty Center, Brentwood, Los Angeles
Arms of Wrey of Trebeigh, Cornwall and Tawstock, Devon: Sable, a fesse between three pole-axes argent helved gules[1]

Sir Bourchier Wrey, 6th Baronet (ca. 1715 – 13 April 1784) of Tawstock, Devon, was Member of Parliament for Barnstaple, Devon, 1747-1754.[2] The manor of Tawstock, about two miles south of Barnstaple, had been since the time of Henry de Tracy (d.1274) the residence of the feudal barons of Barnstaple,[3] ancestors of the Wrey family.

Origins[edit]

He was the eldest son and heir of Sir Bourchier Wrey, 5th Baronet (c. 1683-1726), lord of the manor of Tawstock, a Jacobite sympathiser, by his wife (who had married him as her 2nd husband) and first cousin Diana Rolle (b.1683), a daughter of John Rolle (d.1689), eldest son and heir of Sir John Rolle (1626-1706) of Stevenstone, near Great Torrington, Devon, Sheriff of Devon in 1682[4] and one of the largest landowners in Devon.

Career[edit]

He was educated at Winchester College and New College, Oxford and succeeded his father as 6th baronet on 12 November 1726.

He made his Grand Tour in 1737-40 during which he visited Paris, Geneva, Rome, Florence and Milan. While living in Rome, Lady Mary Wortley Montagu recorded him as having slept with his landlady, with the encouragement of his landlord. In 1742 he was elected to the Society of Dilettanti, a group of gentlemen who wanted to maintain an interest in the antiquarian and artistic pursuits which they had enjoyed abroad. George Knapton (1698–1778), the official portraitist of the society, painted his portrait in 1744, in which he is depicted on board a ship holding a punch bowl inscribed with a line from Horace's Odes: "dulce est desipere in loco" (it is sweet on occasion to play the fool).

He was elected Member of Parliament for Barnstaple in 1748 and supported the Whigs. In this seat he replaced his first cousin Henry Rolle, 1st Baron Rolle (1708-1750) who had been elevated to the House of Lords in 1748.[5] In 1752 he went to Bremen, Hamburg and Lübeck as a delegate for the 'Society for Carrying on the Herring Fishery'. He rebuilt the pier at Ilfracombe, of which manor he was lord, and established better arrangements for English fishermen in Bremen, Hamburg, Lübeck and Copenhagen.

Marriages & progeny[edit]

Wrey married twice:

  • Firstly in 1749 to Mary Edwards (d.1751), daughter of John Edwards of Highgate. She died in 1751 without issue and was the subject of a long Latin epitaph in The Gentleman's Magazine of that year.
  • Secondly in 1755 he married Ellen Thresher (1733-1813),[6] daughter and co-heiress of John Thresher of Bradford on Avon, Wiltshire. She died at her house in The Circus, Bath, Somerset, on 3 December 1813. His progeny by Ellen were two sons and four daughters:[7]
    • Sir Bourchier Wrey, 7th Baronet (1757-1826), eldest son and heir.
    • Rev. Bourchier William Wrey (1761-1839), Rector of Tawstock 1801-1839, who re-built as his residence Corffe House within the parish.[8] In 1789 he married Sophia Bethell, daughter of George Bethell. His mural monument survives in Tawstock Church inscribed as follows:[9]

      In memory of the Revd BOURCHIER WILLIAM WREY, M.A. Son of Sir BOURCHIER WREY, Bar; and 38 Years Rector of this Parish, who departed this Life, and entered into his Eternal Rest August 19th, 1839, Aged 78 Years. Here Affection lingers to recal his noble mien, his gentle dignified address, his amiability, benevolence, and worth, and Piety, with humble thankfulness records, the heavenborn comfort of his latter years, wherein the Name of Jesus proved, his Wisdom, Righteousness and Strength, his Joy in sorrow, his Life in death. Also in memory of SOPHIA Wife of the above Br Wm WREY who departed this Life Decr 1st 1848; Aged 81 Years. Blessed are the Dead which Die in the Lord."

Below is a brass plaque inscribed:

The Reverend Bourchier William Wrey, M.A Rector of Tawstock, Natus 6th May, 1761. Obiit 19th August, 1839.

Death & burial[edit]

Sir Bourchier Wrey died 13 April 1784 and was interred in Tawstock church where survives his monument. He was succeeded by his eldest son Sir Bourchier Wrey, 7th Baronet (1757-1826).

Monument at Tawstock[edit]

1784 monument to Sir Bourchier Wrey, 6th Baronet (c. 1715-1784), south transept, Tawstock Church. Viewed from south-east

A monument to Sir Bourchier Wrey, 6th Baronet (c. 1715-1784), described by Pevsner as "stately",[10] exists in the south transept of Tawstock Church, being a plain free-standing urn on a big square pedestal, railed off by iron railings.[11] The north side of the base is inscribed as follows:

"Sacred To the Memory of Sir Bourchier Wrey of Tawstock House In the County of Devon Bart Descended from Sir Chichester Wrey Bart Of Trebeigh in the County of Cornwall By Ann wife Wife Daughter and Coheiress Of Edward Bourchier Earl of Bath And Lord Fitz-warine, and relict of James Earl of Middlesex. He was chosen in 1748 to represent in Parliament the Borough of Barnstaple And was nineteen Years Colonel of the North Devon Regiment of Militia He departed this Life April 13th 1784 Aged 69 Years Sir Bourchier Wrey was twice married First to Mary daughter of John Edwards of Highgate Esqr By which Marriage there was no issue, Afterwards to Ellen Daughter & Coheiress of John Thresher Esqr of Bradford in the County of Wilts (By Whom he has left two Sons and four Daughters Bourchier, Bourchier William, Ellen, Dyonisia, Florentina, and Anna Maria) & who having surviv's him has caus'd This Monument to be erected As a Testimony of Her Respect and Affection".

The east side is inscribed:

"Beneath this Marble are also deposited the earthly Remains of Ellen Lady Wrey, Relict of Sir Bourchier Wrey Baronet, She died at the venerable Age of eighty, affectionately regretted by her surviving family, and closing on the 2d of December 1813, a Life of habitual piety, active Benevolence & every christian Virtue, in the humble hope, through her Redeemers merits. Immortality"

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • The case of Sir Bouchier Wrey Baronet, an infant, by John Burrington Esq ; his guardian ; and of Charles Allanson Esq ; John Evans and Hugh Evans gentlemen: lately referred to the Committee of Privileges and elections of the Honourable House of Commons (1698)

Sources[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Debrett's Peerage, 1968, p.877, Wrey Baronets
  2. ^ Matthews
  3. ^ Pole, Sir William (d.1635), Collections Towards a Description of the County of Devon, Sir John-William de la Pole (ed.), London, 1791, p.17
  4. ^ Vivian, Lt.Col. J.L., (Ed.) The Visitation of the County of Devon: Comprising the Heralds' Visitations of 1531, 1564 & 1620, Exeter, 1895 , p.656, pedigree of Rolle
  5. ^ Matthews, Shirley, biography of Wrey, Sir Bourchier, 6th Bt. (?1715-84), of Tawstock, published in The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1715-1754, ed. R. Sedgwick, 1970
  6. ^ Dates per monument in Tawstock Church
  7. ^ Per monument in Tawstock Church
  8. ^ Lysons, Magna Britannia, 1822
  9. ^ http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~ukdevon/TawstockInsideMIs.htm
  10. ^ Pevsner, Nikolaus & Cherry, Bridget, The Buildings of England: Devon, London, 2004, p.790
  11. ^ Pevsner, Nikolaus & Cherry, Bridget, The Buildings of England: Devon, London, 2004, p.790
Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
Henry Rolle
Thomas Benson
Member of Parliament for Barnstaple
1748–1754
With: Thomas Benson
Succeeded by
John Harris
George Amyand
Baronetage of England
Preceded by
Bourchier Wrey
Baronet
(of Trebitch)
1726–1784
Succeeded by
Bourchier Wrey